5SWARTHMORE COLLEGE

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY

HISTORY 122: REVOLUTIONARY EUROPE, 1789-1870

Fall 1999
Bob Weinberg

This seminar focuses on selected aspects of the political and socio-economic changes that Western Europe underwent from the late eighteenth century to 1871. Since the French Revolution set the tone and agenda for many of these changes, we will start with an examination of 1789 and then trace its impact on social and political developments in the ninteenth century. In particular, we will examine: the transition from absolutism to liberal constitutional government, social and economic transformation, the relationship between class and revolution, and the position of women and Jews in the age of emancipation. No prior knowledge of European history is assumed, and therefore I have assigned textbook reading for many classes so you will have a general overview of each week's theme.

The ideal seminar paper serves as the basis of class discussion and provides a critical analysis of the week's readings. You should strive to develop your own analysis, argument and conclusions. Narrative accounts should be kept to a minimum, except where they are necessary for the development of your argument.

 Key to abbreviations: S (on seminar shelf only)
B (in binder only)
SB (on seminar shelf and in binder)

Several books we will read are available for purchase at the bookstore. WEEK 1: THE OLD REGIME (September 8)

Required

Isser Woloch, Eighteenth-Century Europe, pp. 60-145 and 231-270 (SB)--Background text
Bonnie Smith, Changing Lives, pp. 3-92 (SB)
E. H. Carr, "The Historian and His Facts" in Carr, What is History? (SB)
E. P. Thompson, "The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century," Past and
Present, no. 50 (February 1971), pp. 76-136 (SB)
Louise Tilly, "The Food Riot as a Form of Political Conflict in France," Journal of
Interdisciplinary History, vol. 2 (Summer 1971), pp. 24-57 (SB)
Jerome Blum, The End of the Old Order in Rural Europe, pp. 3-8 (SB)
Robert Darnton, "Peasants Tell Tales: The Meaning of Mother Goose" and "Workers Revolt:
The Great Cat Massacre" in Robert Darnton, The Great Cat Massacre, pp. 3-104 (SB)
Joan Scott, "Women's History" and "Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis" in Joan
Scott, Gender and the Politics of History, pp. 15-52 (S)

Supplemental

Old Regime: Society and Politics

 Daniel Roche, The People of Paris: An Essay in Popular Culture in the Eighteenth Century
Leonard Krieger, Kings and Philosophers
C. B. A. Behrens, The Ancien Regime
Jeremy Black, Eighteenth-Century Europe
Isser Woloch, The Peasantry in the Old Regime
William Doyle, The Old European Order, 1660-1800
George Rude, Europe in the Eighteenth Century
Pierre Goubert, The Ancien Regime: French Society, 1600-1750
J. H. Shennan, France before the Revolution
Olwen Hufton, Bayeux in the Late Eighteenth Century
Jeffrey Kaplow, The Names of Kins: The Parisian Laboring Poor in the Eighteenth Century

 Enlightenment

 Daniel Roche, France in the Englightenment
Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, "Women and the Enlightenment" in Renate Bridenthal, ed.,
Becoming Visible, 2nd ed., pp. 252-277
John Gagliardo, Enlightened Despotism
H. M. Scott, ed., Enlightened Absolutism: Reform and Reformers in Later Eighteenth-Century
Europe
Norman Hampson, The Enlightenment
Peter Gay, The Enlightenment: An Interpretation, 2 vols.
Robert Anchor, The Enlightenment Tradition
Margaret Jacob, Living the Enlightenment: Freemasonry and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Europe
Maurice Cranston, Philosophers and Pamphleteers: Political Theorists of the Enlightenment
Peter Gay, The Party of Humanity
John Hazard, ed., European Thought in the Eighteenth Century
 
 

Paper Topics

What was the nature and structure of Old Regime society? How did it differ from class society?
How did popular protest reflect fundamental characteristics of Old Regime society and politics?
What was the influence of Enlightenment thought on European society?

 WEEK 2: THE ORIGINS OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (September 15)

Reference Works on the French Revoluion

 Mona Ozouf and Francois Furet, eds., A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution (S)
Colin Jones, The Longman Companion to the French Revolution (S)
William Doyle, The Oxford Companion to the French Revolution (S)
Norman Hampson, A Social History of the French Revolution (S)
Norman Hampson, The French Revolution: A Concise History (S)
Georges Lefebvre, The French Revolution from its Origins to 1793 (S)
Donald Sutherland, France, 1789-1815: Revolution and Counter-Revolution (S)
William Fortescue, Revolution and Counterrevolution in France (S)
Francois Furet and Denis Richet, The French Revolution (S)
Owen Connelly, The French Revolution and Napoleonic Era (S)
Jacques Sole, Questions of the French Revolution: A Historical Overview (S)
Keith Baker, ed., The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture, vol. 1,
The Political Culture of the Old Regime (S)
Colin Lucas, ed., The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture, vol. 2,
The Political Culture of the French Revolution (S)
Francois Furet, ed., The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture, vol. 3,
The Transformation of Political Culture, 1789-1848 (S)
Keith Baker, ed., The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture, vol. 4,
The Transformation of Political Culture, 1789-1848 (S)
Francois Furet, The French Revolution, 1770-1814 (S)

Required

 General Overview

 Charles Breunig, The Age of Revolution and Reaction, pp. 1-14 (S)
William Doyle, Origins of the French Revolution, pp. 43-213 (S)

 Classic Accounts: Social and Political Perspectives

 Georges Lefebvre, The Coming of the French Revolution (S) (Skim for approach and argument)
C. E. Labrousse, "The Crisis in the French Economy at the End of the Old Regime" in Ralph
Greenlaw, ed., The Economic Origins of the French Revolution, pp. 59-72 (SB)
Colin Lucas, "Nobles, Bourgeois and the Origins of the French Revolution," Past and Present,
no. 60 (1973), pp. 84-126 (SB)
George Taylor, "Noncapitalist Wealth and the Origins of the French Revolution," American
Historical Review, vol. 72 (1967), pp. 469-496 (SB)
Lynn Hunt, "Committees and Communes: Local Politics and National Revolution in 1789,"
Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 18 (1976), pp. 321-346 (SB)
George Taylor, "Revolutionary and Nonrevolutionary Content in the Cahiers of 1789: An Interim
Report," French Historical Studies, vol. 7 (1972), pp. 479-502 (SB)
William Church, ed., The Influence of the Enlightenment on the French Revolution (Mornet
selection, pp. 109-122) (SB)

 New Approaches: Socio-Cultural Perspectives

 Roger Chartier, The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution, pp. 3-19, 67-91, 111-135, and
193-198 (S)
Keith Baker, Inventing the French Revolution, pp. 12-27, 167-199 and 203-223 (S)
Keith Baker, "The Idea of the Declaration of Rights" (B)
Robert Darnton, "The High Enlightenment and the Low Life of Literature in Pre-Revolutionary
France," Past and Present (May 1971), pp. 53-87 (SB)

Supplemental

 "Rethinking French Politics in 1788" Special issue of The Journal of Modern History, vol. 60,
no. 3, supplement (September 1988). Translations of articles from volume 1, The French
Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture (Read Furet, "The Monarch and the
Procedures for the Elections of 1789," pp. S58-S74)
Jean-Laurent Rosenthal, The Fruits of Revolution: Property Rights, Litigation and French
Agriculture
Clay Ramsay, The Ideology of the Great Fear: The Soissonnais in 1789
Jean Egret, The French Prerevolution, 1787-1788
Franklin Ford, Robe and Sword: The Regrouping of the French Aristocracy after Louis XIV
Robert Forster, The Nobility of Toulouse in the Eighteenth Century
William Doyle, "Was There an Aristocratic Reaction in Pre-Revolutionary France?" Past and
Present, no. 57 (1972)
Douglas Dakin, "The Breakdown of the Old Regime in France" in The New Cambridge Modern
History, vol. 8, The American and French Revolutions, chap. 21
J. F. Bosher, "French Administration and Public Finance in Their European Setting" in The New
Cambridge Modern History, vol. 8, The American and French Revolutions, chap. 20
J. F. Bosher, French Finances, 1770-1795
Robert Darnton, "The Encyclopedie Wars of Pre-revolutionary France," American Historical
Review, vol. 78 (Cecember 973), pp. 1331-1352
Michel Vovelle, The Fall of the French Monarchy, 1781-1792
Georges Lefebvre, The Great Fear
Jeffrey Kaplow, ed., New perspectives on the French Revolution
Roland Mousnier, The Institutions of France under the Absolute Monarchy, 1598-1789
Jacques Godechot, The Taking of the Bastille
R. R. Palmer, The Age of the Democratic Revolution
Jacques Godechot, France and the Atlantic Revolution of the Eighteenth Century, 1770-1789
Lynn Hunt, Revolution and Urban Politics in Provincial France: Troyes and Rheims, 1786-1790
William Doyle, "The Parlements of France and the Breakdown of the Old Regime," French
Historical Studies, vol. 6 (1970)
William Doyle, The Parlement of Bordeaux, 1771-1790
Guy Chaussinand-Nogaret, The French Nobility in the Eighteenth Century
R. D. Harris, "French Finances and the American War, 1777-1783," Journal of Modern History,
vol. 48 (1976)
Robert Darnton, The Business of Enlightenment: A Publishing History of the Encyclopedie,
1775-1800
Robert Darnton, The Literary Underground of the Old Regime
Peter Jones, The Peasantry in the French Revolution
Hilton Root, "The Case Against Georges Lefebvre's Peasant Revolution," History Workshop
Journal, no. 28 (August 1989), pp. 88-110
Ted Margadant, Urban Rivalries in the French Revolution
John McManners, The French Revolution and the Church
Jeffrey Merrick, The Desacralization of the French Monarchy in the Eighteenth Century
Timothy Tackett, Priest and Parish in Eighteenth Century France
John McManners, French Ecclesiastical Society under the Ancien Regime
Florin Aftalion, The French Revolution: An Economic Interpretation
Colin Lucas, "The Crowd and Politics between Ancien Regime and Revolution in France," Journal
of Modern History, vol. 60, no. 3 (1988), pp. 421-457
John Markoff, "Peasant Grievances and Peasant Insurrection: France in 1789," Journal of
Modern History, vol. 62, no. 3 (1990), pp. 445-476
Gail Bossenga, The Politics of Privilege: Old Regime and Revolution in Lille
P. M. Jones, Reform and Revolution in France: The Politics of Transition, 1774-1789

