Wiley, H.W. Foods and Their Adulteration World's Work various articles/editorials 1906


Anderson, Oscar, "The 1906 Pure Food and Drugs Act," The Government and the Consumer (1963).

_____"The Pure Food Issue," American Hist. Rev. 61 (1956), 550-73.

_____ The Health of a Nation: Harvey W. Wiley and the Fight for Pure Food (1958) [Sw. no]

Bailey, T.A. "Congressional Opposition to Pure Food Legislation," Am. J.Sociology 36 (1930).

Barkan, Ilyse D., "Industry Invites Regulation: the Passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906," American Journal of Public Health 75 (Jan. 1985), 18-20.

Okun, Mitchell, Fairplay in the Marketplace: the First Battle for Pure Food and Drugs (DeKalb, IL 1986). [ord. 10/88].

Young, The Medical Messiahs

Young, James Harvey, Pure food : securing the Federal Food and Drugs Act of 1906 (Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1989.) [H Magill KF3864.526.A16 Y68 1989 ]



Baker, Ray S., "The Private Car and the Beef Trust," McClure's 26 (1906), 318-31.

Breckinridge, S. P. and Abbott, Edith, "Housing Conditions in Chicago: III Back of the Yards," American Journal of Sociology 16 (1911).

Bushnell, Charles H. The Social Problem at the Chicago Stockyards (Chicago, 1902).

Buchanan, George "The So-Called Beef Trust." Century Magazine 43 (November 1902), 149-50.

Commons, John R. "Labor Conditions in Meat-packing and the Recent Strike," Quarterly Journal of Economics 19 (November, 1904).

Fraser, John Foster, America at Work (London, 1903).

Hill., William, "Conditions in the Cattle Industry," Journal of Political Economy 13 (1904), 1.

Kaztauskis, Antanas, "From Lithuania to the Chicago Stockyards," Independent 57 (August 4, 1904), 241-48.

Lloyd, Henry D. Wealth against Commonwealth(NY, 1894), pp. 33-37.

Moody, John, The Truth about the Trusts

Poole, Ernest, "The Meat Strike," Independent 57 (July 28, 1904).

Roosevelt, Theodore, Letters ed. E. Morison et al. [see for 1905-6]

Russell, Charles E., The Greatest Trust in the World (New York, 1905).

Seaman, L.L. "Is Chicago Meat Clean? Collier's 35 (April 22, 1905).

Sinclair, U. The Jungle (1906)

Simons, Algie M. "Packingtown, 'The Jungle' and Its Critics," International Socialist Review 6 (June 1, 1906), 712.

Swados, Harvey Years of Conscience, docs in chapter 6.

Thompson, Carl W., "Labor in the Packing Industry," Journal of Political Economy 15 (January, 1907).


Anderson, O.G. Refrigeration in America (1953) [TP494.U5A7]

Arnould, Richard J."Changing patterns of Concentration in American Meat Packing 1880-1963," Business History Review 45 (1971).

Barrett, James R., Working Community in the Jungle: Chicago's Packinghouse Workers 1894-1922 (Urbana,IL, 1987).

Brody, David, The Butcher Workmen: A Study of Unionization (Cambridge, MA 1964).

Gras, N.S.B. and Larson, "Armour and Company," Casebook in American Business History

Keuchel, Edward F. "Chemicals and Meat: The Embalmed Beef Scandal," Bulletin of the History of Medicine 48 (1974).

Leach, H. and Carroll, Armour and His Times

Miller, Evertett B., "How Important Was Upton Sinclair's The Jungle to Federal Meat Inspection Reform? Vetinary Heritage 10 (Feb. 1987), 11-12.

Rosenkrantz, Barbara G. "The Trouble with Bovine Tuberculosis," Bulletin of the History of Medicine 59 (Summer 1985).

Skaggs, Jimmy R., Prime Cut: Livestock Raising and Meatpacking in the U.S. 1607-1983 (College Sta., TX 1986) [Sw. no]

Slayton, Robert A., Back fo the Yards: The Making of a Local Democracy (Chicago, 1986).

Wade, Louise Carroll, Chicago's Pride: the Stockyards, Packingtown, and Environs in the 19th Century (Urbana, IL 1987).

Wade, Louise The Problem with Classroom Use of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle," American Studies 32 (Fall 1991), 79-101

Walsh, Margaret, The Rise of the Midwestern Meat Packing Inductry (Lexington, Ky, 1982).

Yeager, Mary, Competition and Regulation: the Development of Oligopoly in the Meat Packing Industry (Greenwich, Conn. 1981).



Written by Robert Bannister, Swarthmore College (emeritus). Please send suggestions/corrections to rbannis1@swarthmore.edu