6/20/91, 5/10/95


Church, Robert, Education in the United States (1976)

Cremin, Lawrence, Transformation of the School

Spring, Joel Education and the Rise of the Corporate State

Tyack, David, The One Best System: A History of American Urban Education (1974)

Intelligence Testing

Church, Robert, "Educational Psychology and Social Refrom in the Progressive Era," History of Education Quarterly 11 (1971) Kamin, Leon, The Science and Politics of I.Q. (1974)

Pastore, N. "The Army Intelligence Tests and Walter Lippmann, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 14 (1978), 316-27.

Professionalization and Bureaucracy

Katz, Michael, Class, Bureaucracy and Schools

'' , "The Emergence of Bureaucracy in Urban Education," History of Education Quarterly 8 (1968), 155-88, 319-57.

Mattingly, Paul H., The Classless Profession: American Schoolmen in the 19th Century (1975)

Tyack, David, "Bureaucracy and the Common School," American Quarterly 19 (1967)

Urban, Wayne, "Organized Teachers and Educational Refrom during the Progressive Era 1890-1920," History of Education Quarterly 16 (1976).

Fones-Wolf, Elizabeth., "The politics of vocationalism: coalitions and industrial education in the Progressive Era, "The Historian v. 46 (Nov. '83) p. 39-55



Written by Robert Bannister, Swarthmore College (emeritus). Please send suggestions/corrections to