SWARTHMORE COLLEGE

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY

 

HISTORY 128: RUSSIA IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES

 

FALL 2010

Trotter 218                                                                            Office Hours:

rweinbe1                                                                               Monday 1-3

8133                                                                                      Wednesday 1-3

                                                                                        By Appointment

 

 

This seminar focuses on how historians explain and analyze 1) the fall of the Russian autocracy, 2) the success of the Bolsheviks in establishing their regime, and 3) the rise of Stalin and the characteristics of the Stalinist system, The syllabus is designed for the student with no prior course work in Russian and Soviet history. 

 

The ideal seminar paper serves as the basis of class discussion and provides a critical analysis of the week’s reading.  It’s crucial that your paper has a clearly developed thesis.  Narrative accounts should be kept to a minimum, except where they are necessary for the development of your argument.  In addition, respondents will offer comments on the seminar papers.  Respondents must first recount the thesis of the papers and then offer their comments regarding the strengths and weaknesses of the papers.

 

As budding historians, you should learn to peruse book reviews of the monographs we are reading in the seminar.  The reviews will help you keep abreast of what scholars are writing about the most recent additions to the historiography and will allow you to write more informed and substantive seminar papers.  The major journals in the field are:

 

American Historical Review

Journal of Modern History

Journal of Social History

Revolutionary Russia

Russian Review

Slavic Review

Kritika

JSTOR

 

In addition to the writing of seminar papers, seminar requirements include active participation in class discussions, a three-hour exam, and a revised seminar paper. Students must familiarize themselves with the History Department’s statement about the culture of seminars that appears in the College Bulletin. 

 

The following monographs are available for purchase at the bookstore and on reserve.

 

Ascher, Abraham. The Revolution of 1905: A Short History. Stanford University Press (Electronic version available on Tripod)

Fitzpatrick, Sheila. Stalin’s Peasants. Oxford University Press

Fitzpatrick, Sheila. Everyday Stalinism. Oxford University Press (Electronic version available on Tripod)

Hellbeck, Jochen. Revolution on My Mind. Harvard University Press

Hoffmann, David. Stalinist Values. Cornell University Press

Kanatchikov, Semen. A Radical Worker in Tsarist Russia. Stanford University Press

Kotkin, Stephen. Magnetic Mountain. University of California Press (Electronic version available on Tripod)

Shearer, David. Policing Stalin’s Socialism.  Yale University Press

Steinberg, Mark, Voices of Revolution. Yale University Press

Tucker, Robert. Stalin as Revolutionary. W.W. Norton (Electronic version available on Tripod)

Wortman, Richard. Scenarios of Power, one-volume edition. Princeton University Press

 

The seminar also helps to fulfill the College’s Writing Course requirement.  Each student will work with me and other members of the seminar to revise one seminar paper that will be submitted to the external examiner.

 

For those students who wish to consult other textbooks and reference works, I have placed the following books on seminar reserve:

 

Edward Acton, Vladimir Cherniaev, and William Rosenberg, eds., Critical Companion to

      the Russia Revolution, 1914-1921

Geoffrey Hosking, The First Socialist Society

Dominic Lieven, Maureen Perrie, and Ronald Suny, eds,, The Cambridge History of

     Russia, 3 volumes

Robert Service, A History of Twentieth-Century Russia

Ronald Suny, The Soviet Experiment: Russia, the USSR, and the Successor States

John Thompson, A Vision Unfulfilled: Russia and the Soviet Union in the Twentieth

     Century

 

I also recommend perusing the following websites for your own edification and enjoyment:

 

Communal Living in Russia: A Virtual Museum of Soviet Everyday Life

http://Kommunalka.colgate.edu/

Site devoted to the communal apartment.

Lenin Mausoleum: A History in Photos  http://www.aha.ru/~mausoleu

Site devoted to the history of the mausoleum.  Includes text, audio, and photographs,
including those of Lenin and Stalin on display.  Has links to other sites devoted to Lenin

and Stalin.

Lenin Museum   http://www.stel.ru/museum

Site devoted to the life of Lenin as presented in the Lenin Museum in Moscow.

Red Files: Soviet Propaganda Machine http://www.pbs.org/redfiles/prop/stry/index.htm

A production of PBS, this website explores through texts and images the role of propaganda in the history of the Soviet Union.

REENIC: Russian and East European Network Information Center

http://reenic.utexas.edu/reenic/index.html

A website from the University of Texas at Austin that provides an exhaustive list of websites about Russian and East European Studies.

REES Web: The World Wide Web Virtual Library for Russian & East European Studies  http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/reesweb/

The University of Pittsburgh has assembled a comprehensive website devoted to the field of  Russian and East European Studies.

Revelations from the Soviet Archives: Documents in English Translation

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/

Collection of documents and photographs from the archives of the Soviet Union from the exhibit at the Library of Congress in 1992

Seventeen Moments in Soviet History

http://www.soviethistory.org/index.php

A narrative history of Soviet history through an innovative use of texts, documents, music, images, and video assembled by two professors at Michigan State University and Carleton College.

Slavic and East European Library: Internet Resources

http://www.library.uius.edu/spx

The reference library at the University of Illinois has assembled a site devoted to internet resources pertaining in part to the history of the Soviet Union.

Soviet Music

http://english.sovmusic.ru/

A website devoted to music written under communism.  It is a collection of songs about war, the military, patriotism, and leaders and also contains speeches and posters.

The Whisperers: Private Life in Stalin’s Russia

http://www.orlandofiges.com/

Based on letters, diaries, memoirs, and photographs collected by the historian Orlando Figes, this site explores private life in the Stalin period.

Stalinka: Digital Library of Staliniana

http://images.library.pitt.edu/s/stalinka

 A digital library of texts and images about the Stalin phenomenon.

The Chairman Smiles

http://www.iisg.nl/exhibitions/chairman/

An on-line exhibit from the International Institute of Social History in the Netherlands that focuses on posters from the Soviet Union, Cuba and the People’s Republic of China.

Soviet Poster Collection in the Peace Collection, McCabe Library

http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/Sovietposters/soviethisintro.htm

Posters devoted to maternity care, industrialization, collectivization, and antireligious campaigns from the 1920s and early 1930s.

Soviet Poster Collection

http://hoohila.stanford.edu/posters/

The Hoover Institution at Stanford University owns over three thousand posters produced in the Soviet Union.

