Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Professionals' Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control Records, 1984-1989

Collection: DG 164

Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/

Descriptive Summary
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for these papers/records.
Professionals' Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control
Professionals' Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control Records
Inclusive Dates
Call Number
DG 164

Language of Materials
Materials in English
3.75 linear feet [papers only]
Professionals' Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control was organized in 1984 as a coalition of organizations. It grew to include the Lawyers Alliance for Nuclear Arms Control, Physicians for Social Responsibility, the Union of Concerned Scientists, Architects, Designers, Planners for Social Responsibility, Psychologists for Social Responsibiity, High Technology Professionals for Peace, and Citizens Against Nuclear War, and Business Executives for Nuclear Age Concerns. It was formed as a lobbying and educational group to promote effective arms control legislation.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Usage Restrictions
Yes; Boxes stored off site. Please contact SCPC staff at least two weeks in advance of visit to arrange for retrieval of this collection.
Alternate Form of Material
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Professionals' Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control, 1992 [Acc. 92A-119]
Processing Information
Processed by SCPC staff; checklist prepared by Anne Yoder, November 1995; this finding aid created by Eleanor Fulvio, August 2010
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Professionals' Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control Records (DG 164), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record

Historical Background
The Professionals' Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control (PCNAC) was founded in early 1984 by its first member organizations: the Physicians for Social Responsibility, the Union of Concerned Scientists, and the Lawyers Alliance for Nuclear Arms Control, all of which were 501(c)(3) educational groups that could not use their funds to lobby Congress. The Washington-based PCNAC, a 501(c)(4) organization, was formed to enable its members to bring their professional expertise into the legislative arena, where their specialized knowledge and commitment could most effectively impact the struggle for arms control. As Board President David Cohen stated: "Citizens rely on understanding and applying the arguments of experts and not on protest marches. Elected officials are getting the message that they had better be informed and not accept Pentagon arguments on faith. Sound politics requires legislators to be informed so that they can respond to well informed pro-arms control constituents."

David Cohen was the President of the Board, and its chief lobbyist, during PCNAC's entire existence. In 1984-1985, the Board also consisted of Howard Ris, Treasurer (Union of Concerned Scientists), Dr. Irwin Redlener, Anthony Sager (Lawyers Alliance for Nuclear Arms Control), Alan Sherr (Lawyers Alliance for Nuclear Arms Control), Jane Wells (Physicians for Social Responsibility), and Henry Kendell (Union of Concerned Scientists). After 1985, Cohen was the sole Board member. Richard Mark served as the Executive Director from 1984 to June 1988; he was followed by Robert Musil (June 1988-1991), and Victoria Almquist (1992; previously Program Director).

In 1985, the Architects/Designers/Planners for Social Responsibility joined PCNAC; in 1987, the High Technology Professionals for Peace, and the Psychologists for Social Responsibility joined. In 1988, the Freeze Voter Education Fund and the Freeze Voter Training Institute merged with PCNAC, as did Citizens Against Nuclear War, a group of over 60 national organizations. In the fall of 1991, the Business Executives for Nuclear Age Concerns became an affiliate.
PCNAC lobbied for the termination of nuclear weapons systems such as the B-2 bomber and the MX missile; for reductions in military spending so that the savings could be used for national domestic needs and to lower the budget deficit; for prevention of the development of space weapons systems such as "Star Wars"; and, for promotion of arms control treaties. When possible, it worked in coalition with other groups for a fuller analysis of an issue and to maximize legislative efforts. It joined the B-2 Campaign, made up of the Council for a Livable World, Women's Action for Nuclear Disarmament, Physicians for Social Responsibility, SANE/Freeze's Campaign for Global Security, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and six other organizations. It worked together with the Comprehensive Test Ban Campaign/Coalition, the Common Agenda Coalition, the Citizens Budget Campaign, as well as the Budget for a Strong America Campaign/ Coalition. The latter was endorsed by over 25 national organizations and led by members of Congress. Its purpose was to cut at least $20 billion from military spending and, according to Robert Musil, offered "the best opportunity since the nuclear freeze to unite diverse constituencies in the U.S. who seek a nation devoted to peace and justice." The Monday Lobby Group, made up of staff from the Council for a Livable World, PCNAC, Physicians for Social Responsibility, and SANE/Freeze, called for $30 billion in cuts in the federal budget. The Invest in America Now Campaign/Working Group had over 100 diverse groups campaigning to change federal budget policies.
The Economic Conversion Working Group tried to help pave the way for a smooth transition from a military economy to what they hoped would be a civilian economy. Robert Musil chaired the Persian Gulf Working Group. Numerous sign-on letters concerning nuclear weapons, military spending, and the Gulf War were endorsed by these coalitions and other groups and sent to the President and to Congress.

