Examinations in mathematics, statistics, and sociology; The University of Oslo, Norway, 1954-58.
AM in mathematics 1960, AM in sociology 1961; The University of Michigan.
PhD in statistics; Harvard University, 1969.
"On the existence of forces restoring party competition," The Public Opinion Quarterly, vol. 26, 1962, pp. 159-171, with Donald E. Stokes. Also reprinted in Angus Campbell, Philip E. Converse, Warren E. Miller and Donald E. Stokes (eds.), Elections and the Political Order, New York: Wiley, 1966, pp. 180-193.
"Statistics according to Bayes," in Edgar F. Borgatta and George W. Bohrnstedt (eds.), Sociological Methodology 1970, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1970, pp. 185-199.
"Operationalizing the concept of probability in legal-social science research," Law and Society Review, vol. 5, 1971, pp. 331-333.
"Bias and runs in dice throwing and recording: A few million throws," Psykometrica, vol. 36, 1971, pp. 1-19, with William Longcor, Frederick Mosteller, John Gilbert and Cleo Youtz.
"Social science and statistics," review article in World Politics, vol. XXV, 1972, pp. 145-154.
"Recovering individual data in the presence of group and individual effects," The American Journal of Sociology, vol. 79, 1973, pp. 420-434.
"Decomposition of chi-square: A forgotten technique," Sociological Methods and Research, vol. 8, 1979, pp. 143-157.
"Group data and individual behavior," in Jerome M. Clubb, William H. Flanigan and Nancy H. Zingale (eds.), Analyzing Electoral History: A Guide to the Study of American Voting Behavior, Sage Focus Editions 33, Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1981, pp. 267-302.
"Eilert Sundt som statistiker," Tidskrift for Samfunnsforskning, vol. 24 (no. 6), 1983, pp. 577-591. ("Eilert Sundt as statistician," Norwegian Journal of Social Science Research, English summary pp. 590-591).
"Statistics and liberal arts education," The American Statistician, vol. 39 (no. 1), 1985, pp. 17-19.
"Statistician, examine thyself * * *," The College Mathematics Journal, vol. 19 (no. 1), 1988, pp. 16-18.
"Absolute and relative individual effects in contextual analysis," Historical Methods, vol. 22 (no. 1, Winter), 1989, pp. 21-25.
Review of Judith M. Tanur, Frederick Mosteller et al. (eds.), Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown, in Stephen E. Fienberg, David C. Hoaglin, William H. Kurskal and Judith M. Tanur (eds.), A Statistics Model: Frederick Mosteller's Contributions to Statistics, Science, and Public Policy, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1990, pp. 230-232.
"Absolute versus relative effects and their measurement in contextual analysis," in Pieter van den Eeden, Joop Hox and Joost Hauer (eds.), Theory and Model in Multilevel Research: Convergence or Divergence? Amsterdam: SISWO Publication 351, 1990, pp. 127-143.
"Writing papers in a statistics course," American Statistical Association 1991 Proceedings of the Section on Statistical Education, Washington: American Statistical Association, 1991, pp. 29-32.
"Two kinds of introductory courses," in Lynn Arthur Steen (ed.), Heeding the Call for Change: Suggestions for Curricular Action. The Mathematical Association of America Notes #22, 1992, pp. 29-30.
"Mathematics and statistics: An uneasy marriage," in Florence and Sheldon Gordon (eds.), Statistics for the Twenty First Century. The Mathematical Association of American Notes #26, 1992, pp. 37-44.
"Ten MORE great statistics books every statistician should own," Stats: The Magazine for Students of Statistics, Spring 1994, no. 11, pp. 12-13.
Sociology and Statistics, (Bobbs-Merrill Studies in Sociology Series), Indianapolis, Indiana: Bobbs-Merrill, 1972, 46 pp.
Analysis of Variance, (Sage University Paper Series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, series no. 07-001) Beverly Hills, California: Sage Publications, 1976, 95 pp. with Helmut Norpoth. 2nd edition 1987. Reprinted in Michael S. Lewis-Beck (ed.), Experimental Design and Methods, Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications and Toppan Publishing, 1993, pp. 161-250.
Statistics for Sociology, Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers, 1979, xvii + 412 pp. with Solution Manual.
Contextual Analysis: Concepts and Statistical Techniques, Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1979, xxvi + 274 pp. with Lawrence H. Boyd, Jr. and a foreword by Heinz Eulau.
Bayesian Statistical Inference, (Sage University Paper Series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, eries no. 07-043) Beverly Hills, California: Sage Publications, 1984, 80 pp.
Contextual Analysis, (Sage University Paper Series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, series no. 07-081) Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications, 1991, 84 pp.
Calculus, (Sage University Paper Series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, series no. 07-110) Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 1996, vi + 82 pp.
Statistics: The Conceptual Approach, New York: Springer-Verlag New York Publisher, 1997, vi + 735 pp., with Mary Gergen.