Kennan Institute-National Public Radio Russian History Audio Archive

http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?topic_id=1424&fuseaction=topics.media

On-line audio archive of speeches and voices of key political figures from the Soviet Union such as Lenin and Stalin.

Gulag

http://gulaghistory.org/

Site devoted to the history of the gulag

Forced Labor Camps

http://www.osaarchivum.org/gulag/

Website organized by the Open Society Institute that is devoted to the Gulag

The Alexander Palace Time Machine

http://www.alexanderpalace.org/palace/mainpage.html

Website allows the visitor to take a tour of palaces and view the diaries and memorabilia the royal family.

 

 

 

 

Key to Abbreviations:  S—On Honors Reserve

                                      BB—On Blackboard

                                      Keep in mind that many of the journal articles on BB can also be

                                      accessed via JSTOR


 

WEEK ONE: RUSSIA IN THE MID-NINETEENTH CENTURY: THE NATURE OF RULE

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

M. S. Anderson, “Modernization and Resistance” BB

Marc Raeff, “Peter’s Domestic Legacy: Transformation or Revolution” BB

Gary Marker, “The Age of Enlightenment, 1740-1801” BB

David Ransel, “Pre-Reform Russia, 1801-1855” BB

Nicholas Riasanovsky, A Parting of Ways S

 

RECOMMENDED

 

David Moon, “Reassessing Russian Serfdom,” European History Quarterly, vol. 26,

     no. 4 (1996), pp. 483-526 BB

Marc Raeff, The Origins of the Russian Intelligentsia  S

 

TOPICS

 

The Russian Intelligentsia: Intellectual, Cultural and Political Conflict

The Autocracy and its Relationship to Educated Russia

Russia from a West European Perspective

The Legacy of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great


 

 

 

 

WEEK TWO:  CONCEPTUALIZING TSARIST SOCIETY AND THE NATURE OF POLITICAL POWER; THE IMPACT OF PEASANT EMANCIPATION

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Richard Wortman, Scenarios of Power: Myth and Ceremony in Russian Monarchy from Peter the Great to the Abdication of Nicholas II, pp. 1-43 and 205-316  S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Gregory Freeze, “Reform and Counter-Reform, 1855-1890” BB

Larissa Zakharova, “The Reign of Alexander II: A Watershed” in The Cambridge History

      of Russia,  volume 2, pp. 593-616 S

Joseph Bradley, Voluntary Associations in Tsarist Russia, introduction, chapter one, and

     Conclusion  S

W. Bruce Lincoln, In War’s Dark Shadow, pp. 35-67  S/BB

W. Bruce Lincoln, The Great Reforms: Autocracy, Bureaucracy, and the Politics of

    Change in Imperial Russia, preface and 1-158  S/BB

 

CONCEPTUALIZING TSARIST SOCIETY

 

Gregory Freeze, “The Soslovie (Estate) Paradigm and Russian Social History,”

       American Historical Review, vol. 91, no. 1 (February 1986), pp. 11-36 BB

Joseph Bradley, “Subjects into Citizens: Societies, Civil Society, and Autocracy in

      Tsarist Russia,” American Historical Review, vol. 107, no. 4 (2002), pp. 1094-

       1123  BB

Alfred Rieber, “The Sedimentary Society,” in Edith Clowes, ed., Between Tsar

       and People, pp. 343-366 S/BB

Alfred Rieber, “Alexander II: A Revisionist View,” Journal of Modern History, vol.43,

      no. 1 (1971) pp. 42-58 BB

Richard Wortman, “Rule by Sentiment: Alexander II’s Journey through the Russian

      Empire,” American Historical Review, vol. 95, no. 3 (June 1990), pp. 745-777 BB

 

PEASANTS

 

Terence Emmons, “The Peasant and the Emancipation” in Wayne Vucinich, ed., The

      Peasant in Nineteenth-Century Russia, pp. 41-71 S/BB

Esther Kingston-Mann and Timothy Mixter, eds., Peasant Economy, Culture, and

      Politics of European Russia (“Breaking the Silence,” “Peasant Communes and

      Economic Innovation,” “Peasant Poverty in Theory and Practice,” “Crises and the

      Condition of the Peasantry in Late Imperial Russia,” “Victims or Actors?: Russian

      Peasant Women and Patriarchy,” and “Everyday Forms of Resistance and Serf

      Opposition to Gentry Exactions”) S/BB

Daniel Field, Rebels in the Name of the Tsar, introduction and conclusion  S/BB

Gleb Uspenskii, “From a Village Diary” BB

Anton Chekhov, “Peasants” and “The New Villa”  BB

Roger Bartlett, ed., Land Commune and Peasant Community in Russia (“Egalitarianism

      and the Commune,” “Women and the Peasant Commune,” “Differentiation in

      Russian Peasant Society,” and “Agricultural Advance Under the Russian Village

      System” S/BB

 

THE DEBATE OVER THE AGRARIAN CRISIS

 

James Simms, “The Crisis in Russian Agriculture at the End of Nineteenth Century: A

      Different View,” Slavic Review, vol. 36, no. 3 (September 1977), pp. 377-398 BB

Gary Hamburg, “The Crisis in Russian Agriculture: A Comment” and James Simms, “On

      Missing the Point: A Rejoinder,” Slavic Review, vol. 37, no. 3 (September 1978), pp.

      481-490  BB

John Bushnell, “Peasant Economy and Peasant Revolution at the Turn of the Century:

      Neither Immiseration nor Autonomy,” Russian Review, vol. 47, no. 1 (1988),

       pp. 75-82 BB

Paul Gregory, “Rents, Land Prices and Economic Theory: The Russian Agrarian

      Crisis” BB

S. G. Wheatcroft, “The 1891-92 Famine in Russia” BB

 

THE CHANGING NATURE OF THE NOBILITY: ISSUES OF CLASS AND ESTATE

 

Roberta Manning, The Crisis of the Old Order: Gentry and Government, pp. 3-24 S/BB

Seymour Becker, Nobility and Privilege in Late Imperial Russia, pp. 3-154 and 171-78 S

Gary Hamburg, The Politics of the Russian Nobility, pp. 1-67 S/BB

Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard S

Roger Munting, “Economic Change and the Russian Gentry, 1861-1914” BB

Jerome Blum, “Russia” in David Spring, ed., European Landed Elites in the Nineteenth

      Century S/BB

 

JUDICIAL AND GOVERNMENTAL REFORMS

 

