William Graham Sumner

Selected Bibliography

*latest revision 12/27/00

Books (and unpublished dissertations)

Armentano, Dominick T. The Political Economy of William Graham Sumner (Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms, 1967);

Bellomy, Donald C. William Graham Sumner: The Molding of an Iconoclast. Unpublished Ph.D. Harvard, 1980.

Curtis, Bruce. William Graham Sumner. Boston, 1981.

Dixwell, George Basil, Premises of free trade examined; also reviews. . . of Professor Sumner's speech before the Tariff commission . . ." (Cambridge, J. Wilson and son, 1883[ S McCabe HF1755 .D6].

Keller, Albert Galloway, Reminiscences (mainly personal) of William Graham Sumner (New Haven, Yale university press; London, H. Milford, Oxford university press, 1933 [ B Canaday H59.S8 K ; H Magill H59.S8 K4

Koegel, Robert, [ City U New York, NY 10021] "William Graham Sumner: Critical Theorist of Modernity. Dissertation Abstracts International, A: The Humanities and Social Sciences50:11,(May, 1990): 3743 A 3744 A.

Sheketoff, Merwin A. William Graham Sumner: Social Christian, 1869 72, unpublished Ph.D., Harvard, 1961

Starr, Harris. William Graham Sumner. New York, 1925.


Ball, H. V. Law and Social Change: Sumner Reconsidered," American Journal of Sociology 67 (1962): 532-40.

Bannister, Robert C., "William Graham Sumner's 'social Darwinism' Reconsidered," History of Political Economy, 5 (1973): 89-109, revised as chapter 5 of Social Darwinism: Science and Myth (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1979, 1988), pp. 97-113

Burton, William L , "The Conservatism of William Graham Sumner," Modern Age (1959-60):45-51.

Chamberlain, John , "William Graham Sumner and the Old Republic," Modern Age 4 (1959-60):\52-62.

Curtis, Bruce , "Victorians Abed: William Graham Sumner on the Family, Women, and Sex," American Studies, (1977):101-122.

Curtis, Bruce. "William Graham Sumner and the Problem of Progress," New England Quarterly 51 (1978): 348 -69.

Garson, Robert and Richard Maidment,"Social Darwinism and the Liberal Tradition," South Atlantic Quarterly 80 (1981): 61-76;

Heyl, John D. and Barbara S. "The Sumner Porter Controversy at Yale." Sociological Inquiry 46 (1976): 41- 49.

Hinkle, Roscoe, and Smith, Norman. "Sumner versus Keller." Sociological Inquiry 49 (1979): 41-48.

Lee, Alfred McClung [Drew U, Madison NJ 07940]. "A Response to Dusky Lee Smith and Larry T. Reynolds, "The Sociologist as Critical Apologist: William Graham Sumner as an Anti Imperialist" Humanity and Society; 1988, 12, 2, May, 204- 206.

Lemert, Edwin M. , "The Folkways and Social Control," American Sociological Review 7 (1942): 394-99;

Notestein, Robert B," William Graham Sumner: an essay in the Sociology of Knowledge," American Journal of Economics 18 (1959): 397-413;

Notestein, Robert B. , " The Moral Rigorism of William Graham Sumner," Journal of the History of Ideas 16 (1955): 389-400;

Park, Robert E. "Sumner's Conception of Society," Chinese Social and Political Science Review 17 (1933): 230-41;

Paul, Ellen Frankel, "Liberalism, unintended orders and evolutionism, Political Studies 36 (June 1988):. 251 -72 [Sumner and Hayek]

Pease, Norton, J. , "Talks with a Great Teacher." World's Work 20 (1910): 13290 -92.

Pickens, Donald K , "Folkways and Scottish Common Sense Philosophy," Quarterly Journal of Ideology; 1983, 7, 1, spring, 12 -19.

Pickens, Donald K, . "Scottish Common Sense Philosophy and Folkways," Journal of Thought 22 (1987): 39-44;

Pickens, Donald K. , "William Graham Sumner: Moralist as Social Scientist," Social Science 43 (1968): 202-09;

Pickens, Donald K.[ Dept History North Texas State U, Denton 76203 3735], "Scottish Common Sense Philosophy and Folkways," Journal of Thought 22, 1 (spring, 1987): 39-44.

Saint Arnaud, Pierre, "William Graham Sumner et les debuts de la sociologie americaine [book review], The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 24 (Feb. 1987) p. 136- 8

Smith, Dusky Lee; Reynolds, Larry T.[ McMaster U, Hamilton Ontario L8S 4L8], "The Sociologist as Critical Apologist: William Graham Sumner as an Anti Imperialist Imperialist," Humanity and Society 11, 1, (Feb, 1987): 58 79.

Smith, Norman E. , "William Graham Sumner as an Anti-Social Darwinist," Pacific Sociological Review 22 (1979): 332-47;

Smith, Norman E., and Roscoe C. Hinkle. 1979. "Sumner versus Keller and the Social Evolutionism of Early American Sociology." Sociological Inquiry 49 (1): 418.

Weinstein, Jay [Georgia Instit Technology, Atlanta 30332],"The Sociology of Technology in the Early Academic Era: The Legacies of Weber and Veblen," Quarterly Journal of Ideology 5, 2, (summer, 1981):49 -57 [includes Veblen's roots in the "progressive" tradition of William Sumner & Herbert Spencer]

Chapters on Sumner in Other Books

Bannister, Robert C. Sociology and Scientism: The American Quest for Objectivity 1880-1940 (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1987), pp.87-110.

Hofstadter, Richard, Social Darwinism in American Thought (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1944), pp.37-51;

McCloskey, Robert G., American conservatism in the age of enterprise; a study of William Graham Sumner, Stephen J. Field, and Andrew Carnegie (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1951) [ H Magill JA84.U5 M12 ;S McCabe JA84.U5 M35 ; B Canaday 320.973 M132a

O'Connor, William Thomas, Naturalism and the pioneers of American sociology(Washington, D.C., The Catholic university of America press, 1942) [S McCabe HM22.U6 O3

Page, Charles Hunt, Class and American sociology: from Ward to Ross New York, Schocken Books [1969] McCabe HT609 .P32 1969


Written by Robert Bannister, Swarthmore College (emeritus). Please send suggestions/corrections to rbannis1@swarthmore.edu