Paper Topics

 What was the crisis of the Old Regime and why couldn't the monarchy survive?
What happened in 1789?
 
 
 

WEEK 3: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND HISTORIANS (September 22)

Required

 General Overview

William Doyle, Origins of the French Revolution, pp. 7-40 (S)
Lynn Hunt, Politics, Culture, and Class in the French Revolution, pp. 1-16 (S)
Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (Selection) (B)
Keith Baker, Inventing the French Revolution, pp. 1-11 (SB)

 The Marxist Approach

 Albert Soboul, "The Social and Economic Character of the French Revolution: Its Relevance in the
Modern World" in Ralph Greenlaw, ed., The Social Origins of the French Revolution, pp.
16-29 (SB)
Claude Mazauric, "The French Revolution: A Bourgeois Revolution" in Ralph Greenlaw, ed.,
The Social Origins of the French Revolution, pp. 30-58 (SB)
Eric Hobsbawm, "The Making of a Bourgeois Revolution (B)

Critiques of the Marxist Interpretation and Responses

 Alfred Cobban, The Social Interpretation of the French Revolution (skip chap. 11) (S)
Francois Furet, "The Revolutionary Catechism" in Furet, Interpreting the French Revolution,
pp. 81-131 (SB)
Alfred Cobban, "How Revolutionary was the Revolution?" (B)
Robert Darnton, "What was Revolutionary about the French Revolution?" (B)
Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (B) selection
William H. Sewell, Jr., "A Rhetoric of Bourgeois Revolution" (B)
Colin Jones, "Bourgeois Revolution Revivified: 1789 and Social Change" (B)
Timothy Tackett, "Nobles and the Third Estate in the Revolutionary Dynamic of the National
Assembly, 1789-90" (Suggested; read for argument) (B)

 Structural Explanations

Theda Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions, pp. 3-43 (skim), 47-67, 109-128, and 161-186 (S)
Alexis de Tocqueville, The Old Regime and the French Revolution (S)

Review Essays on Recent Scholarship

 Sarah Maza, "Politics, Culture, and the Origins of the French Revolution," Journal of Modern
History, vol. 61 (December 1989), pp. 704-723 (SB)
David Gress, "Demystifying the French Revolution" (B)
Jack Censer, "The Coming of a New Interpretation of the French Revolution?" Journal of Social
History, vol. 21, no. 2 (Winter 1987), pp. 295-309 (SB)
Isser Woloch, "On the Latent Illiberalism of the French Revolution," American Historical
Review, vol. 95, no. 5 (1990), pp. 1452-1470 (S)
 

Paper Topics

 The Classic Historiography of 1789: For and Against
Alternative Structural Interpretations: Tocqueville and Skocpol
Has a New Consensus Emerged?
WEEK 4: THE SLIDE INTO TERROR AND THE NAPOLEONIC OUTCOME
(September 29)

Required

 General Overview

 Charles Breunig, The Age of Revolution and Reaction, 1789-1850, pp. 15-114 (Skip section on
Napoleonic Wars)
D. G. Wright, Revolution and Terror in France, 1789-1795, pp. 44-139 (S)
Bonnie Smith, Changing Lives, pp. 107-131 (SB)
Lynn Hunt, Politics, Culture, and Class in the French Revolution (S)
Lynn Hunt, et al., "The Failure of the Liberal Republic in France," Journal of Modern History,
vol. 51 (December 1979), pp. 734-759 (SB)
Claude Petitfrere, "The Origins of the Civil War in the Vendee" (B)

 The Terror as a Historical Problem

 Albert Soboul, The Parisian Sans-Culottes and the French Revolution (Selections) (S)
Alfred Cobban, The Social Interpretation of the French Revolution, chap. 11 (S)
Francois Furet, "The Revolution is Over" in Furet, Interpreting the French Revolution,
pp. 1-80 (SB)
Francois Furet, "Terror" (B)
Frank Kafker and James Laux, eds., The French Revolution: Conflicting Interpretations
("Why Terror in 1793-1794?") (SB)
Martyn Lyons, "The 9 Thermidor: Motives and Effects" (B)

 The Structuralist Approach

 Theda Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions, pp. 187-205 and 284-293 (S)

 The Napoleonic Legacy

 Robert Holtman, The Napoleonic Revolution, chap. 10 (S)

 If You Have Time

 Colin Lucas, ed., Rewriting the French Revolution
Patrice Higgonet, Goodness Beyond Virtue: Jacobins During the French Revolution
Lynn Hunt, The Family Romance of the French Revolution
William Sewell, "Ideologies and Social Revolutions: Reflections on the French Case," Journal
of Modern History, vol. 57, no. 1 (1985), pp. 57-85 and Response by Theda Skocpol
Lynn Hunt, The Family Romance of the French Revolution
Ferenc Feher, ed., The French Revolution and the Birth of Modernity (Charles Tilly, "State and
Counterrevolution in France," Patrice Higonnet, "Cultural Upheaval and Class Formation
During the French Revolution," Ferenc Feher, "The Cult of the Supreme Being and the Limits
of the Secularization of the Political"
Timothy Tackett, "The West in France in 1789: The Religious Factor in the Origins of the
Counterrevolution," Journal of Modern History, vol. 54, no. 4 (1982), pp. 715-745
Mona Ozouf, "War and Terror in French Revolutionary Discourse (1792-1794)," Journal of
Modern History, vol. 56, no. 4 (1984), pp. 579-597
Suzanne Desan, Rethinking the Sacred: Lay Religion and Popular Politics in Revolutionary
France
Suzanne Desan, "Redefining Revolutionary Liberty: The Rhetoric of Religious Revival during the
French Revolution," Journal of Modern History, vol. 60, no. 3 (1988), pp. 1-27
 

Supplemental

 Marc Bouloiseau, The Jacobin Republic, 1792-1794
Charles Tilly, The Vendee
Gyn Williams, Artisans and Sans-Culottes: Popular Movements in France and Britain During the
French Revolution
Simon Schama, Citizens
Martin Lyons, France under the Directory
Denis Woronoff, The Thermidorian Regime and the Directory, 1794-1799
Georeges Lefebvre, The Thermidorians and the Directory, pp. 239-458
Georges Lefebvre, The French Revolution: From 1793-1799
Richard Cobb, The Police and the People, pp. 118-211
R. R. Palmer, Twelve Who Ruled
Emmet Kennedy, A Cultural History of the French Revolution
George Rude, ed., Robespierre
R. B. Rose, The Enrages: Socialists of the French Revolution
Norman Hampson, Danton
Norman Hampson, Prelude to Terror: The Constituent Assembly and the Failure of Consensus,
1789-1791
Norman Hampson, The Life and Opinions of Maximilian Robespierre
Norman Hampson, Saint-Just
Patrice Higonnet, Class, Ideology and the Rights of Nobles during the French Revolution
J. L. Talmon, The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy
J. M. Thompson, Robespierre and the French Revolution
Alison Patrick, "The Second Estate in the Constituent Assembly, 1789-1791," The Journal of
Modern History, vol. 62, no. 1 (1990), pp. 223-252
David Jordan, The King's Trial: Louis XVI vs. the French Revolution
M. J. Sydenham, The Girondins
M. J. Sydenham, The First French Republic, 1792-1804
Jean-Paul Bertraud, The Army of the French Revolution
Richard Cobb, The People's Armies
Richard Cobb, Reactions to the French Revolution
Crane Brinton, The Jacobins
T. C. W. Blanning, The Origins of the French Revolutionary Wars
Isser Woloch, Jacobin Legacy: The Democratic Movement under the Directory
R. S. Alexander, Bonapartism and Revolutionary Tradition in France: The Federes of 1815
Jacques Godechot, The Counter-Revolution, 1789-1804
James Roberts, The Counter-Revolution in France, 1787-1830
Noel Parker, Portrayals of Revolution: Images, Debates and Patterns of Thought on the French
Revolution
Donald Sutherland, The Chouans: The Social Origins of Popular Counter-Revolutio in Upper
Brittany
David Hunt, "Peasant Politics in the French Revolution," Social History, vol. 9 (1984), pp. 277-
297
G. Lewis, The Second Vendee: The Continuity of Counter-Revolution in the Department of the
Gard, 1789-1815
Stanley Loomis, Paris in the Terror
Alan Forrest, The Soldiers of the French Revolution
Alan Forrest, Conscripts and Deserters: The Army and French Society during the Revolution and
Empire
Michael Hunt, The Midi in Revolution, 1789-1793
Colin Lucas, "The Problem of the Midi in the French Revolution," Transactions of the Royal
Historical Society, 5th series, vol. 28 (1978), ppp. 1-25
Paul Hanson, Provincial Politics in the French Revolution: Caen and Limoges, 1789-1794
Harvey Mitchell, "The Vendee and Counter-Revolution," French Historical Studies vol. 5 (1968)
Donald Sutherland, "The Social Origins of Counter-Revolution in Western France," Past and
Present, no. 99 (1983), pp. 65-87
Alison Patrick, The Men of the First French Republic: Political Alignments in the National
Convention of 1792
R. Rose, The Making of the Sans Culottes: Democratic Ideas and Institutions in Paris, 1789-1792
Morris Slavin, The French Revolution in Miniature: Section Droits-des-Hommes, 1789-1795
Alan Forrest, Society and Politics in Revolutionary Bordeaux
Morris Slavin, The Making of an Insurrection
Timothy Tackett, Religion, Revolution, and Regional Culture in Eighteenth-Century France: The
Ecclesiastical Oath of 1791
William Scott, Terror and Repression in Revolutioary Marseilles
Mona Ozouf, Festivals and Revolution, 1789-1799
Peter Jones, Politics and Rural Society: The Southern Massif Central, 1750-1880
D. Greer, The Incidence of Terror in the French Revolution
Colin Lucas, The Structure of the Terror
Carla Hesse, Publishing and Cultural Politics in Revolutionary Paris, 1789-1810
Emily de Montluzin, The Anti-Jacobins, 1798-1800
William Edmonds, Jacobinism and the Revolt of Lyon
Robert Forster, "The Survival of the Nobility During the French Revolution," Past and Present,
no. 37 (1967), pp. 71-86 and Thomas Beck, "The French Revolution and the Nobility: A
Reconsideration," Journal of Social History, vol. 15, no. 2 (1981), pp. 219-234
Michael Kennedy, The Jacobin Club of Marseilles, 1790-94
Michael Kennedy, The Jacobin Clubs in the French Revolution

 Napoleon

 Alan Schom, Napoleon Bonaparte: A Life
Georges Lefebvre, Napoleon, 2 vols.
Roger Dufraisse, Napoleon
Vincent Cronin, Napoleon Bonaparte
Herold Christopher, ed., The Mind of Napoleon
Felix Markham, Napoleon and the Awakening of Europe
Felix Markham, Napoleon
Louis Bergeron, France under Napoleon
Vincent Cronin, Napoleon Bonaparte
Herbert Butterfield, Napoleon

Paper Topics

 The Radicalization of the Revolution: Popular Radicalism, the Terror, and the Collapse of Liberal
Democracy
Napoleon: Child of the Revolution?
Putting It All Together: The Revolutionary Legacy

 WEEK 5: THE IMPACT OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: ARTISANS AND
PROLETARIANIZATION (October 6)

 Required

 Industrialization

 Tom Kemp, Industrialization in Nineteenth-Century Europe, pp. 1--118 (SB)
or
Peter Stearns, The Industrial Revolution in World History, pp. 1-48 and 55-70 (S)
William Reddy, "The Concept of Class" in Michael Bush, ed., Social Orders and Social Classes
in Europe Since 1500, pp. 13-25 (S)
Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, pp. 5-30 (SB)
Raphael Samuel, "The Workshop of the World: Steam Power and Hand Technology in Mid-
Victorian Britain," History Workshop Journal, vol. 3 (1977), pp. 6-72 (Skim) (SB)
E. P. Thompson, "Time, Work-Discipline and Industrial Capitalism," Past and Present, no. 38
(December 1967), pp. 56-97 (skim) (SB)
Patrick Joyce, "In Pursuit of Class: Recent Studies in the History of Work and Class," History
Workshop Journal, vol. 25 (1988) (S)
Harold Perkins, "The Social Causes of the Industrial Revolution" (B)

 Workers and Politics in the Age of Industrialization

 E. P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class, pp. 9-14, 189-212, 234-268,
315-349, and 521-552 (S)
Iowerth Prothero, Radical Artisans in England and France, 1830-1870, pp. 1-7, 22-45, 175-201,
and 312-317 (SB)
William Sewell, Work and Revolution in France: The Language of Labor in the Old Regime to
1848 (skip chaps. 11 and 12) (S)
Christopher Johnson, "Economic Change and Artisan Discontent: The Tailors' History,
1800-1848" (B)
Werner Conze, "From `Pobel' to `Proletariat'," in Georg Iggers, ed., The Social History of
Politics, pp. 49-80 (SB)
Ronald Aminzade, Class, Politics, and Early Industrial Capitalism, pp. 1-45 and 69-95 (SB)
Albert Lindemann, A History of European Socialism, pp. 37-130 (Skim) (S)
William Sewell, "Uneven Development, the Autonomy of Politics and the Radicalization of
Workers" (B)

If You Have Time

 Workers and Politics in the Age of Industrialiation

 William Sewell, "Artisans, Factory Workers, and the Formation of the French Working Class,
1789-1848" in Ira Katznelson and Aristide Zolberg, eds., Working-Class Formation,
pp. 45-70 (SB)
William Sewell, "Property, Labor, and the Emergence of Socialism in France, 1789-1848" in
John Merriman, ed., Consciousness and Class Experience in Nineteenth-Century Europe, pp.
45-64 (SB)
Bernard Moss, The Origins of the French Labor Movement, pp. 1-48 (S)
Lynn Hunt and George Sheridan, "Corporatism, Association, and the Language of Labor in
France, 1750-1850," Journal of Modern History, vol. 58, no. 4 (1986), pp. 813-844 (S)
Lenard Berlanstein, "Working with Language: The Linguistic Turn in French Labor History:
A Review Article," Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 33 (1991),
pp. 426-440 (S)
Jurgen Kocka, "Problems of Working-Class Formation in Germany: The Early Years, 1800-
1875" in Ira Katznelson and Aristide Zolberg, eds., Working-Class Formation,
pp. 279-351 (SB)
R. J. Morris, Class and Class Consciousness in the Industrial Revolution, 1780-1850 (Useful for
historiographical overview) (S)

 Industrialization

 David Landes, The Unbound Prometheus, pp. 1-230(S)
E. J. Hobsbawm, Industry and Empire, preface and pp. 1-87 (SB)
Arnold Toynbee, "The Classical Definition of the Industrial Revolution" in Philip Taylor, ed.,
The Industrial Revolution in England: Triumph or Disaster?, pp. 1-5 (B)
Rondo Cameron, "A New View of European Industrialization," Economic History Review,
second series, vol 38 (1985), pp. 1-23 (S)
N. F. R. Crafts, "Industrial Revolution in England and France: Some Thoughts on the Question
`Why was England First?'," Economic History Review, second series, vol. 30 (1970), pp.
429-441 (S)

Supplemental

 Industrialization

 Joel Mokyr, ed., The Economics of the Industrial Revolution
R. M. Hartwell, "The Causes of the Industrial Revolution: An Essay in Methodology" in R. M.
Hartwell, ed., The Causes of the Industrial Revolution in England,
Walt Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth, chaps. 1-5
Phyllis Deane, The First Industrial Revolution
W. O. Henderson, The Rise of German Industrial Power, pp. 1-170
T. S. Ashton, The Industrial Revolution, 1760-1830
Clive Trebilcock, The Industrialization of the Continental Powers
Martin Kitchen, The Political Economy of Germany, 1815-1914
E. L. Jones, "Agricultural Origins of Industry," Past and Present, no. 40 (July 1968), pp. 58-71
J. Shmookler, Invention and Economic Growth
Robert Forster, "Obstacles to Agricultural Growth in Eighteenth-Century France," American
Historical Review, vol. 75 (1970), pp. 1600-1615
Rondo Cameron, ed., Essays in French Economic History
E. L. Jones, Agriculture and Economic Growth in England, 1600-1815
Michel Morineau, "Was There an Agricultural Revolution in Eighteenth-Century France?"
in Rondo Cameron, ed., Essays in French Economic History, pp 170-182
Wofram Fischer, "Government Activity and Industrialization in Germany (1815-1870)" in Walt
Rostow, ed., The Economics of Take-off into Sustained Growth
Walt Rostow, ed., The Economics of Take-off into Sustained Growth
Sidney Pollard, Peaceful Conquest: The Industrialization of Europe, 1760-1970
Philip Taylor, ed., The Industrial Revolution in Britain: Triumph or Disaster?
Paul Bairoch, "Agriculture and the Industrial Revolution, 1700-1914" in The Fontana Economic
History of Europe, vol. 3, chap. 8
Maxine Berg, The Age of Manufactures

Proto-Industrialization

 Franklin Mendels, "Proto-Industrialization: The First Phase of the Industrialization Process,"
Journal of Economic History, vol. 32, no. 1 (March 1972), pp. 241-261
Gay Gullickson, "The Sexual Division of Labor in Cottage Industry and Agriculture in the
Pays de Caux," French Historical Studies, vol. 12 (1981-1982), pp. 177-199
Gay Gullickson, Spinners and Weavers of Auffay
Gay Gullickson, "Agriculture and Cottage Industry: Redefining the Causes of Proto-Industriali-
zation," Journal of Economic History, vol. 43 (1983), pp. 831-850
Rab Houston and K. D. M. Snell, "Historiographical Review: Proto-Industrialization? Cottage
Industry, Social Change and Industrial Revolution," Historical Journal, vol. 27 (1984),
pp. 473-492
Pat Hudson, "Proto-industrialisation: The Case of the West Riding Wool Textile Industry in the
Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries," History Workshop Journal, no. 12 (1981), pp.
34-61
L. A. Clarkson, Proto-Industrialization: The First Phase of Industrialization?
D. C. Coleman, "Proto-Industrialization: A Concept Too Many," Economic History Review,
second series, vol. 36 (1983), pp. 435-448
E. Schremmer, "Proto-Industrialization--A Step Towards Industrialization?," Journal of
European Economic History, vol. 32 (1972)
H. Medick, "The Proto-Industrial Family Economy," Social History, vol. 1 (October 1976)
pp. 291-315
S. Rose, "Proto-Industry, Women's Work, and the Household Economy in the Transition to
Industrial Capitalism," Journal of Family History, vol. 13 (1988), pp. 181-194

 Workers and Politics in the Age of Industrialization

 L. D. Schwarz, London in the Age of Industrialization: Entrepreneurs, Labour Force and Living
Conditions, 1700-1850
Theodore Koditschek, Class Formation and Urban-Industrial Society: Bradford, 1750-1850
Thomas Bender, Community and Social Change in American, chap. 1
William Sewell, "How Classes are Made: Critical Reflections on E. P. Thompson's Theory of
Working-Class Formation" in Harvey Kaye and Keith McClelland, eds., E. P. Thompson:
Critical Perspectives, pp. 50-77
Jurgen Kocka, "Craft Traditions and the Labour Movement in Ninteenth-Century Germany" in
Pat Thane, ed., The Power of the Past, pp. 95-118
John Merriman, The Margins of City Life: Explorations of the French Urban Frontier, 1815-1851
Sidney Pollard, "Factory Discipline in the Industrial Revolution," Economic History Review,
second series, vol. 16, no. 2 (1963), pp. 254-271
Neil McKendrick, "Josiah Wedgwood and Factory Discipline," Historical Journal, vol. 4, no. 1
(1961), pp. 30-55
Eric Hobsbawm, "The British Standard of Living, 1790-1850," Economic History Review, vol.
10 (August 1957), pp. 46-68
R. M. Hartwell, "The Rising Standard of Living in England, 1800-1850," Economic History
Review, vol. 13 (April 1961), pp. 397-416
L. D. Schwarz, London in the Age of Industrialization
Roger Magraw, History of the French Working Class, vol. 1, 1830-1870
Ivy Pinchbeck, Women Workers and the Industrial Revolution
David Levine, ed, Proletarianization and Family History
Friedrich Engels, The Condition of the Working Class in England
William Sewell, "Social Change and the Rise of Working-Class Politics in Nineteenth-Century
Marseille" Past and Present, no. 65 (1974), pp. 75-109
Elinor Accampo, Industrialization, Family Life, and Class Relations
John Foster, Class Struggle and the Industrial Revolution: Early Industrial Capitalism in Three
English Towns
R. S. Neale, Class and Ideology in the Nineteenth Century
Peter Laslett, The World We Have Lost
R. Malcolmson, Life and Labour in England, 1700-1780
John Rule, The Labouring Classes in Early Industrial England, 1750-1850
Christopher Johnson, Utopian Communism in France
Louis Chevalier, Laboring Classes and Dangerous Classes in Paris During the First Half of the
Nineteenth Century
John Merriman, ed., Consciousness and Class Experience in Nineteenth-Century Europe
Asa Briggs, "The Language of `Class' in Early Nineteenth-Century England" in M. W. Flinn and
T. C. Smout, eds., Essays in Social History, pp. 154-177
Peter Stearns and Daniel Walkowitz, eds., Workers in the Industrial Revolution
Malcolm Thomis, The Luddites: Machine-Breaking in Regency England
Eric Hobsbawm, "The Machine Breakers" in Eric Hobsbawm, Labouring Men
Robert Bezucha, The Lyon Uprising of 1834: Social and Political Conflict in the Early July
Monarchy
Katherine Lynch, Family, Class, and Ideology in Early Industrial France: Social Policy and the
Working-Class Family, 1825-1848
Wolfram Fischer, "Social Tensions at Early Stages of Industrialization," Comparative Studies in
Society and History, vol. 9 (1966), pp. 64-83
Rudolf Braun, Industrialism and Everyday Life
Laura Levine Frader, Peasants and Protests: Agricultural Workers, Politics and Unions in the Aude
Gay Gullickson, Spinners and Weavers of Auffay
Laura Strumhinger, Women and the Making of the Working Class: Lyon, 1830-1870
Mary Lynn Stewart-Douglas, The Artisan Republic: Revolution, Reaction, and Resistance in
Lyon, 1848-1851
Barrington Moore, Jr., Injustice: The Social Bases of Obedience and Revolt (Section on 1848)
John Belchem, Industrialization and the Working Class: The English Experience, 1750-1900
Patrick Joyce, Visions of the People: Industrial England and the Question of Class, 1848-1914
Patrick Joyce, Work, Society and Politics: The Culture of the Factory in Later Victorian England
Craig Calhoun, The Question of Class Struggle
D. G. Wright, Popular Radicalism: The Working-Class Experience, 1780-1880
Clark Nardinelli, Child Labor and the Industrial Revolution
William Reddy, The Rise of Market Culture: The Textile Trade and French Society, 1750-1900
Michael Sonnenscher, Work and Wages: Natural Law, Politics, and the Eighteenth-Century
French Trades
Jacques Ranciere, The Nights of Labor: The Workers' Dream in Nineteenth-Century France
Michael Hanagan, Nascent Proletarians: Class Formation in Post-Revolutionary France
Gareth Stedman Jones, Languages of Class: Studies in English Working Class History
Mark Traugott, ed., The French Worker: Autobiographies from the Early Industrial Era
 

Paper Topics

 Proletarianization and Workers' Politics
Explaining the Industrial Revolution

 WEEK 6: LORDS AND PEASANTS DURING THE NINTEENTH CENTURY
(October 20)
Required

 General Overview

 Jerome Blum, The End of the Old Order in Europe , selected chapters (S)
James Sheehan, German History, pp.72-143, 470-484 and 504-523 (S)
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, pp. 180-201 (S)
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital, pp. 173-192 (S)

 Aristocrats and Politics

 F. L. Carsten, A History of the Prussian Junkers, pp. 1-99 (SB)
Hanna Schissler, "The Junkers: Notes on the Social and Historical Significance of the Agrarian
Elite in Prussia" (B)
David Spring, ed., European Landed Elites in the Ninteenth Century (S)
Hans Rosenberg, "The Pseudo-Democratization of the Junker Class" in Georg Iggers, ed.,
The Social History of Politics, pp. 81-112 (SB)

 Peasants and Politics

 Jerome Blum, "The Condition of the European Peasantry on the Eve of Emancipation," Journal of
Modern History, vol. 46, no. 3 (1974), pp. 395-424 (S)
William Hagen, "The Junkers' Faithless Servants: Peasant Insubordination and the Breakdown of
Serfdom in Brandenburg-Prussia, 1763-1811" in Richard Evans and W. R. Lees, eds., The
German Peasantry, pp. 71-101 (SB)

Supplemental

 Aristocracy

 Robert Berdahl, The Politics of the Prussian Nobility: The Development of a Conservative
Ideology, 1770-1848
Michael Bush, Noble Privilege
Michael Bush, Rich Noble, Poor Noble
Michael Bush, The English Aristocracy
Gordon Mingay, English Landed Society in the Eighteenth Century
F. Thompson, English Landed Society in the Nineteenth Century
Gordon Mingay, The Gentry
Philip Mansel, The Court of France, 1789-1830
Larry Jones, ed., Between Reform, Reaction and Resistance: Studies in the History of German
Conservatism from 1789 to 1945
Shearer Bowman, Masters and Lords: Mid-Nineteenth Century US Planters and Prussian Junkers
D. C. B. Lieven, The Aristocracy in Europe, 1815-1914
Eric Hobsbawm, Captain Swing

The Peasantry

 Hartmut Harnisch, "Peasants and Markets: The Background to the Agrarian Reforms in Feudal
Prussia East of the Elbe, 1760-1807" in Richard Evans and W. R. Lee, eds., The German
Peasantry, pp. 37-70
Jean-Laurent Rosenthal, The Fruits of Revolution: Property Rights, Litigation and French
Agriculture, 1700-1860
Annie Moulin, Peasantry and Society in France since 1789
Pierre Goubert, The French Peasantry in the Seventeenth Century
Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie, The French Peasantry, 1450-1650
Pamela Horn, The Rural World, 1780-1850: Social Change in the English Countryside
Gordon Mingay, Rural Life in Victorian England
Isser Woloch, ed., The Peasantry in the Old Regime

Paper Topics

 Persistence of the Old Regime? The Changing World of the Peasantry and Aristocracy
Embourgeoisement of the Aristocracy?

 WEEK 6: THE BOURGEOIS WORLD (October 20)

Required

 Bourgeois Europe: Politics and Economics

 James Sheehan, German History, 1770-1866, pp. 524-542 and 794-802 (S)
Pamela Pilbeam, The Middle Classes in Europe, 1789-1914, chaps. 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9,
and concl. (S)
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, pp. 218-237 (S)
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital, pp. 230-250 and 303-308 (S)
Lenore O'Boyle, "The Middle Class in Western Europe, 1815-1848," American Historical
Review, vol. 71, no. 3 (1966) (S)
David Blackbourn, "The German Bourgeoisie: An Introduction" in David Blackbourn and Richard
Richard Evans, eds., The German Bourgeoisie, pp. 1-46 (Skim) (SB)
John Merriman, "Restoration Town, Bourgeois City: Changing Urban Politics in Industrializing
Limoges," in John Merriman, ed, French Cities in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 42-71 (S)
Jurgen Kocka, Bourgeois Society in Nineteenth-Century Europe, pp. 3-32, 40-65, 70-100, and
273-298 (S)

 Bourgeois Europe: Life and Culture

 Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary (Suggested)
Bonnie Smith, Changing Lives, pp. 181-207 (SB)
Lynn Hunt and Catherine Hall, "The Curtain Rises" in Michelle Perrot, ed., A History of Private
Life, vol. 4, From the Fires of Revolution to the Great War, pp. 9-92 (S)
Michelle Perrot and Anne Martin-Fugier, "The Actors" in Michelle Perrot, ed., A History of
Private Life, vol. 4, From the Fires of Revolution to the Great War, pp. 95-337 (esp. pp. 261-
337) (S)
Richard Evans, "Family and Class in the Hamburg Grand Bourgeoisie, 1815-1914" in David
Blackbourn and Richard Evans, eds., The German Bourgeoisie, pp. 115-139 (SB)

Supplemental

 R. J. Morris, Class, Sect and Party: The Making of the British Middle Class, Leeds, 1820-1850
Catherine Hall and Leonore Davidoff, Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle
Class, 1780-1850
Bonnie Smith, Ladies of the Leisure Class: The Bourgeoises of Northern France in the Nineteenth
Century
Peter Gay, The Bourgeois Experience, vol. 1, Education of the Senses and vol. 2, The Tender
Passion
Jurgen Kocka, ed., Bourgeois Society in Ninteenth-Century Europe
Whitney Walton, France at the Crystal Palace: Bourgeois Tast and Artisan Manufacture in the
Nineteenth Century
Jerrold Seigel, Bohemian Paris: Culture, Politics, and the Boundaries of Bourgeois Life, 1830-
1930, pp. 1-180 (S)

 Paper Topics

 The Rise of the Bourgeoisie: Myth or Reality
WEEK 7: LIBERALISM AND NATIONALISM IN GERMANY BEFORE 1848
(October 27)

Reference Works on Germany

John Gagliardo, Germany Under the Old Regime, 1600-1792
John Gagliardo, Reich and Nation: The Holy Roman Empire as Idea and Reality, 1763-1806
Thomas Nipperdey, Germany from Napoleon to Bismarck
James Sheehan, German History, 1770-1866, part one
David Blackbourn, The Long Nineteenth Century: A History of Germany, 1780-1918
Eda Sagarra, An Introduction to Nineteenth Century Germany
Golo Mann, The History of Germany Since 1789

Required

 General Overview

 Charles Breunig, The Age of Revolution and Reaction, 1789-1850, pp. 121-179, 180-204 and
216-238 (S)

 Nationalism

 Ernest Renan, "What is a Nation?" (B)
Mazzini, "Mazzini's Conversion to Nationalism," On the Duties to Country," To the Young Men
of Italy," and "Young Italy" (B)
Eric Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism Since 1780, pp. 1-100 (Skim) (S)
Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities, chaps. 1-2 (S)
 

Germany: Nationalism and Liberalism

 James Sheehan, "What is German History?" Journal of Modern History, vol. 53, no. 1 (1981),
pp. 1-24 (SB)
Theodore Hamerow, Restoration, Revolution, and Reaction: Economics and Politics in Germany,
1815-1871, pp. 3-93 (SB)
James Sheehan, German History, 1770-1866, pp. 371- 388, 451-523, and 588-654 (S)
David Blackbourn, The Long Nineteenth Century: A History of Germany, 1780-1918, pp. 70-137
James Sheehan, German Liberalism in the Ninteenth Century, pp. 5-48 (SB)
Robert Berdahl, "New Thoughts on German Nationalism," American Historical Review, vol.
77 (February 1972), pp. 65-86 (SB)
James Sheehan, "Liberalism and Society in Germany, 1815-1848," Journal of Modern History,
vol. 45 (December 1973), pp. 583-604 (SB)
Klaus Epstein, The Genesis of German Conservatism, pp. 3-84 (Skim 29-84) (S)
Michael Hughes, Nationalism and Society: Germany, 1800-1945, pp. 1-100 (Skim, but pay close
attention to introduction) (S)

 Nationalism in France

 Brian Jenkins, ed., Nationalism in France: Class and Nation Since 1789, pp. 1-55 (S)

Supplemental

 General Treatments of Nationalism

 Louis Snyder, Encyclopedia of Nationalism
Anthony Smith, "Nationalism: A Trend Report and Bibliography," Current Sociology, vol. 21
(1973), pp. 7-46
Anthony Smith, Theories of Nationalism
Anthony Smith, The Ethnic Origins of Nations
Boyd Shafer, Faces of Nationalism, chaps. 1-9
Hans Kohn, Nationalism: Its Meaning and History
Carlton Hayes, Nationalism
Carlton Hayes, The Historical Evolution of Modern Nationalism
Charles Tilly, ed., The Formation of National States in Western Europe
Louis Snyder, The Meaning of Nationalism
Louis Snyder, Varieties of Nationalism
Eugene Kamenka, ed., Nationalism: The Nature and Evolution of an Idea
Ernst Gellner, Nations and Nationalism
John Armstrong, Nations before Nationalism
John Breuilly, Nationalism and the State
Hans Kohn, Prelude to Nation-States: The French and German Experiences, 1789-1815
Hans Kohn, The Idea of Nationalism
Hans Kohn, The Age of Nationalism
Hugh Seton-Watson, Nations and States
Boyd Shafer, Nationalism: Myth and Reality
Richard Rocker, Nationalism and Culture
Elie Kedourie, Nationalism
Karl Deutsch, ed., Natonalism and National Development: An Interdisciplinary Bibliography
Louis Snyder, ed., The Dynamics of Nationalism: Readings in its Meaning and Development
Karl Deutsch, Nationalism and Social Communication
Nicholas Riasanovsky, The Emergence of Romanticism
Liah Greenfeld, Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity

 Germany before 1848

 Konrad Jarausch and Larry Jones, eds., In Search of Liberal Germany: Studies in the History of
German Liberalism from 1789 to the Present
Mack Walker, German Home Towns: Community, State and General Estate, 1648-1871
George Mosse, The Nationalization of the Masses: Political Symbolism and Mass Movements
in Germany from the Napoleonic Wars Through the Third Reich
Hagen Schulze, The Course of German Nationalism: From Frederick the Great to Bismarck
Robert Berdahl, The Politics of the Prussian Nobility: The Development of a Conservative
Ideology, 1770-1848
Walter Simon, The Failure of the Prussian Reform Movement
Hermann Beck, "The Social Policies of Prussian Officials: The Bureaucracy in a New Light,"
Journal of Modern History, vol. 64, no. 2 (1992), pp. 263-298
Carole Fink, ed., German Nationalism and the European Response
John Gagliardo, From Pariah to Patriot: The Changing Image of the German Peasant
Hans Rosenberg, Bureaucracy, Aristocracy and Autocracy
Leonard Krieger, The German Idea of Freedom
Eugene Anderson, Nationalism and the Cultural Crisis in Germany
Friedrich Meinicke, The Age of German Liberation, 1795-1815
John Gillis, The Prussian Bureaucracy in Crisis, 1840-1860: Origins of an Administrative Elite
Louis Snyder, Roots of German Nationalism
Louis Snyder, German Nationalism: The Tragedy of a People

France beween 1815 and 1848: Restoration and the July Monarchy

 Pamela Pilbeam, The 1830 Revolution in France
John Steward, The Restoration Era in France, 1814-1830
Andre Jardin and Andre-Jean Tudesq, Restoration and Reaction, 1815-1848
John Merriman, ed., 1830 in France
David Pinkney, The French Revolution of 1830
Emmanuel Todd, The Making of Modern France: Politics, Ideology and Culture
David Pinkney, "The Crowd in the French Revolution of 1830," American Historical Review, vol.
70 (October 1964), pp. 1-17
Guillaume de Bertier de Sauvigny, The Bourbon Restoration
H. A. C. Collingham, The July Monarchy: A Political History of France, 1830-1848
Paul Beik, Louis Philippe and the July Monarchy
Maurice Agulhon, The Republic in the Village: The People of the Var from the French Revolution
to the Second Republic
Maurice Agulhon, Marianne into Battle: Republican Imagery and Symbolism in France, 1789-
1880
Gordon Wright, France in Modern Times (Relevant sections)
Roger MacGraw, France, 1815-1914: The Bourgeois Century (Relevant sections)

Paper Topics

 What is Germany? The Problem of Nationalism and Liberalism before 1848
Restoration France and the Bourgeois Monarchy

WEEK 8: THE REVOLUTIONS OF 1848 (November 3)

Required

 General Overview

 Jonathan Sperber, The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 (S)
Peter Stearns, The Revolutionary Tide in Europe (S)
Roger Price, The Revolutions of 1848 (S)
Theory and Society, vol. 12, no. 4 (1983) (Selections by Stedman Jones,
Traugott and Bezucha) (SB)

France

 Ronald Aminzade, Class, Politics and Early Industrial Capitalism, pp. 97-191 (S)
William Sewell, Work and Revolution in France, pp. 243-284 (SB)

 Germany

 Theodore Hamerow, "The German Artisan Movement, 1848-49," Journal of Central
European Affairs, vol. 21, no. 2 (1961), pp. 135-162 (SB)
James Sheehan, German Liberalism in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 49-76 (SB)
F. L. Carsten, A History of the Prussian Junkers, pp. 100-114 (S)
Jonathan Sperber, Rhineland Radicals, introduction and conclusion (S)

If You Have Time

 William Sewell, "Collective Violence and Collective Loyalties in France: Why the French
Revolution Made a Difference?," Politics and Society, vol. 18, no. 4 (1990), pp. 527-552 (S)
Karl Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon (B)
E. Labrousse, "1848-1830-1789: How Revolutions are Born" in F. Crouzet, ed., Essays in
European Economic History, pp. 1-14 (B)
T. J. Clark, The Absolute Bourgeois: Art and Politics, 1848-1851, pp. 1-30 (S)

Supplemental

 General Overviews

 Priscilla Robertson, Revolutions of 1848: A Social History
William Langer, Political and Social Upheaval, 1832-1851
William Langer, "The Pattern of Urban Revolution in 1848" in Evelyn Acomb and Marvin Brown,
eds., French Society and Culture Since the Old Regime

 France

 John Merriman, "Restoration Town, Bourgeois City: Changing Urban Politics in Industrializing
Limoges" in John Merriman, ed., French Cities in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 42-72
Roger Price, The French Second Republic: A Social History
Maurice Agulhon, The Republican Experiment, 1848-1852
Marc Traugott, Armies of the Poor
Charles Tilly and Lynn Lees, "The People of June 1848" in Roger Price, ed., Revolution and
Reaction: 1848 and the Second French Republic, pp. 170-202
Georges Duveau, 1848: The Making of a Revolution
Donald McKay, The National Workshops
Peter Amann, Revolution and Mass Democracy: The Paris Club Movement in 1848
Peter Amann, "The Changing Outlines of 1848," American Historical Review, vol. 68, no. 4
(1963), pp. 938-953
Ted Margadant, "Proto-urban Development and Political Mobilization during the Second Republic"
in John Merriman, ed., French Cities in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 92-116
Roger Price, ed., Revolution and Reaction: 1848 and the Second French Republic
Frederick de Luna, The French Republic under Cavaignac, 1848
Ted Margadant, French Peasants in Revolt: The Insurrection of 1851
John Merriman, The Agony of the Republic: The Repression of the Left in Revolutionary France,
1848-1851
John Merriman, The Margins of City Life: Explorations of the French Urban Frontier, 1815-1851
Roger Price, ed., 1848 in France
Peter McPhee, The Politics of Rural LIfe: Political Mobilization in the French Countryside,
1846-1852

Germany

 Louis Namier, 1848: The Revolution of the Intellectuals
Theodore Hamerow, Restoration, Revolution, and Reaction: Economics and Politics in Germany,
1815-1871, pp, 95-195
P. H. Noyes, Organization and Revolution: Working-Class Associations in the German
Revolution of 1848-1849, pp. 124-262 and 376-380
Frederick Marquardt, "A Working Class in Gerlin in the 1840s?" in Hans Ulrich-Wehler, ed.,
Sozialgeschichte Heute (1974), pp. 191-210
Rudolf Stadelmann, Social and Political History of the German 1848 Revolution
Erich Eyck, The Frankfurt Parliament
Barrington Moore, Jr., Injustice: The Social Bases of Obedience and Revolt (Section on 1848)
Donald Mattheisen, "History as Current Events: Recent Works on the German Revolution of
1848," American Historical Review, vol. 88 (1985), pp. 1219-1237
James Sheehan, German History 1770-1866, pp. 655-729

Austria

 R. John Rath, The Viennese Revolution of 1848
Jerome Blum, Noble Landowners and Agriculture in Austria, 1815-1848 (For social background)

 Italy

 A. W. Salomone, "The Liberal Experiment and the Italian Revolution of 1848," Journal of
Central European Affairs (1949)
Kent Greenfield, Economics and Liberalism in the Risorgimento: A Study of Nationalism
in Lombardy, 1814-1848
Paul Ginsborg, Danile Mann and the Venetian Revolution of 1848-49

 Hungary

 Istvan Deak, The Lawful Revolution: Louis Kossuth and the Hungarians, 1848-1849
 

Paper Topics

 The Stages of Revolution: The Quest for a Pattern
The Impact of the Revolutions: What Did the Revolutionaries Accomplish?
How was 1848 Connected to 1789?

WEEK 9: THE IMPACT OF 1789 AND INDUSTRIALIZATION ON WOMEN
(November 10)

Required

 General Overview

 Darline Gay Levy, "Women and Political Revolution in Paris" in Renate Bridenthal, ed.,
Becoming Visible, 2nd edition, pp. 279-306 (SB)
Laura Levine Frader, "Women in the Industrial Capitalist Economy" in Renate Bridenthal, ed.,
Becoming Visible, 2nd edition, pp. 309-333 (SB)
Bonnie Smith, Changing Lives, pp. 93-106 and 135-267 (SB)
Karen Offen, "Liberty, Equality, and Justice for Women: The Theory and Practice of Feminism in
Nineteenth-Century Europe" in Renate Bridenthal, ed., Becoming Visible, 2nd edition, pp. 335-
373 (SB)
Lynn Hunt, "The Many Bodies of Marie-Antoinette: Political Pornography and the Problem of the
Feminine in the French Revolution" (B)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile (B)

Women's Politics in the Age of Egalitarianism: The Construction of a Separate Sphere

 Londa Schiebinger, "Skeletons in the Closet," Representations, no. 14 (Spring 1986),
pp. 42-82 (SB)
Thomas Laqueur, "Orgasm, Generation, and the Politics of Reproductive Biology,"
Representations, no. 14 (1986) (SB)
Joan Landes, Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution, introduction and
chaps. 1, 2, 4, and 5 (Skim) (S)

 Women and the Impact of Industrialization

 Barbara Taylor, "Socialism, Feminism, and Sexual Antagonism in the London Tailoring Trade
in the Early 1830s," Feminist Studies, vol. 5, no. 1 (Spring 1979), pp. 7-40 (SB)
Joan Scott, "Men and Women in the Parisian Garment Trades: Discussions of Family and Work
in the 1830s and 1840s" in Pat Thane, ed., The Power of the Past, pp. 67-94 (B)
or
Joan Scott, "Work Identities for Men and Women: The Politics of Work and Family in the Parisian
Trades in 1848" in Joan Scott, Gender and the Politics of History, pp. 93-112 (S)
Jean Quataert, "The Shaping of Women's Work in Manufacturing: Guilds, Households, and the
State in Central Europe, 1648-1870," American Historical Review, vol. 90 (1985), pp. 1122-
1148 (S)
Joan Scott and Louise Tilly, "Women's Work and the Family in Nineteenth-Century Europe,"
Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 17 (1975), pp. 36-64 (S)

Supplemental

 Women's Politics in the Age of Egalitarianism: The Construction of a Separate Sphere

 Dominique Godineau, The Women of Paris and Their French Revolution
Joan Landes, Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution
Barbara Taylor, Eve and the New Jerusalem
Jane Abray, "Feminism in the French Revolution," American Historical Review, vol. 80, no. 1
(1975), pp. 43-62
Darline Gay Levy and Harriet Branson Applewhite, "Women, Democracy, and Revolution in
Paris, 1789-1794" in Samia Spencer, ed., French Women and the Age of Enlightenment, pp.
64-79
Joan Scott, "French Feminists and the Rights of `Man'": Olympe de Gouges's Declarations,"
History Workshop Journal, no. 28 (1989), pp. 1-21
Sara Melzer, ed., Rebel Daughters: Women and the French Revolution
Tim Gray, The Feminism of Flora Tristan
Paul Beik, Flora Tristan, Utopian Feminist: Her Travel Diaries
Samia Spencer, ed., French Women and the Age of Enlightenment
Olwen Hufton, "Women in Revolution," Past and Present, vol. 53 (1971), pp. 90-108
John Fout, ed., German Women in the Nineteenth Century: A Social History
Thomas Laqueur, Making Sex
Mary Jo Maynes, ed., German Women in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries: A Social and
Literary History
Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women
John Stuart Mill,, On the Subjection of Women
Candice Proctor, Women, Equality, and the French Revolution
Jane Rendall, The Origins of Modern Feminism: Women in Britain, France, and the United States,
1780-1860
Katherine Clinton, "Femme et philosophe: Enlightenment Origins of Feminism," Eighteenth-
Century Studies, vol. 8, no. 3 (1975), pp. 283-299
Barbara Corrado, "Revolution and Retreat: Upper-Class French Women after 1789" in Carol
Berkin and Clara Lovett, eds, Women, War and Revolution, pp. 215-236
Margaret Darrow, "French Noblewomen and the New Domesticity, 1750-1850," Feminist
Studies, vol. 5, no. 1 (1979), pp. 41-65
Olive Banks, Faces of Feminism: A Study of Feminism as a Social Movement
Richard Evans, The Feminists: Women's Emancipation Movements in Europe, America, and
Australasia, 1840-1920
Claire Moses, French Feminism in the Ninteenth Century
Patrick Bidelman, Pariahs Stand Up! The Founding of the Liberal Feminist Movement in France,
1858-1889
Jacob Bouten, Mary Wollstonecraft and teh Beginnings of Female Emancipation in France and
England
Ann Taylor Allen, Feminism and Motherhood in Germany, 1800-1914
Lana Rakow, ed., The Revolution in Words: Rightwing Women, 1868-1871
Cynthia Russett, Sexual Science: The Victorian Construction of Womanhood
Barbara Caine, Destined to be Wives
Leonore Davidoff, The Best Circles: Society, Etiquette and the Season of Women
Elinor Barber, The Bourgeoisie in Eighteenth Century France
Philippa Levine, Feminist Lives in Victorian England
Jane Rendall, ed., Equal or Different: Women's Politics, 1800-1914
Priscilla Robertson, An Experience of Women: Pattern and Change in Nineteenth Century Europe
Steven Hause and Anne Kenney, Women's Suffrage and Social Politics in the French Third
Republic

 Women and the Impact of Industrialization

 Judith Coffin, The Politics of Women's Work: The Paris Garment Trades, 1750-1915

 Kathleen Canning, "Gender and the Politics of Class Formation: Rethinking German Labor
History," American Historical Review, vol. 97, no. 3 (1992), pp. 736-768
Louise Tilly, "Three Faces of Capitalism: Women and Work in French Cities" in John
Meriman, ed., French Cities in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 165-192
Catherine Hall, "The Tale of Samuel and Jemima: Gender and Working-Class Culture in
Nineteenth-Century England" in Harvey Kale and Keith McClelland, eds., E. P. Thompson:
Critical Perspectives, pp. 78-102
Zillah Eisenstein, "Developing a Theory of Capitalist Patriarchy and Socialist Feminism" in
Zillah Eisenstein, Capitalist Patriarchy adn the Case for Socialist Feminism
August Bebel, Women Under Socialism
Sally Alexander, "Women, Class, and Sexual Differences in the 1830s and 1840s: Some
Reflections on the Writing of a Feminist History," History Workshop Journal, vol. 17 (1984),
pp. 133-149
Jean Quataert, "Teamwork in Saxon Homeweaving Families in the Nineteenth Century: A
Preliminary Investigation into the Issue of Gender Work Roles" in Mary Jo Maynes, ed.,
German Women in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries: A Social and Literary History,
pp. 3-23
Jean Quataert, "The Politics of Rural Industrialization: Class, Gender, and Collective Protest in the
Saxon Oberlausitz of the Late Nineteenth Century," Central European History, vol. 20, no. 2
(1987), pp. 91-124
Dominique Desanti, A Woman in Revolt: A Biography of Flora Tristan
Joan Scott and Louise Tilly, Women, Work and Family
Marilyn Boxer and Jean Quataert, eds., Socialist Women: European Socialist Feminism in the
Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Jane Slaughter and Robert Kern, eds., European Women on the Left: Socialism, Feminism, and
the Problems Faced by Political Women, 1880 to the Present
Gail Malmgreen, Neither Bread Nor Roses: Utopian Feminists and the English Working Class,
1800-1850
Malcolm Thomis and Jennifer Grimmett, Women in Protest, 1800-1850
Judith Walkowitz, Prostitution and Victorian Society
Charles Sowerwine, "The Socialist Women's Movement From 1850 to 1940" in Renate
Bridenthal, ed., Becoming Visible, 2nd edition, pp. 399-428

Paper Topics

Locating Difference: Gender Difference in the Age of Egalitarianism
Women Experience Industrialization: Social and Political Implications

 WEEK 10: THE UNIFICATION OF GERMANY: POLITICAL CONSERVATISM
AND REVOLUTION FROM ABOVE (WITH REFERENCE TO ITALY)
(November 17)

Required

 General Overview

 Norman Rich, The Age of Nationalism and Reform, pp. 110-144 (SB)

 The Process of German Unification

 Theodore Hamerow, Restoration, Revolution, Reaction: Economics and Politics in Germany,
1815-1871, pp. 197-262 (SB)
James Sheehan, German History, 1770-1866, pp. 853-914 (S)
Erich Eyck, Bismarck and the German Empire, pp. 1-186 (S)
or
Otto Pflanze, Bismarck and the Development of Germany (S)
or
A. J. P. Taylor, Bismarck: The Man and the Statesman (S)
James Sheehan, German Liberalism in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 77-140 (SB)
F. L. Carsten, A History of the Prussian Junkers, pp. 115-133 (SB)
Konrad Jarausch and Larry Jones, "German Liberalism Reconsidered" in Konrad Jarausch and
Larry Jones, eds., In Search of a Liberal Germany, pp. 1-23 (skim) (S)
James Sheehan, "Conflict and Cohesion among German Elites in the Ninteenth Century" in James
Sheehan, ed., Imperial Germany, pp. 62-92 (SB)
Hans-Ulrich Wehler, The German Empire, pp. 9-31 (SB)
Michael Hughes, Nationalism and Society, Germany, 1800-1945, pp. 101-129
Allan Mitchell, "Bonapartism as a Model for Bismarckian Politics," Journal of Modern History,
vol. 49, no. 2 (1977), pp. 181-206 (Skim) (S)

Supplemental

 Germany

 Theodore Hamerow, The Social Foundations of German Unification, 1858-1871, 2 vols.
Lothar Gall, Bismarck: The White Revolutionary
George Kent, Bismarck and His Times
Theodore Hamerow, ed., Otto von Bismarck
Eugene Anderson, The Social and Political Convlict in Prussia, 1858-1864
Hans-Ulrich Wehler, "Bismarck's Imperialism, 1862-1890," Past and Present, no. 48 (1970),
pp. 119-155
Gordon Craig, The Politics of the German Army
Gordon Craig, Germany, 1866-1945
Helmut Bohme, "Free Trade" in Otto Pflanze, ed., The Unification of Germany, 1848-1871, pp.
114-119
Otto Pflanze, ed., The Unification of Germany, 1848-1871

 Italy

 Denis Mack Smith, Cavour and Garibaldi in 1860
Denis Mack Smith, Italy: A Modern History
Edgard Holt, Risorgimento: The Making of Italy, 1815-1860
Derek Beales, The Risorgimento and the Unification of Italy
Luigi Salvatorelli, The Risorgimento: Thought and Action
Massimo Salvadori, Cavour and the Unification of Italy
Denis Mack Smith, The Making of Italy, 1796-1866
Clara Lovett, The Democratic Movement in Italy, 1830-1876
John Davis, ed., Society and Politics in the Age of the Risorgimento
 

Paper Topics

 The Bismarckian Alternative and the Failure of Liberalism
Italian Unification

 WEEK 11: FRANCE AND THE SECOND EMPIRE (November 24)

Required

 General Overview

 Norman Rich, The Age of Nationalism and Reform, 1850-1890, pp. 77-100 and 184-198 (SB)
Gay Gullickson, Unruly Women of Paris: Images of the Commune (S)

 Politics of the Second Empire

 Ronald Aminzade, Class, Politics and Early Industrial Capitalism (finish) (S)
John Breuilly, "Liberalism or Social Democracy: A Comparison of British and German Labour
Politics, 1850-1875," European History Quarterly, vol. 15 (1985), pp. 3-42 (SB)
Jerrold Seigel, Bohemian Paris, pp. 181-212 (S)
Philip Nord, The Republican Moment: Struggles for Democracy in Nineteenth-Century France pp. 1-30, 48-89m 190-218, and 245-256(S)
David Gordon, "Industrialization and Republican Politics: The Bourgeois of Reims and Saint-
Etienne under the Second Empire" in John Merriman, ed., French Cities in the Nineteenth
Century, pp. 117-138 (S)
Brian Jenkins, ed., Nationalism in France: Class and Nation Since 1789, pp. 56-74 (S)
Allan Spitzer, "The Good Napoleon III," French Historical Studies (Spring 1962), pp. 308-329 (S)
Karl Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon (B)

 The Paris Commune

 Stewart Edwards, ed., The Communards of Paris, 1871, pp. 9-42 and selections (S)
Stewart Edwards, The Paris Commune, 1871 (S)
or
Edward Mason, The Paris Commune (S)
Bernard Moss, The Origins of the French Labor Movement, pp. 1-70 (S) Skim

Supplemental

 Napoleon III and Political Opposition

 James McMillan, Napoleon III (S)
Steven Kale, Legitimism and the Reconstruction of French Society, 1852-1883
W. H. C. Smith, Second Empire and Commune France, 1848-1871
Philip Guedaller, The Second Empire
Roger Williams, The French Reovlution of 1870-1871
Theodore Zeldin, The Political System of Napoleon III
Alain Plessis, The Rise and Fall of the Second Empire
Albert Guerard, Napoleon III
Karl Marx, The Civil War in France
J. M. Thompson, Louis Napoleon and the Second Empire
David Pinkney, Napoleon III and the Rebuilding of Paris
G. P. Gooch, The Second Empire
Roger Williams, The Mortal Napoleon III
Robert Stuart, Marxism at Work: Ideology, Class and French Socialism during the Third Republic
S. L. Campbell, The Second Empire Revisited: A Study in French Historiography
Pamela Pilbeam, Republicanism in Nineteenth-Century France
Ronald Aminzade, Ballots and Barricades: Class Formation and Republican Politics in France, 1830-1871
Matthew Truesdell, Spectacular Politics: Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte and the Fete Imperial
Howard Payne, The Police State of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, 1851-1860
F. A. Simpson, Louise Napoleon and the Recovery of France, 1848-1856
F. A. Simpson, The Rise of Louis Napoleon
F. A. Simpson, Napoleon and the Restoration of the Bourbons
Roger Price, Napoleon III and the Second Empire

The Paris Commune

 Roger Magraw, History of the French Working Class, vol. 1, 1830-1870
George Becker, ed., Paris Under Siege, 1870-1871
Alistair Horne, The Fall of Paris
Melvin Kranzberg, The Siege of Paris, 1870-1871
Steward Campbell, The Second Empire Revisited: A Study in French Historiography
Martin Phillip Johnson, The Paradise of Association: Political Culture and Popular Organizations¨
in the Paris Commune of 1871

Paper Topics

 The Second Empire: Sources of Stability and Tension
Paris Commune

 WEEK 12: THE JEWISH QUESTION IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
(December 1)

Required

 General Overview

 Salo Baron, "Newer Approaches to Jewish Emancipation" and "Ghetto and Emancipation"
(B)
Howard Sachar, The Course of Modern Jewish History, pp. 3-61, 94-174 and 253-276 (SB)
Please note that the pagination differs for the binder copy and the book on the seminar shelf
Todd Endelman, The Jews of Georgian England, pp. 3-11 (B)
Paul Mendes-Flohr, ed., The Jew in the Modern World, pp. 7-15, 36-46, 101-110, 112-121,
and 252-299 (SB) Be sure to use the volumes on reserve (1980 edition) and not the 1995 version
that is not on reserve.
David Sorkin, The Transformation of German Jewry, 1780-1840, chap 1 and concl. (S)
Jacob Katz, Out of the Ghetto, pp. 177-219 (SB)
Michael Meyer, The Origins of the Modern Jew (S)
Pierre Birnbaum and Ira Katznelson, "Emancipation and the Liberal Offer" in Pierre Birnbaum
and Ira Katznelson, eds., Paths of Emancipation: Jews, States, and Citizenship (S)

 Jewish Emancipation and Liberalism

 Reinhard Rurup, "Jewish Emancipation and Bourgeois Society," Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook,
vol. 14 (1969), pp. 67-91 (S)
Reinhard Rurup, "German Liberalism and the Emancipation of the Jews," Leo Baeck Institute
Yearbook, vol. 20 (1975), pp. 59-68 (S)
Werner Mosse, "The Conflict of Liberalism and Nationalism and Its Effect on German Jewry,"
Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook, vol. 15 (1970), pp. 125-139 (S)
George Mosse, "German Jews and Liberalism in Retrospect," Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook, vol.
32 (1987), pp. xii-xxv (S)
Reinhard Rurup, "The European Revolutions of 1848 and Jewish Emancipation" in Werner
Mosse, ed., Revolution and Evolution in 1848 in German-Jewish History, pp. 1-53 (B)
 

Modern Anti-Semitism

 Shulamit Angel-Volkov, "The Social and Political Function of Late Nineteenth Century
Anti-Semitism: The Case of the Small Handicraft Masters" (B)
George Mosse, The Crisis of German Ideology, chap. 7 (S)
Reinhard Rurup, "Emancipation and Crisis: The `Jewish Question' in Germany, 1850-1890,"
Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook, vol. 20 (1975) (S)

 Supplemental

 Germany

 David Sorkin, The Transformation of German Jewry, 1780-1840
Deborah Hertz, Jewish High Society in Old Regime Berlin
Peter Pulzer, The Rise of Political Anti-Semitism in Germany and Austria
Shulamit Angel-Volkov, The Rise of Popular Anti-Modernism in Germany
Richard Levy, The Downfall of the Anti-Semitic Political Parties in Imperial Germany
Jacob Katz, Out of the Ghetto
Peter Pulzer, Jews and the German State

France

 Michael Marrus, The Politics of Assimilation: The French Jewish Community at the Time of the
Dreyfus Affair
Arthur Hertzberg, The French Enlightenment and the Jews
Robert Byrnes, Antisemitism in Modern France
Stephen Wilson, Ideology and Experience: Antisemitism in France at the Time of the Dreyfus
Affair
Guay Chapman, The Dreyfus Case: A Reassessment
Phyllis Albert, The Modernization of French Jewry
Paula Hyman, The Emancipation of the Jews of Alsace
Jay Berkovitz, The Shaping of Jewish Identity in Nineteenth-Century France
Simon Schwarz-Fuchs, Napoleon, the Jews and the Sanhedrin

 Paper Topics

 Defining the Jewish Question: Emancipation and the Challenge of Modernity
The Persistence of the Jewish Question and the Emergence of Modern Anti-Semitism

WEEK 13: MAKING SENSE OF IT ALL (December 8)

 FINAL EXAM: TIME AND PLACE TO BE DETERMINED