S. Frederick Starr, Decentralization and Self-Government in Russia, 1830-1870,

     pp. 3-50, 292-347 (skim) and 348-354 S/BB

Richard Wortman, The Development of a Russian Legal Consciousness,

     pp. 237-289 S/BB

 

TOPICS

 

The Impact of the Peasant Emancipation

Conceptualizing Social Change:  From Soslovie to Class


 

WEEK THREE: REVOLUTIONARY STIRRINGS AND BUREAUCRATIC REACTION

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: A Radical Worker in Tsarist Russia: The Autobiography of SemĎn Ivanovich Kanatchikov, pp. 1-209

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Reginald Zelnik, “Russian Workers and Revolution” in The Cambridge History of

    Russia, volume 2, pp. 617-636 S

Abraham Ascher, The Revolution of 1905: Russia in Disarray, chapter 1 S/BB

Daniel Brower, “Urban Revolution in the Late Russian Empire,” in Michael Hamm,

     ed., The City in Late Imperial Russia, pp. 319-353 S/BB

Hans Rogger, Russia in the Age of Modernization and Revolution, pp. 132-160 S/BB

W. Bruce Lincoln, The Great Reforms: Autocracy, Bureaucracy, and the Politics of

     Change in Imperial Russia, pp. 159-203  S/BB

W. Bruce Lincoln, In War’s Dark Shadow, pp. 69-101 and 103-134 S/BB

Robert Byrnes, “Russian Conservative Thought before the Revolution,” in Theofanis

     Stavrou, ed., Russia Under the Last Tsar, pp. 42-68  S/BB

Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, pp. 5-30

     S/BB

 

WORKERS

 

Tom Kemp, Industrialization in Nineteenth-Century Europe, pp. 119-151 S/BB

Theodore von Laue, “Problems of Industrialization,” in Theofanis Stavrou, ed.,

     Russia under the Last Tsar, pp. 117-153  S/BB

Victoria Bonnell, ed., The Russian Worker: Life and Labor under the Tsarist

     Regime, introduction  S

Rose Glickman, Russian Factory Women, pp. 1-188 S

Theodore von Laue, “Russian Labor Between Field and City,” California Slavic

     Studies, vol. 3 (1964), pp. 33-65  BB

Theodore von Laue, “Russian Peasants in the Factory,” Journal of Economic History,

     vol. 21, no. 1 (1961)  BB

 

 

MIDDLE CLASSES AND PROFESSIONALIZATION

 

Elise Wirtschafter Kimerling, “The Groups Between” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 2, pp. 245-263 S

Edith Clowes, ed., Between Tsar and People (“Introduction,” “Impediments to a

     Bourgeois Consciousness in Russia,” “Voluntary Associations, Civic Culture and

     Obshchestvennost’in Moscow,” “The Zemstvo and the Development of a Russian

     Middle Class,” “The Problems of Professions in Imperial Russia,” “Cultural Pioneers  

     Professionals: The Teacher in Society,” and “Russia’s Unrealized Civil Society” S/BB

Charles Timberlake, “The Middle Classes in Late Tsarist Russia” in M. L. Bush, ed.,

      Social Orders and Social Classes in Europe Since 1500  S/BB

Louise McReynolds, Russia at Play: Leisure Activities at the end of the Tsarist Era S

 

POPULISM

 

Michael Florinsky, Russia: A History and Interpretation, vol. 2, pp. 1064-1085 S

Richard Wortman, The Crisis of Russian Populism,  pp. 1-34  S/BB

Andrzej Walicki, The Controversy over Capitalism, S

Barbara Engel and Clifford Rosenthal, Five Sisters: Women Against the Tsar,

     pp. 3-58  BB

Ekaterina Breshkovskaia, “Going to the People”  BB

Michael Melancon, “The Socialist Revolutionaries from 1902-1907: Peasant and

     Workers’ Party,” Russian History/Histoire Russe, vol. 12, no. 1 (1985), pp. 2-47

     (read for argument)  BB

Oliver Radkey, The Agrarian Foes of Bolshevism, pp. 3-40  S/BB

 

MARXISM

 

Christopher Read, “Labour and Socialism in Tsarist Russia,” in Dick Geary, ed.,

     Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe before 1914  S/BB

“Emancipation of Labor,” “Lenin’s Concept of a Revolutionary Party,” and “Programs

     of Political Parties”  BB

Allan Wildman, The Making of a Workers’ Revolution: Russian Social Democracy,

1891-1903   (Ask me for a copy)

Reginald Zelnik, “Russian Workers and the Revolutionary Movement,” Journal of

     Social History, vol. 6, no. 2 (1972-1973), pp. 214-236  S/BB

 

LIBERALISM AND GENTRY POLITICS

 

Roberta Manning, The Crisis of the Old Order in Russia, pp. 25-88  S/BB

Terence Emmons, The Formation of Political Parties and the First National Elections

     in Russia, pp. 21-36  S/BB

Gary Hamburg, The Politics of the Russian Nobility, 1881-1905 S

George Fischer, Russian Liberalism  S

 

RUSSIAN CONSERVATISM AND BUREAUCRATIC BACKLASH

 

Heide Whelan, Alexander III and the State Council: Bureaucracy and Counter-

     Reform in Late Imperial Russia, pp. 1-37 and 159-203  S/BB

Konstantin Pobedonostsev, “The Falsehood of Democracy” BB

Francis Wcislo, “The Land Captain Reform of 1889 and the Reassertion of

     Unrestricted Autocratic Authority,” Russian History/Histoire Russe, vol. 15,

      No. 2-4 (1988), pp. 285-326  S/BB

Hans Rogger, “Reflections on Russian Conservatism, 1861-1905,” Jahrbucher

     Fur Geschichte Osteuropas, vol. 14, no. 2 (1966) BB

Theodore Weeks, Nation and State in Late Imperial Russia: Nationalism and

     Russification on the Western Frontier, introduction and conclusion  S/BB

 

TOPICS

 

Liberal Politics: Social and Ideological Characteristics

Revolutionary Dreams from the 1870s to 1905:  Ideologies, Organizational

     Imperatives and Relations with the Narod

Spontaneity and Consciousness: The Russian Revolutionary Tradition

Age of Counterrefrom

What Were the Strengths of the Old Regime?

What Were the Stresses and Tensions in Russian Society?

The Peculiarities of Russian Modernization, Urbanization and Industrialization


WEEK FOUR: THE REVOLUTION OF 1905 AND THE DUMA ERA

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Abraham Ascher, The Revolution of 1905: A Short History S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Mark Steinberg, The Fall of the Romanovs, pp. 1-37  S/BB

Richard Wortman, Scenarios of Power: Myth and Ceremony in Russian Monarchy from Peter the Great to the Abdication of Nicholas II, pp. 317-413 S

Hans Rogger, Russia in the Age of Modernization and Revolution, pp. 229-250

     and 251-271  S/BB

Mark Steinberg, “Russia’s Fin-de-Siecle, 1900-1914” in The Cambridge History

     af Russia,  volume 3, pp. 67-93  S

 

THE DUMA ERA

 

Leopold Haimson, “Dual Polarization in Urban Russia, 1905-1917,” in Ronald Suny,

     ed., The Russian Revolution and Bolshevik Victory, pp. 26-49  S/BB

Leopold Haimson, ed., The Politics of Rural Russia (Introduction and conclusion) S/BB

Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution, chapter 5  S

William Rosenberg, “Kadets and the Politics of Ambivalence, 1905-1917,” in

     Charles Timberlake, ed., Essays on Russian Liberalism, pp. 139-163  S/BB

Francis Wcislo, “Soslovie or Class? Bureaucratic Reformers and Provincial

     Gentry in Conflict, 1906-1908,” Russian Review, vol. 47, no. 1 (1988),

     pp. 1-24  BB

Victoria Bonnell, “Trade Unions, Parties, and the State in Tsarist Russia: A Study of

      Labor Politics in St. Petersburg and Moscow,” Politics and Society, vol. 9, no. 3

      (1980), pp. 299-322  BB

Alexander Gerschenkron, “Agrarian Policies and Industrialization in Russia,” in The

     Cambridge Economic History of Europe, vol. 6, pt. 2, pp. 763-800  S/BB

 

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNREST IN 1905

 

Victoria Bonnell, Roots of Rebellion, pp. 1-18 and 73-192  S

John Bushnell, “The Revolution of 1905-06 in the Army,” Russian History/Histoire

     Russe, vol. 12, no. 1 (1985), pp. 71-94  BB

Maureen Perrie, “The Russian Peasant Movement of 1905-1907: Its Social

     Composition and Revolutionary Significance,” Past and Present, no. 57

     (1972) pp. 123-155  BB

Alfred Rieber, Merchants and Entrepreneurs in Imperial Russia, pp. 259-332, S

Roberta Manning, The Crisis of the Old Order in Russia, pp. 89-202 S

Thomas Owen, Capitalism and Politics in Russia: A Social History of the

     Moscow Merchants, 1855-1905, pp. 173-212  S

 

DUMA POLITICS

 

Geoffrey Hosking,  The Russian Constitutional Experiment S

Leopold Haimson, ed., The Politics of Rural Russia (“Zemstvo and Revolution,”

     “What was the United Nobility?,” and “The Crisis of the Third of June System”) S/BB

William Rosenberg, Liberals in the Russian Revolution, pp. 11-46  S/BB

Bernard Pares, “Rasputin and the Empress Alexandra,” in Ronald Suny, ed.,

     The Russian Revolution and Bolshevik Victory, pp. 16-26  S/BB

Robert McKean, “Constitutional Russia” BB

George Kennan, “The Breakdown of the Tsarist Autocracy,” in Richard Pipes, ed.,

     Revolutionary Rusia, pp. 1-15  S/BB

Arthur Mendel, “On Interpreting the Fate of Imperial Russia,” in Theofanis Stavrou, ed.,

     Russia Under the Last Tsar, pp. 13-41  S/BB

Abraham Ascher, P.A. Stolypin: The Search for Stability in Late Imperial Russia S

 

WORKERS AND PEASANTS IN THE DUMA ERA

 

Seymour Becker, Nobility and Privilege in Late Imperial Russia, pp. 155-170  S/BB

David Macey, “The Peasant Commune and the Stolypin Reforms: Peasant Attitudes,

     1906-1914,” in Roger Bartlett, ed., Land Commune and Peasant Community in

     Russia, pp. 219-236 S

Or

David Macey, “Government Actions and Peasant Reactions during the Stolypin

     Reforms” BB

David Macey, “`A Wager on History’: The Stolypin Reforms as Process” BB

Judith Pallott, “Did the Stolypin Land Reforms Destroy the Peasant Commune?” BB

Grigorii Gerasimenko, “The Stolypin Agrarian Reforms in Saratov Province”  BB

Victoria Bonnell, “Radical Politics and Organized Labor in Pre-Revolutionary Moscow,

     1905-1914,” Journal of Social History, vol. 12, no. 2 (1978), pp. 282-300  S/BB

 

TOPICS

 

The Crisis of the Autocracy: Weathering the Revolution

Duma or Doom: Sources of Stability and Instability on the Eve of 1917

Stolypin: What Was He Trying to Accomplish?


 

WEEK FIVE:  THE REVOLUTIONS OF 1917

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Mark Steinberg, Voices of Revolution, 1917 S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Mark von Hagen, “The First World War, 1914-1918” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 3, pp. 94-113 S

Eric Lohr, “War and Revolution, 1914-1917” in The Cambridge History of Russia,

     volume 2, pp. 655-669 S

S. A. Smith, “The Revolutions of 1917-1918” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 3, pp. 114-139  S

John Thompson, Revolutionary Russia, S

Alexander Rabinowitch, The Bolsheviks Come to Power S Introduction and conclusion

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, introduction, chapter 1 and chapter 2 S/BB

Leon Trotsky, “The Peculiarities of Russian History, “ chapter one in The

      Russian Revolution S/BB

Ronald Suny, “Revising the Old Story” in Daniel Kaiser, ed., The Workers’ Revolution

     in Russia, S/BB

Steve Smith, “Petrograd in 1917: The View From Below” in Daniel Kaiser, The

     Workers’ Revolution in Russia, S/BB

Diane Koenker, “Moscow in 1917: The View From Below” in Daniel Kaiser,

     The Workers’ Revolution in Russia, S/BB

Stephen Cohen, Scholarly Missions: Sovietology as Vocation” in Stephen Cohen,

     Rethinking the Soviet Experience, chapter 1  S/BB

Boris Kolonitskii, “`Democracy’ in the Political Consciousness of the February

     Revolution,” Slavic Review, vol. 57, no. 1 (1998), pp. 95-106  BB

Richard Pipes, Three Whys of the Russian Revolution S

 

BOLSHEVIK VICTORY: ALTERNATIVE VIEWS

 

Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution, chapters 10-12  S

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 3 S/BB

Orlando Figes and Boris Kolonitskii, Interpreting the Russian Revolution:

     The Language of Symbols in 1917 S

Vladimir Brovkin, Book review in American Historical Review, vol. 98, no. 4 (1993),

     1298-1299 BB

 Theda Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions, introduction and sections on Russia (On

     Political Science 108 Reserve)

 

SOCIAL UNREST

 

John L. H. Keep, The Russian Revolution: A Study in Mass Mobilization, pp. 153-247  S

Ronald Suny, “Revision and Retreat in the Historiography of 1917: Social History and

     Its Critics,” Russian Review, vol. 53, no. 2 (1994), pp. 165-183  BB

Leopold Haimson, “The Problem of Social Identities in Early Twentieth-Century

     Russia,” Slavic Review, vol. 47, no. 1 (1988), pp. 1-38  BB

Daniel Orlovsky, “The Lower Middle Strata in Revolutionary Russia” in Edith Clowes,

     ed., Between Tsar and People, pp. 248-268  S/BB

Orlando Figes, “The Russian Peasant Community in the Agrarian Revolution, 1917-

     18” in Roger Bartlett, ed., Land Commune and Peasant Community in Russia, pp.

     237-253 S/BB

Robert Service, “The Industrial Workers” in Robert Service, ed., Society and Politics in

    the Russian Revolution, BB

Edward Acton, “Epilogue” in Robert Service, ed., Society and Politics in the Russian

    Revolution BB

 

TOPICS

 

Dynamics of the Revolution’s Trajectory: Explaining the Bolsheviks’ Success and

     Everybody Else’s Failures

Historiography: Social History, the Cold War, and the Question of Legitimacy

   


 

WEEK SIX: THE CONSOLIDATION OF BOLSHEVIK RULE—CIVIL WAR AND WAR COMMUNISM

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW  HOLQUIST BOOK???? Or DON’S???

 

Paul Avrich, Kronstadt, 1921, chapter 1  S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, pp. 61-84  S/BB

Alexander Rabinowitch, The Bolsheviks in Power: The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd, preface and parts one and four S

Donald Raleigh, “The Russian Civil War, 1917-1922” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 3, pp. 140-167 S

Tenth Party Congress BB

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 4  S

Lewis Siegelbaum, Soviet State and Society between Revolutions, 1918-1929,

     chapters one and two S

Diane Koenker, ed., Party, State, and Society in the Russian Civil War (“New

     Perspectives on the Civil War,” “The Legacy of the Civil War,” “The Civil War:

     Dynamics and Legacy,” “Commentary:Circumstance and Poitical Will in the

     Russian Civil War”) S/BB

Peter Holquist, “`Information is the Alpha and Omega of Our Work’: Bolshevik

     Surveillance in Its Pan-European Context,” Journal of Modern History, vol. 69,

     no. 3 (1997), pp. 415-450 BB

Peter Holquist, “To Count, to Extract, and to Exterminate: Population Statistics and

     Population Politics in Late Imperial and Soviet Russia” BB

Moshe Lewin, Lenin’s Last Struggle, chapter 1 S/BB

William Chase, Workers, Society, and the Soviet State, chapter 1 S/BB

Evan Mawdsley, The Russian Civil War, pp. 272-290 BB

Robert Service, The Bolshevik Party in Revolution: A Study in Organizational Change,

     pp. 1-10 and 199-212  S/BB

Abbott Gleason, ed., Bolshevik Culture (“Iconoclastic Currents in the Russian

     Revolution,” “Lenin’s Bolshevism as a Culture in the Making,” and “The Civil War

     as a Formative Experience”)  S/BB

 

RECOMMENDED

 

Donald Raleigh, Experiencing Russia’s Civil War: Politics, Society, and Revolutionary

    Culture in Saratov S

Peter Holquist, Making War, Forging Peace S

Vladimir Brovkin, “The Mensheviks’ Political Comeback: The Elections to the

     Provincial City Soviets in Spring 1918,” Russian Review, vol. 42, no. 1 (1983),

     pp. 1-50 BB

Vladimir Brovkin, “The Mensheviks under Attack: The Transformation of Soviet

     Politics, June-September 1918,” Jahrbucher fur Geschichte fur Osteuropas,

     vol. 32, no. 3 (1984), pp. 378-391  BB

John L. H. Keep, The Russian Revolution: A Study in Mass Mobilization, pp.

     249-32 and 418-471 S

Silvana Malle, The Economic Organization of War Communism, introduction S

Stephen Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution, pp. 60-110  S

Orlando Figes, Peasant Russia, CivilWar: The Volga Countryside in Revolution,

     1917-1921 S

 

TOPICS

 

War Communism: Path to the Radiant Future or Political Exigency?

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Consolidating Soviet Power and the Issue of Legitimacy


 

WEEK SEVEN: THE 1920S—THE SUCCESSION STRUGGLE AND THE DILEMMAS OF NEP

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Robert Tucker, Stalin as Revolutionary S (Also Available

      on-line via Tripod)

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, pp. 85-109 S/BB

Alan Ball, “Building a New State and Society: NEP, 1921-1928” in The Cambridge

     History of Russia, volume 3, pp. 168-191  S

Stephen Cohen, “Bolshevism and Stalinism” in Stephen Cohen, Rethinking the

     Soviet Experience S/BB

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 1 S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed., Russia in the Era of NEP (“Introduction,” “The Problem of

     Class Identity in NEP Society,” “Private Trade and Traders during NEP,” “Insoluble

     Conflicts: Village Life between Revolution and Collectivization,”

     and “Conclusion”) S/BB

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 5 S/BB

 

THE SUCCESSION STRUGGLE

 

Stephen Cohen, Bukharin and the Russian Revolution, pp. 123-336 S

Isaac Deutscher, Stalin: A Political Biography, pp. 228-317  S/BB

Isaac Deutscher, The Prophet Unarmed: Trotsky, 1921-1929 S

J. Arch Getty and Oleg Naumov, Yezhov: The Rise of Stalin’s `Iron Fist’ S

 

RECOMMENDED

 

Lewis Siegelbaum, Soviet State and Society Between Revolutions, 1918-1929,

     chapters four, five and epilogue S/BB

Moshe Lewin, Lenin’s Last Struggle, S

William Chase, Workers, Society, and the Soviet State: Labor and Life in Moscow,

     1918-1929, chapter 8 S/BB

Viktor Danilov, “The Commune in the Life of the Soviet Countryside before

     Collectivisation,” in Roger Bartlett, ed., Land Commune and Peasant Community in

     Russia, pp. 287-302 S/BB

Christina Kiaer and Eric Naiman, eds., Everyday Life in Early Soviet Russia S

 

TOPICS

 

Why Did Stalin Win?

NEP: A Path to Socialism?

Social and Ideological Tensions in the 1920s


 

WEEK EIGHT: THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD IN AGRICULTURE AND THE CULTS OF LENIN AND STALIN

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Sheila Fitzpatrick, Stalin’s Peasants: Resistance and Survival in

        the Russian Village after Collectivization S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 2 S

Lev Kopelev, The Education of a True Believer, pp. 224-236  S/BB

Alec Nove and James Millar, “A Debate on Collectivization: Was Stalin Really

     Necessary?” Problems of Communism, vol. 25, no. 4 (1976), pp. 49-62 BB

Lynne Viola, “The Peasant Nightmare: Visions of the Apocalypse in the Soviet

     Countryside,” Journal of Modern History, vol. 62, no. 4 (1990), pp. 747-770 BB

Lynne Viola, “Bab’i Bunty and Peasant Women’s Protest during Collectivization,”

     Rusian Review, vol. 45, no. 1 (1986), pp. 23-42  BB

James Millar, “Mass Collectivization and the Contribution of Soviet Agriculture to the 

     First Five-Year Plan,” Slavic Review, vol. 33, no. 4 (1974),  pp. 750-766 JSTOR

 

THE CULTS OF LENIN AND STALIN

 

Nina Tumarkin, Lenin Lives! The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia S

Karen Petrone, Life Has Become More Joyous, Comrades: Celebrations in the Time

      of  Stalin S

Jeffrey Brooks, Thank You, Comrade Stalin! Soviet Public Culture from

     Revolution to Cold War  S

Lewis Siegelbaum, Stalinism as a Way of Life S

Victoria Bonnell, The Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and

     Stalin S

Robert Tucker, “The Rise of Stalin’s Personality Cult,” American Historical Review, vol.  

     84, no. 2 (1979), pp. 347-366 JSTOR

Robert Tucker, Stalin in Power S

Graeme Gill, “`Lenin Lives’: Or Does He? Symbols and the Transition from Socialism,”

     Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 60, no. 2 (2008), pp. 173-196 JSTOR

Sarah Davies, “The Leader Cult: Propaganda and Its Reception in Stalin’s Russia” in

     John Channon, ed., Politics, Society and Stalinism in the USSR, pp. 115-138 S

 

 

 

RECOMMENDED

 

Moshe Lewin, Russian Peasants and Soviet Power, pp. 446-519  S/BB

Lynne Viola, ed., Tragedy of the Soviet Countryside S

Moshe Lewin, The Making of the Soviet System, pp. 91-120, and 178-190 S/BB

Lynne Viola, ed., The War Against the Peasantry, 1927-1930 S

James Hughes, “Re-evaluating Stalin’s Peasant Policy in 1928-30”  BB

Vladimir Brovkin, “Stalinism, Revisionism and the Problem of Conceptualization” BB

 

TOPICS

 

A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Collectivization

The Decision to Collectivize: Historiographical Issues

Purposes and Results of the Cults of Lenin and Stalin


 

WEEK NINE:  THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD IN INDUSTRY; THE ISSUE OF SUBJECTIVITY—THE INDIVDUAL IN STALIN’S RUSSIA

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization

       (no chapter 7) S

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Jochen Hellbeck, Revolution on My Mind: Writing a Diary

      under Stalin S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Ascribing Class: The Construction of Social Identity in Soviet

     Russia” BB

Choi Chatterjee and Karen Petrone, “Models of Selfhood and Subjectivity: The Soviet

     Case in Historical Perspective.” Slavic Review, vol. 67, no. 4 (Winter 2008) BB

Loren Graham, The Ghost of an Executed Engineer

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapter 5 S/BB

Lewis Siegelbaum, “Workers and Industrialization” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 3, pp. 440-467  S

Alec Nove “Was Stalin Necessary?” Encounter (April 1962), pp. 86-92 BB

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 3 S

Jeffrey Rossman, Worker Resistance Under Stalin: Class and Revolution on the Shop

     Floor, introduction, chaps. 1 and 2  S

Lynne Viola, ed., Contending with Stalinism : Soviet Power and Popular Resistance in the 1930s S

William Rosenberg and Lewis Siegelbaum, eds., Social Dimensions of Soviet

     Industrialization (“Conceptualizing the Command Economy,” “The Great Departure:

     Rural-Urban Migration in the Soviet Union, 1929-1933,” “Social Mobility in

     the Countryside,” and “On Soviet Industrialization”  S/BB

A Short History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, pp. 196-234 (skim) BB

Moshe Lewin, The Making of the Soviet System (“Society, State, and Ideology during the

     First Five-Year Plan” and “Social Relations Inside Industry during

     The Prewar Five-Year Plans”)  S/BB

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 6 S/BB

 

TOPICS

 

Why Did People “Speak Bolshevik” and What Did that Mean? Speaking Bolshevik

State and Society during the Revolution from Above: Resistance and Accommodation

Subjectivity and Soviet Power

 

 


 

WEEK TEN:  LIFE UNDER STALIN: CULTURE, WOMEN, AND NATIONALITY

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: David Hoffmann, Stalinist Values: The Cultural Norms of

      Soviet Modernity, 1917-1941 S

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Sheila Fitzpatrick, Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary Life in

      Extraordinary Time S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Cultural Revolution as Class War” in Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed.,

     Cultural Revolution in Russia, 1928-1931 S/BB

Terry Martin, “An Affirmative Action Empire: The Soviet Union as the Highest Form of

      Imperialism” BB

Yuri Slezkine, “The Soviet Union as a Communal Apartment, or How a Socialist State

      Promoted Ethnic Particularism “ in Shelia Fitzpatrick, ed., Stalinism: New Directions,

      pp. 313-347 S/BB

Matthew Lenoe, “In Defense of Timasheff’s Great RetreatKritika, vol. 5, no. 4 (2004),

      pp. 721-730  BB/JSTOR

 

CULTURE, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY

 

David Brandenberger, National Bolshevism: Stalinist Mass Culture and the Formation

     of Modern Russian National Identity, 1931-1956  S

Richard Stites, ed., Mass Culture in Soviet Russia: Tales, Poems, Songs, Movies, Plays,

     Folklore, 1917-1953 S

Richard Stites, ed., Russian Popular Culture: Entertainment and Society since 1900 S

William Rosenberg, ed., Bolshevik Visions, BB

Katerina Clark and Evgeny Dobrenko, eds., Soviet Culture and Power: A History in

     Documents, 1917-1953 S

Richard Stites, “Bolshevik Ritual Building in the 1920s” in Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed.,

     Russia in the Era of NEP, pp. 295-305 S/BB

Richard Stites, Revolutionary Dreams: Utopian Vision and Experimental Life in the

     Russian Revolution, S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “The `Soft’ Line on Culture and Its Enemies: Soviet Cultural Policy,

     19222-1927,” Slavic Review, vol. 33, no. 2 (1974), pp. 267-287 BB

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Culture and Politics under Stalin: A Reappraisal,” Slavic Review, vol.

     35, no. 2 (1976), pp. 211-231 BB

S. Frederick Starr, Red and Hot, S

Richard Thorpe, “The Academic Theaters and the Fate of Soviet Artistic Pluralism, 1919-

     1928,” Slavic Review, vol. 51, no. 3 (1992), pp. 389-411  S/BB

Katerina Clark, “The `Quiet’ Revolution in Soviet Intellectual Life” in Sheila Fitzpatrick,

     ed., Russia in the Era of NEP  S/BB

Roger Pethybridge, “Stalin as Social Conservatism,” European Studies Review, vol. 11

     (1981), pp. 461-485  BB

 

NATIONALITY POLICY

 

Adrienne Edgar, Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan S

Douglas Northrop, Veiled Empire: Gender and Power in Stalinist Central Asia S

Zvi Gitelman, Jewish Nationality and Soviet Power S

 

WOMEN AND THE REVOLUTION

 

Barbara Engel, “Women and the State” in The Cambridge History of Russia, volume

     3, pp. 468-494  S

Wendy Goldman, Women, the State and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social

     Life, 1917-1936 S

Elizabeth Wood, The Baba and the Comrade: Gender and Politics in Revolutionary

     Russia S

Gail Lapidus, Women in Soviet Society, S/BB

Barbara Evans Clements, “The Birth of the New Soviet Woman” in Abbott Gleason,

     ed.,  Bolshevik Culture, pp. 220-237 S/BB

Beatrice Farnsworth, “Village Women Experience the Revolution” in Abbott

     Gleason, ed., Bolshevik Culture, pp. 238-260 S/BB

Wendy Goldman, “Working-Class Women and the `Withering Away’ of the Family”

     in Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed., Russia in the Era of NEP, pp. 125-143 S/BB

Alexandra Kollontai, “Make Way for Winged Eros,” “Communism and the Family,” and

    “Sisters”  BB

Barbara Evans Clements, et al., Russia’s Women: Accommodation, Resistance, and

     Transformation (“Transformation versus Tradition,” “The Female Form in Soviet

     Political Iconography,” “Women, Abortion, and the State, 1917-1936,” and “Later

     Developments: Trends in Soviet Women’s History”) S/BB

Victoria Bonnell, “The Representation of Women in Early Soviet Political Art,” Russian

     Review, vol. 50, no. 3 (1991), pp. 267-288 BB

Victoria Bonnell, “The Peasant Woman in Stalinist Political Art of the 1930s,”

     American Historical Review, vol. 98, no. 1 (1993), pp. 55-82 BB

Choi Chatterjee, Celebrating Women: Gender, Festival, Culture, and Bolshevik

     Ideology, 1910-1939 S

 

 

TOPICS

 

The Promise and Reality of Women’s Emancipation

Culture and Society under Soviet Power

Nationality Policy under Lenin and Stalin, 1917-1939:


 

WEEK ELEVEN: THE PURGES

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK

 

David Shearer, Policing Stalin’s Socialism: Repression and Social Order in the Soviet Union, 1924-1953  S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, pp. 135-161 S/BB

Graeme Gill, Stalinism S/BB

Barry McLoughlin, “Mass Operations of the NKVD, 1937-8: A Survey” BB

Paul Hagenloh, Stalin’s Police: Public Order and Mass Repression in the USSR, 1926-

     1941, introduction and conclusion S

Wendy Goldman, Terror and Democracy in the Age of Stalin: The Social Dynamics of

     Repression S

Paul Hagenloh, “`Socially Harmful Elements’ and the Great Terror” BB

David Shearer, “Stalinism, 1928-1940” in The Cambridge History of Russia, volume

     3, pp. 192-216  S

Isaac Deutscher, Stalin: A Political Biography, pp. 345-385 S/BB

Robert Conquest, The Great Terror S

Stephen Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution, pp. 337-386  S/BB

Sarah Davies, “Us Against Them”: Social Identity in Soviet Russia, 1934-1939” BB

Peter Holquist, “State Violence as Technique: The Logic of Violence in Soviet

     Totalitarianism” BB

Amir Weiner, “Nature and Nurture in a Socialist Utopia: Delineating the Soviet Socio-

     Ethnic Body in the Age of Socialism” BB 

J. Arch Getty, “Afraid of Their Shadows: The Bolshevik Recourse to Terror,

     1932-1938” BB

Sarah Davies, Popular Opinion in Stalin’s Russia: Terror, Propaganda and Dissent S

Evgeniia Ginzburg, Journey into the Whirlwind S

Lydia Chukovskaia, Sofia Petrovna S

 

HISTORIOGRAPHY

 

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 4  S

Chris Ward, ed., The Stalinist Dicatorship S

David Hoffmann, Stalinism: The Essential Readings S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed., “Introduction” in Stalinism: New Directions S/BB

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “New Perspectives on Stalinism” and Discussion in Russian

     Review, vol. 45, no. 4 (1986), pp. 357-413  BB

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Constructing Stalinism: Changing Western and Soviet

     Perspectives” in Alec Nove, ed., The Stalin Phenomenon, pp. 75-99 S/BB

J. Arch Getty and Roberta Manning, eds., Stalinist Terror: New Perspectives S

Christopher Read, “Main Currents of Interpretation of Stalin and the Stalin Years” BB

 

HISTORIANS AND THEIR VIEWS

 