Besides its coalitional efforts, PCNAC staff worked in various ways to meet the group's objectives. It lobbied Congress through correspondence, mailings, visits, and briefings with various Congresspersons and their staffs. It wrote a statement "War Is Not the Answer" to the President, and had it printed in TheWashington Post.. PCNAC staff also promoted programs and ideology through press conferences, letters to the editor, articles, fundraising letters and dinners, and radio "spots." They maintained a legislative alert network to inform supporters of upcoming arms control votes in Congress. They published an annual Voting Record of Congressional arms control votes; Resources for Grassroots Lobbyists flyers; B-2 Fact Sheets; and, a newsletter The Professional, which included legislative analysis and alerts, and coalition news concerning events, staff, finances and resources. The organization's network of professionals received resources and were offered training events to help them better understand arms control legislation and be more effective in their lobbying and media relations. These resources and events were funded by the Professionals' Coalition Education Fund, established in 1989 as PCNAC's tax-exempt, educational arm. Training events were also supported in part with grants from the Ploughshares Fund and the W. Alton Jones Foundation.

PCNAC disbanded in 1992. The records do not indicate why this occurred.

Collection Overview
This collection contains the files of a lobbying coalition made up of professionals in the sciences, law, architecture, medicine and business. It helps to complete the picture of the nuclear freeze movement, as it was the group with which the Freeze Voter Education Fund and Training Institute merged (DG 156) in February 1988, and with which the Citizens Against Nuclear War (CDG-A) merged in 1988.

The collection consists of financial records, general and congressional correspondence, administrative files, material on national and state arms control efforts, fundraising and promotional appeals, legislative and training events and resources developed, and reference material. The correspondence was written mostly by David Cohen as Board President or by the Executive Directors, and was primarily related to fundraising/promotion or with legislation. Some correspondence, particularly that which went to state activists (see Series D), was written by Field Organizers Sean Meyer and Jessica Abberly.
Several serious gaps in the collection come from the lack of certain materials, namely anything that documents the interaction between PCNAC and its member groups, or with other coalitions with which they worked on various efforts, such as the National Campaign to Save the ABM Treaty, or the Common Agenda Coalition. As there was no Board of Directors after 1985, there are no meeting minutes thereafter which reflect planning and decision-making.

Items removed:
Photographs to Photograph Collection
Reel to Reel Tapes/Cassette Tapes to Audio-Visual Collection
Bumper-Sticker to Stamp/Sticker/Seal Collection

Arrangement of Collection
The PCNAC papers were in good order. However, certain files were merged for space considerations. For instance, instead of keeping a separate file for each resource developed by PCNAC, these were grouped by type (see Series E). Also, much of the same material relating to the programmatic efforts of a campaign and of the campaign coalition was kept by PCNAC in two files. Since the files of the Comprehensive Test Ban Campaign and the CTB Coalition were basically interchangeable, for instance, they were grouped together in one folder.

