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Instructional Techniques in the Elementary Classroom
The following is a list of instructional techniques salient
to the elementary classroom, followed by lessons in my portfolio that
demonstrate my use of them. (Of course, there are many more instances
of these techniques not only within my portfolio, but in my broader student
| Demonstration of Use
Almost every lesson involved some degree of facilitating discussion.
Some examples include:
While we read about the Walking
Purchase we discussed the events that transpired and how students
felt about them.
We also used discussion in rewriting a paragraph
from Sandra Cisnero's House on Mango Street into a poem.
After a simulation on the effects
of DDT, the students discussed and debated the material in a large
Discussion also occurred many times during math
lessons, one example being a discussion the students had about
different types of angles.
Often, short lecture played a role in the lessons. Here are some
Throughout the geometry unit, there were times where I would lecture
for a couple of minutes about a topic.
During the Rachel Carson unit, I
sometimes stoped to give students mini-lectures about the historical
background of the times that Carson lived in.
During a unit on Rachel Carson, I did a simulation
with my students to give them sense of the devastating effects of
DDT on different animals in a food chain.
During a lesson of Colonial Pennsylvania, I had students perform
skits about the Walking Purchase.
|Cooperative Group Work
Students often worked small groups or in pairs. Some examples include:
Students worked in groups during several math lessons: in
pairs during a lesson on symmetry, in
small groups at the computer during the same lesson.
When students worked on skits
about the Walking Purchase, I had students working in cooperative
groups of five or six students.
In the Rachel Carson unit, students worked in
pairs to make timelines.
Of course, the elementary teacher is always transitioning from
subject to subject throughout the day. During lessons though, I
also usually transitioned between several different activities.
Here are a few lessons that demonstrate this:
During a lesson on Rachel
Carson, I transitioned between doing a simulation, having a
discussion and reading aloud to the students.
During a math lesson on triangles,
I transitioned between group work and two different independent
During a lesson on the Walking Purchase,
I transitioned from reading aloud to discussion to group work to
performing skits to debriefing the skits.
|Introducing and Concluding
Almost every lesson/unit that I did had some sort of introduction
I introduced several units, including the unit on Rachel
Carson and the Environment, in which I read the students the
Lorax; and the unit on Geometry
in which we discussed a definition of geometry.
Some examples of conclusions include:
The last Rachel Carson lesson, in
which students watch a movie that ties together everything they
The conclusion to a lesson on the Walking
Purchase, in which the class discusses the skits they have performed.
During many math lessons,
including the one on area, I used demonstrations to help my students
understand a concept.
During the unit on Rachel Carson
and the environment, I had a lesson in which I demonstrated eye-catching
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