Robert Tucker, “Stalinism as Revolution from Above” in Robert Tucker, ed., Stalinism,

     pp. 77-111 S/BB

Robert Tucker, “Stalin, Bukharin, and History as Conspiracy” in Robert Tucker, ed.,

     The Soviet Political Mind, revised edition, pp. 49-86 S/BB

Robert Tucker, Stalin as Revolutionary, pp. 421-493 S

 

Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic Mountain, chapter 7 and aferword

 

Oleg Khlevnyuk, “The Objectives of the Great Terror, 1937-1938” BB

 

Terry Martin, “The Origins of Soviet Ethnic Cleansing,” Journal of Modern History,

     vol. 70, no. 4 (December 1998), pp. 813-861  JSTOR

 

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 7, S/BB

 

Roy Medvedev, “The Social Basis of Stalinism” in Robert Daniels, ed., The

     Stalin Revolution, 3rd edition S//BB

Roy Medvedev, Let History Judge S

 

Leon Trotsky, “Soviet Bonapartism,” in Robert Daniels, ed., The Stalin

     Revolution, 3rd edition, S/BB

 

Ronald Suny, “Stalin and His Stalinism: Power and Authority in the Soviet Union,

     1930-1953” in Moshe Lewin and Ian Kershaw, eds., Stalinism and Nazism:

     Dictatorships in Comparison, S/BB

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “The Russian Revolution and Social Mobility, “ Politics and

     Society, vol. 13, no. 2 (1984), pp. 119-142 BB

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Stalin and the Making of a New Elite, 1928-1939,” Slavic

     Review, vol. 38, no. 3 (1979), pp. 377-402 BB

 

J. Arch Getty and Oleg Naumov, eds., The Road to Terror: Stalin and the Self-

     Destruction of the Bolsheviks, 1932-1939, introduction and conclusion S/BB

J. Arch Getty, The Origins of the Great Purge, pp. 1-9 and 196-210  S/BB

J. Arch Getty, “Party and Purge in Smolensk, 1933-1937” and Discussion in

     Slavic Review, vol. 42, no. 4 (1983), pp. 60-96  BB

 

Moshe Lewin, The Making of the Soviet System (“The Social Background of Stalinism”

     and “Grappling with Stalinism” S/BB

Moshe Lewin, “Bureaucracy and the Stalinist State” in Moshe Lewin and Ian Kershaw,

     eds., Stalinism and Nazism: Dicatorships in Comparison, S/BB

 

Theodore von Laue, “Stalin in Focus,” Slavic Review, vol. 42, no. 3 (1983), pp.

     373-389 BB

Theodore von Laue, “Stalin Reviewed,” Soviet Union/Union Sovietique, vol. 11, pt.

     1 (1984), pp. 71-92  BB

Theodore von Laue, “Stalin among the Moral and Political Imperatives, or How to

     Judge Stalin,” Soviet Union/Union Sovietique, vol.  8, pt. 1 (1981), pp. 1-17 BB

 

TOPICS

 

Explaining the Purges

What is “Stalinism?”


WEEK TWELVE: THE MEANING OF WAR AND THE FINAL YEARS OF STALIN

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

John Barber and Mark Harrison, “The Patriotic War, 1941-1945” in The Cambridge

     History of Russia, volume 3, pp. 217-242  S

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg Khlevniuk, “Stalin and His Circle” in The Cambridge

    History of Russia, volume 3, pp. 243-267  S

Juliane Furst, ed.,  Late Stalinist Russia: Society between Reconstruction and Reinvention

     Introduction BB  

Amir Weiner, “When Memory Counts: War, Genocide, and Postwar Soviet Jewry” BB

David Hoffmann, “European Modernity and Soviet Socialism” BB

Elena Zubkova, “Russia After the War: Hopes, Illusions, and Disappointments” BB

      (Please note that this is a selection from the book Russia After the War, which

      is available on seminar reserve.  An electronic version can be accessed via Tripod.)

William Fuller, “The Great Fatherland War and Late Stalinism, 1941-1953” BB

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapters 5 and 6 S

Zvi Gitelman, “The Black Years and the Gray”  BB

Jeffrey Veidlinger, “Soviet Jewry as a Diaspora Nationality: The `Black Years’

     Reconsidered,” East European Jewish Affairs, vol. 33, no. 1 (2003)  BB

“The Arrest of a Group of Doctor-Saboteurs” and “Spies and Murderers in the Guise of

     Physicians and Scientists”  BB

Alexander Lokshin, “The Doctors’ Plot: The Non-Jewish Response”  BB

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg Khlevniuk, Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Class

     Online: Ebrary

Amir Weiner, Making Sense of War: The Second World War

     and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution S

 

TOPICS

 

The Significance of World War Two on Soviet Politics and Society

What Was Stalin Up to before He Died?

 

WEEK THIRTEEN: DESTALINIZATION AND THE FATE OF THE REVOLUTION

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Gregory Freeze, “From Stalinism to Stagnation, 1953-1985” BB

William Taubman, “The Khrushchev Period, 1953-1964” in The Cambridge

     History of Russia, volume 3, pp. 268-291  S

Stephen Hanson, “The Brezhnev Era” in The Cambridge History of Russia, volume

     3, pp. 292-315  S

Archie Brown, “The Gorbachev Era” in The Cambridge History of Russia, volume

     3, pp. 316-351  S

 

DESTALINIZATION AND AFTER

 

Nikita Khrushchev, “Secret Speech at the Twentieth Party Congress, 1956” BB

Stephen Cohen, “The Stalin Question Since Stalin” and “The Friends and Foes

     of Change: Soviet Reformism and Conservatism” BB

John Bushnell, “The `New Soviet Man’ Turns Pessimist” BB

James Millar, “The Little Deal” BB

Mikhail Gorbachev, “Speech from 1987” BB

Martin Malia, “To the Stalin Mausoleum” BB

Alexander Dallin “Causes of the Collapse of the USSR” BB

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 13 S/BB

 

RECOMMENDED

 

Moshe Lewin, The Gorbachev Phenomenon S

Alexander Dallin, “Causes of the Collapse of the Soviet Union” BB

William Taubman, Khrushchev: The Man and His Era S

William Taubman, ed., Nikita Khrushchev S

Stephen Kotkin, Armageddon Averted

 

TOPICS

 

De-Stalinization and Its Limits

 

 

THREE-HOUR WRITTEN EXAM