Material from Citizens Against Nuclear War that did not relate to its merger with PCNAC was removed to the CDG-A collection on CaliforniaNW. Five photos, four reel-to-reel tapes, one master reel, and three cassette tapes of radio spots, and one bumper-sticker were removed to their proper SCPC collection.

Re-File Box, miscellaneous material received in 1999

Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1 [box stored off site]
IRS lobbying regulations
Finances, 1984-1987
Experts Fund

Box 1 (continued)
Correspondence, 1984-1987
Correspondence re: 1987 Voting Record
Correspondence, 1988-1990
Correspondence, 1992

Box 2 [box stored off site]
Board of Directors - lists and correspondence
Board meeting minutes, 1985
Inter-office memos
Job searches
Joe Sternlieb, consultant
Intern program
Merger with Citizens Against Nuclear War
Merger with Freeze Voter Education Fund and Training Institute, 1989 (February)
Proposal for Gulf News and Information Service
Correspondence to Congress re: legislation
Correspondence from Congress
Sign-on letters re: legislation
Telegram to President Bush, 1991 (January 15)
Letters to the Editor/Op-Eds
Mailings to PCNAC Activists/Contacts

Box 3 [box stored off site]
Reports by activists of Lobby Day Hill visits, 1987
Budget for a Strong America survey, 1989
National public opinion poll re: Gulf War, 1990 (November)
Notes for talk on "Media as a Lobbying Tool"
Advertisement "War Is Not the Answer" in Washington Post, 1990 (November 8)
Article on nuclear weapons [untitled] by David Cohen, 1984 (June 8)
Article "The Politics of the Peace Dividend" by Robert Musil
Article "Senate Races Where Activists Make a Difference" in Nuclear Times by Robert Musil, Summer 1990
Article "Congressional Prerogatives" in Nuclear Times by Robert Musil, Spring 1991 Paper "Connections" given by David Cohen to the American Anthropological Association, 1985 (December 2)
B-2 [Bomber] Campaign
Comprehensive Test Ban Campaign

Box 4 [box stored off site]
Budget for a Strong America Campaign/Coalition, 1989-1990
Budget for a Strong America Campaign/Coalition and Invest in America Now Campaign/Working Group, 1991-1992
Monday Lobby Group, 1990-1991
Economic Conversion Working Group
SDI Campaign

Box 4 (continued)
Fundraising/promotion, 1984
Fundraiser, San Francisco, California, 1984 (November 16)
Fundraiser, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1984 (November 27)
Fundraising/promotion, 1985
Fundraiser, San Francisco, California,1985 (November 8)
Fundraising/promotion, 1986
Fundraiser, San Francisco, California, 1986 (November 20)
Fundraising/promotion, 1987-1988

Box 5 [box stored off site]
Fundraising/promotion, 1989-1991
Radio spots, 1990-1991
Telemarketing campaigns, 1992
Fundraising/promotion, 1992
Grassroots organizing - general
National Training Institute, Washington, DC, 1990 (february 23 - 25)
- Correspondence/memos
- Hand-outs at conference
-#1 participant questionnaires
-#2 participant questionnaires

Box 6 [box stored off site]
Grassroots Lobbying Training Workshop, Chicago, Illinois, 1990 (June 9)
Grassroots Lobbying Training Workshop, Detroit, Michigan, 1990 (September 8)
Grassroots Lobbying Training Workshop, New York, New York, 1990 (October 13)
Grassroots Lobbying Training Workshop, Philadelphia, PAennsylvania, 1990 (November 17)
Grassroots Lobbying Training Workshop, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1990 (December 1)
Military Spending in Aftermath of Gulf War Briefing, Washington, DC, 1991 (March 21)
Trip to California for training workshops, 1991 (April 26 - 30)
After the Gulf War Conference, Chevy Chase, Maryland, 1991 (May 5)
- Evaluations
Seeking the Peace Dividend Briefing, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1991 (December 7)
Security After the Soviets Conference, College Park, