**Office:**

**EDUCATION**

Examinations in mathematics, statistics, and sociology; The University of Oslo, Norway, 1954-58.

AM in mathematics 1960, AM in sociology 1961; The University of Michigan.

PhD in statistics; Harvard University, 1969.

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**PUBLICATIONS**

**Papers and Chapters**

"On the existence of forces restoring party competition," The Public Opinion Quarterly, vol. 26, 1962, pp. 159-171, with Donald E. Stokes. Also reprinted in Angus Campbell, Philip E. Converse, Warren E. Miller and Donald E. Stokes (eds.), Elections and the Political Order, New York: Wiley, 1966, pp. 180-193.

"Statistics according to Bayes," in Edgar F. Borgatta and George
W. Bohrnstedt (eds.), *Sociological Methodology* *1970*,
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1970, pp. 185-199.

"Operationalizing the concept of probability in legal-social
science research," *Law and Society Review*, vol. 5, 1971, pp.
331-333.

"Bias and runs in dice throwing and recording: A few million
throws," *Psykometrica*, vol. 36, 1971, pp. 1-19, with William
Longcor, Frederick Mosteller, John Gilbert and Cleo Youtz.

"Social science and statistics," review article in *World
Politics*, vol. XXV, 1972, pp. 145-154.

"Recovering individual data in the presence of group and
individual effects," *The American Journal of Sociology*, vol.
79, 1973, pp. 420-434.

"Decomposition of chi-square: A forgotten technique,"
*Sociological Methods and Research*, vol. 8, 1979, pp. 143-157.

"Group data and individual behavior," in Jerome M. Clubb, William
H. Flanigan and Nancy H. Zingale (eds.), *Analyzing Electoral
History: A Guide to the Study of American Voting Behavior*, Sage
Focus Editions 33, Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1981, pp.
267-302.

"Eilert Sundt som statistiker," *Tidskrift for
Samfunnsforskning*, vol. 24 (no. 6), 1983, pp. 577-591. ("Eilert
Sundt as statistician," *Norwegian Journal of Social Science
Research*, English summary pp. 590-591).

"Statistics and liberal arts education," *The American
Statistician*, vol. 39 (no. 1), 1985, pp. 17-19.

"Statistician, examine thyself * * *," *The College Mathematics
Journal*, vol. 19 (no. 1), 1988, pp. 16-18.

"Absolute and relative individual effects in contextual analysis,"
*Historical Methods*, vol. 22 (no. 1, Winter), 1989, pp. 21-25.

Review of Judith M. Tanur, Frederick Mosteller *et al*.
(eds.), *Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown*, in Stephen E.
Fienberg, David C. Hoaglin, William H. Kurskal and Judith M. Tanur
(eds.), *A Statistics Model: Frederick Mosteller's Contributions to
Statistics, Science, and Public Policy*, New York:
Springer-Verlag, 1990, pp. 230-232.

"Absolute versus relative effects and their measurement in
contextual analysis," in Pieter van den Eeden, Joop Hox and Joost
Hauer (eds.), *Theory and Model in Multilevel Research: Convergence
or Divergence?* Amsterdam: SISWO Publication 351, 1990, pp.
127-143.

"Writing papers in a statistics course," *American Statistical
Association 1991 Proceedings of the Section on Statistical
Education*, Washington: American Statistical Association, 1991,
pp. 29-32.

"Two kinds of introductory courses," in Lynn Arthur Steen (ed.),
*Heeding the Call for Change: Suggestions for Curricular
Action.* The Mathematical Association of America Notes #22, 1992,
pp. 29-30.

"Mathematics and statistics: An uneasy marriage," in Florence and
Sheldon Gordon (eds.), *Statistics for the Twenty First
Century*. The Mathematical Association of American Notes #26,
1992, pp. 37-44.

"Ten MORE great statistics books every statistician should own,"
*Stats: The Magazine for Students of Statistics*, Spring 1994,
no. 11, pp. 12-13.

**Books and Monographs**

*Sociology and Statistics*, (Bobbs-Merrill Studies in
Sociology Series), Indianapolis, Indiana: Bobbs-Merrill, 1972, 46 pp.

*Analysis of Variance*, (Sage University Paper Series on
Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, series no. 07-001)
Beverly Hills, California: Sage Publications, 1976, 95 pp. with
Helmut Norpoth. 2nd edition 1987. Reprinted in Michael S.
Lewis-Beck (ed.), *Experimental Design and Methods*, Thousand
Oaks, California: Sage Publications and Toppan Publishing, 1993, pp.
161-250.

*Statistics for Sociology*, Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown
Company Publishers, 1979, xvii + 412 pp. with *Solution Manual*.

*Contextual Analysis: Concepts and Statistical Techniques*,
Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1979, xxvi + 274
pp. with Lawrence H. Boyd, Jr. and a foreword by Heinz Eulau.

*Bayesian Statistical Inference*, (Sage University Paper
Series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, eries no.
07-043) Beverly Hills, California: Sage Publications, 1984, 80 pp.

*Contextual Analysis*, (Sage University Paper Series on
Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, series no. 07-081)
Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications, 1991, 84 pp.

*Calculus*, (Sage University Paper Series on Quantitative
Applications in the Social Sciences, series no. 07-110) Thousand
Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 1996, vi + 82 pp.

*Statistics: The Conceptual Approach*, New York:
Springer-Verlag New York Publisher, 1997, vi + 735 pp., with Mary
Gergen.