Swarthmore College Peace Collection, 500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081 USA

CPS = Civilian Public Service, an Alternative Service for American Conscientious Objectors to War During WWII

SUBJECT FILE:
CIVILIAN PUBLIC SERVICE


List of All CPS Camps
General
Box 1
Dated material, 1940
Dated material, 1941
Dated material, 1942
Dated material, 1943 [includes hunger strike at camp #32]
Dated material, 1943-1944: progress reports by Harold Guetzkow re: studies of CPSers [removed from box 164 of Series F,1 (formerly Series D) in DG 025, where it had been filed incorrectly]
Dated material, 1944
Dated material, 1945
Dated material, 1946-1947
Strikes at Glendora & Big Flats CPS camps, 1946
Undated material
List of photos available at Mennonite Archives USA (Goshen)
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: miscellaneous, 1947-1979
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: miscellaneous, 1980-1999
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: conference "A Celebration of Conscience," Aug. 3-5, 1990

Box 1a (1/2 box)
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: miscellaneous, 2000-2005
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: documentary "The Good War & Those Who Refused To Fight It" (released 2001?; shown on PBS in 2002) [includes discussion guide]
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: paper "The Forgotten Exposés: Conscientious Objectors at State Institutions in WWII" by Steven Taylor, 2004
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: miscellaneous, 2006-2009
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: conference "Civilian Public Service Reconsidered," Nov. 4-7, 2006
Retrospectives / Histories / Reunions / Reminiscences: miscellaneous, 2010-current
Denominational involvement in CPS
Support by denominations
Church affiliation of assignees
Certificates for contributions ($5, $10, $35) from the AFSC

Box 2
Medical experiments using CPS men as human guinea pigs: miscellaneous
Medical experiments using CPS men as human guinea pigs: report (parts 1-2) re: experimental studies of man with a restricted intake of the B vitamins, Jan.-Feb. 1945
Medical experiments using CPS men as human guinea pigs: report "Diets & Food Items for the Production of Thiamine Deficiency in Man," Feb. 1945; report re: research project on starvation & medical rehabilitation, May 1945
Medical experiments using CPS men as human guinea pigs: booklet "Experimental Starvation in Man," Oct. 1945; booklet "Rehabilitation Following Experimental Starvation in Man," Jan. 1946
Medical experiments using CPS men as human guinea pigs: booklet "Later Stages of Rehabilitation Following Experimental Starvation in Man," Aug. 1946
Medical experiments using CPS men as human guinea pigs: booklet "Observations on Human Behavior in Semistarvation and Rehabilitation," 1948
CPS men as smokejumpers
CPS men as "sea-going cowboys" who delivered cattle to Europe & China through UNRRA [for more information click here]
CPS men (& women) as attendants (etc.) in mental hospitals [see also Harold Barton (CDGA)]
Women's service in mental hospitals: general
Women's service in mental hospitals: Philadelphia State Hospital (Byberry)
Women & CPS
Mennonite nurses serving in CPS camps [includes 2 papers by Ann Graber Hershberger]
Canadian COs in CPS

