Historiographical Debates:

Debate: The Origins of Slavery in the English Colonies

Oscar Handlin and Mary Handlin, "Origins of the Southern Labor System," William and Mary Quarterly 7 (1950), 199-222.

Carl N. Degler, "Slavery and the Genesis of American Race Prejudice," Comparative Studies in Society and History 2 (1959), 49-56.

Winthrop Jordan, White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812, chapter 2.

Edmund Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom, pp. 154-57 & ch. 15.

Russell Menard, "From Servants to Slaves: The Transformation of the Chesapeake Labor System," Southern Studies 16 (1977), reprinted in Karen Kupperman, ed., Major Problems in American Colonial History, 108-15 [RESERVE BINDER]


Historiographical Debates:

Debate: The Construction of Race

Various articles in special issue of the William and Mary Quarterly, vol. 54 (January 1997), especially the essays by Davis, Morgan, Sweet, & Blackburn.

Kathleen Brown, "Gender and Race in Early America," Reviews in American History 26 (March 1998), 96-123.

Barbara Fields, "Ideology and Race in American History," in J. Morgan Kousser and James McPherson, eds., Region, Race, and Reconstruction , pp. 143-77.

James Campbell and James Oakes, "The Invention of Race: Rereading White Over Black," Reviews in American History 21 (1993), 172-83.

Winthrop Jordan, White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812 (1968), ch. 1 & pp. 91-98.


Historiographical Debates:

Debate: Anne Hutchinson & Antinomian Controversy

Richard S. Dunn's Review of Emery Battis, Saints and Sectaries (1962), in Mississippi Valley Historical Review 50 (Jun., 1963), 105-107.

Ben Barker-Benfield, "Anne Hutchinson and the Puritan Attitude Toward Women," Feminist Studies 1 (Fall 1972), 65-96.

Lyle Koehler, "The Case of the American Jezebels: Anne Hutchinson and Female Agitation during the Years of the Antinominan Turmoil, 1636-1640," William and Mary Quarterly 31 (1974), 55-78.

Amy Lang, Prophetic Woman: Anne Hutchinson and the Problem of Dissent in the Literature of New England (1987), chapter 2-3.

Marilyn J. Westerkamp, "Anne Hutchinson, Sectarian Mysticism, and the Puritan Order," Church History 59 (Dec. 1990), 482-96

Amanda Porterfield, Female Piety in Puritan New England (1992), chapter 3.


Historiographical Debates:

Debate: Explaining Witchcraft

A.D.J. Macfarlane, Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England (1970), chapter 12 & 15.

Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic (1971), chapter 16-17.

Chadwick Hansen, Witchcraft at Salem (1969), pp. ix-xvi.

Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum, Salem Possessed (1974), pp. 30-35, & chap. 4.

John Demos, Entertaining Satan, chapter 6.

*Carol F. Karlson, The Devil in the Shape of a Woman. (1987).

Jane Kamensky, Governing the Tongue, chapter 6.


Historiographical Debates:

Debate: Regional Focus of Colonial Historians - Which Region is Most American?

David Hackett Fischer, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America (1989), 3-11, 783-812.

Forum on Fischer's Albion Seed, in William and Mary Quarterly 48 (1991), 223-308.

Jack P. Greene, Pursuits of Happiness: The Social Development of Early Modern British Colonies and the Formation of American Culture (1988), Preface, Prologue, and ch. 8.

Sacvan Bercovitch, The Puritan Origins of the American Self (1975), ch. 5.

Michael Zuckerman, "Introduction: Puritans, Cavaliers, and the Motley Middle," in Zuckerman, ed., Friends and Neighbors: Group Life in America's First Plural Society (1982).

R. D. Mitchell, "The Formation of Early American Cultural Regions," in European Settlement and Development in North America (1978).


Historiographical Debates:

Debate: A Golden Age for Women?

Elisabeth W. Dexter, Colonial Women of Affairs (1931), 180-94.

Julia Cherry Spruill, Women's Life and Work in the Southern Colonies (1938), ch. 11.

Gerda Lerner, "The Lady and the Mill Girl: Changes in the Status of Women in the Age of Jackson, 1800-1840," (1969) reprinted in Cott & Pleck, A Heritage of Her Own; or in Friedman & Shade, Our American Sisters.

Mary Beth Norton, "The Myth of the Golden Age," in Carol R. Berkin & Norton, eds., Women of America: A History (1979), 37-46.

Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, Good Wives (1980), ch. 2.

Marilyn Salmon, Women and the Law of Property in Early America (1986), 185-93.



Historiographical Debates:

Debate: Consumer Revolution: Was there a Revolution?

Neil McKendrick, et al, The Birth of a Consumer Society (1982), ch. 1.

T. H. Breen, "An Empire of Goods: The Anglicization of Colonial America," Journal of British Studies 25 (1986), 467-99.

T.H. Breen, "'Baubles of Britain': The American and Consumer Revolutions of the Eighteenth Century," Past and Present 119 (1988), 73-104.

Lois Green Carr and Lorena S. Walsh, "Changing Lifestyles and Consumer Behavior in the Colonial Chesapeake," in Cary Carson, etal, ed., Of Consuming Interests (1994), 59-166.

Carole Shammas, The Pre-Industrial Consumer (1990), ch. 4 & 10.

Jan DeVries, "Between Purchasing Power and the World of Goods: Understanding the Household Economy in Early Modern Europe," in John Brewer and Roy Porter, eds., Consumption and the World of Goods (1993), 85-132.


Historiographical Debates:

Debate: Iroquois Influence Thesis

Donald A. Grinde, The Iroquois and the Founding of the American Nation (1977), ch. 2.

Bruce E. Johansen, Forgotten Founders: Benjamin Franklin, the Iroquois, and the Rationale for the American Revolution (1982), ch. 1, 4, 6.

Grinde and Johansen, Exemplar of Liberty: Native America and the Evolution of Democracy (1991), ch. 6, 8-10.

Forum on the Iroquois Influence Thesis, William and Mary Quarterly 33 (1996), 587-636.

* You might also look at book reviews of Grinde and Johansen's books.


Historiographical Debates:

Debate: Was There Really a Great Awakening?

William McLoughlin, Revivals, Awakenings and Reform (1979), ch. 3.

Jon Butler, "Enthusiasm Described and Decried: The Great Awakening as Interpretive Fiction," Journal of American History 69 (1982), 305-25.

Martin E. Lodge, "The Crisis of the Churches in the Middle Colonies, 1720-1750," Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 95 (1971), 195-220.

Susan O'Brien, "A Transatlantic Community of Saints: The Great Awakening and the First Evangelical Network, 1735-1755," American Historical Review 91 (1986), 811-832.

Rhys Isaac, "The Evangelical Revolt: The Nature of the Baptists' Challenge to the Traditional Order in Virginia, 1765 to 1775," William and Mary Quarterly 31 (1974), 345-368.

Harry S. Stout, "Religion, Communication, and the Ideological Origins of the American Revolution," William and Mary Quarterly 34 (1977), 519-41.

John Murrin, "No Awakening, No Revolution? More Counterfactual Speculations," Reviews in American History 11 (1983), 161-71.

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