Box 3
Poetry written by men while in CPS

Material from/by Individual Camps
Note: This collection of material was originally mixed in with the CPS Camp Periodicals in DG 002. It was removed to the subject file in 2004; miscellaneous material received from donors or removed from other archival collections has also been added to this collection
Box 4
Camp #????: Journal, 1941? (May-July) [acc. 87A-087]
Glendora Camp #2 (San Dimas, California) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Patapsco Camp #3 (Elkridge, Maryland) [National Park Service]: journal of Mrs. Wildman, April 4 - May 25, 1941 [Ernest Wildman was the first camp director]
Patapsco Camp #3 (Elkridge, Maryland) [National Park Service]: reminiscences/histories
Camp #5 (Colorado Springs, Colorado) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #6 (Lagro, Indiana) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #7 (Magnolia, Arkansas) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #9 (Petersham, Massachusetts) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #10 (Royalston, Massachusetts) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #12 (Cooperstown, New York) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #14 (Merom, Indiana) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #16 (Kane, Pennsylvania) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Stronach Camp #17 (Manistee, Michigan) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #18 (Denison, Iowa) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Buck Creek Camp #19 (Marion, North Carolina) [National Park Service]: meeting minutes, etc., 1942
Buck Creek Camp #19 (Marion, North Carolina) [National Park Service]: miscellaneous & reminiscences/histories
Buck Creek Camp #19 (Marion, North Carolina) [National Park Service]: booklet "View of Buck Creek Camp"
Sideling Hill Camp #20 (Wells Tannery, Pennsylvania) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Sideling Hill Camp #20 (Wells Tannery, Pennsylvania) [Soil Conservation Service]: reminiscences/histories
Camp #21 (Cascade Locks, Oregon) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #23 (Coshocton, Ohio) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous

Box 5
Washington County Camp #24 [unit #1?] (Hagerstown, Maryland) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Washington County Camp #24 [unit #5?] (New Windsor, Maryland) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Alexian Brothers Hospital Camp #26 (Crestview, Florida) [General Hospital Service]: miscellaneous
Florida State Board of Health Camp #27 [all 4 units] (Florida) [Public Health Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #30 (Walhalla, Michigan) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Placerville Camp #31 (Camin, California) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #32 (West Campton, New Hampshire) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #32 (West Campton, New Hampshire) [U.S. Forest Service]: letter to family from Harold Winchester, 1943 (April 4)
Camp #33 (Fort Collins, Colorado) [Soil Conservation Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #35 (North Fork, California) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Camp #36 (Santa Barbara, California) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Antelope Camp #37 (Coleville, California) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous & reminiscences/histories
Antelope Camp #37 (Coleville, California) [U.S. Forest Service]: photo album [most photos removed to the Photograph Collection]
Camp #42 (Wellston, Michigan) [U.S. Forest Service]: miscellaneous
Castaner Project, #43 [units 1-4?] (Adjuntas, Puerto Rico) [Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration]: miscellaneous [includes La Plata Project]
Shenandoah National Park Camp #45 (Luray, Virginia) [National Park Service]: includes photograph of director & his family [removed tthe Photograph Collection]

Box 6
Camp #46 (Big Flats, New York) [Soil Conservation Service]: misc.
Springfield State Hospital Camp #47 (Sykesville, Maryland) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Camp #48 (Marienville, Pennsylvania) [U.S. Forest Service]: misc.
Philadelphia State Hospital Camp #49 (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Camp #51 (Fort Steilacoom, Washington) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Camp #52 (Powellsville, Maryland) [Soil Conservation Service]: misc.
Camp #53 (Gorham, New Hampshire) [U.S. Forest Service]: includes excerpts from journal & letter/s of James P. Mullin, with photos, 1943 [typed by daughter Martha in 2010]
Camp #55 (Belton, Montana) [National Park Service]: includes letter tAnna Pauline Weaver [mother of Anne Yoder] from Robert Yoder, October 22, 1944
Camp #56 (Waldport, Oregon) [U.S. Forest Service]: misc.
Camp #56 (Waldport, Oregon) [U.S. Forest Service]: reminiscences/histories
Camp #57 (Hill City, South Dakota) [Bureau of Reclamation]: misc.
Camp #59 (Elkton, Oregon) [General Land Office]: misc.

Box 7
Camp #60 (Lapine, Oregon) [Bureau of Reclamation]: misc.
Duke University Hospital Camp #61 (Durham, North Carolina) [General Hospital Service]: misc.
Cheltenham School for Boys Camp #62 (Cheltenham, Maryland) [State Training School]: misc.
New Jersey State Hospital Camp #63 (Marlbor, New Jersey) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Norristown Hospital Camp #66 (Norristown, Pennsylvania) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Norwich Hospital Camp #68 (Norwich, Connecticut) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Eastern Shore State Hospital Camp #74 (Cambridge, Maryland) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Camp #76 (Glendora, California) [U.S. Forest Service]: misc.
Lyons Veterans Hospital Camp #80 (Lyons, New Jersey) [Veterans Administration Hospital]: misc.
Connecticut State Hospital Camp #81 (Middletown, Connecticut) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Fairfield State Hospital Camp #82 (Newtown, Connecticut) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
New Hampshire State Hospital Camp #84 (Concord, New Hampshire) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Rhode Island State Hospital Camp #85 (Howard, Rhode Island) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
BrattleborRetreat Camp #87 (Brattlebor, Vermont) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Ypsilanti State Hospital Camp #90 (Ypsilanti, Michigan) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Mansfield State Training School & Hospital Camp #91 (Mansfield Depot, Connecticut) [State Training School]: misc.
Harrisburg State Hospital Camp #93 (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Camp #94 (Trenton, North Dakota) [Soil Conservation Service]: misc.
Camp #97.4 (McHenry County, Illlinois) [Dairy Farm Project]: misc.
Camp #98 (various locations) [Coast & Geodetic Survey]: misc. & reminiscences/histories
China Relief Unit Camp #99 (Chungking, China): misc.
Camp #100.6 (Oron, Maine) [Dairy Farm Project]: misc.
Missoula Camp #103 (Huson, Montana) [U.S. Forest Service]: misc.

Box 8 (1/2 box)
Ames Experiment Station / Agronomy Farm Camp #104 (Ames, Iowa) [Agriculture Experiment Station]: misc.
Camp #105 (Lynchburg, Virginia) [State Training School]: misc.Camp #107 (Three Rivers, California) [National Park Service]: misc.
Camp #108 [unofficial name was Camp Rufus Jones] (Gatlinburg, Tennessee) [National Park Service]: misc.
Camp #111 (Mancos, Colorad) [Bureau of Reclamation]: misc.
Welfare Island Hospital Unit/s 115.3-6 (Welfare Island, New York) [Office of Scientific Research & Development (human guinea pig experiments)]: misc.
Columbia University Unit #115.25 (New York, New York) [Office of Scientific Research & Development (human guinea pig experiments)]: misc.
Yale University Unit #115.33 (Pinehurst, North Carolina) [Office of the Surgeon General (human guinea pig experiments)]: misc.
University of Maryland Camp #116 (College Park, Maryland) [Agriculture Experiment Station]: reminiscences/histories -- newsletter by camp alumni "College Park Newsletter" vol. 1:1 (Oct. 15, 1946) & n. 14 (Spring 1953)
Camp #121 (Bedford, Virginia) [National Park Service]: misc.
Camp #124 (Stockley, Delaware) [State Training School]: misc.
Camp #128 (Lapine, Oregon) [Bureau of Reclamation]: misc.
Seney Wildlife Refuge Camp #135 (Germfask, Michigan) [Fish & Wildlife Service]: misc.
Camp #136 (Skillman, New Jersey) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Independence State Hospital Camp #137 (Independence, Iowa) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Camp #138 (Lincoln, Nebraska [& Malcolm & Waterlo]) [Soil Conservation Service]: misc.
Unit #140.1 (Pinehurst, North Carolina) [Office of the Surgeon General (human guinea pig experiments)]: misc.
Unit #140.4 (Welfare Island, New York) [Office of the Surgeon General (human guinea pig experiments)]: misc.
Hudson River State Hospital Camp #144 (Poughkeepsie, New York) [State Mental Hospital]: misc.
Camp #148 (Minersville, California) [U.S. Forest Service]: misc.

- See also:
Conscientious Objection/Objectors (Subject File #1)
Civilian Public Service: Personal Papers & Collected Materials (DG 056)
Resources on Civilian Public Service (CPS) at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection



 


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This page written by Anne Yoder, Archivist, Aug. 1999; last updated April 2012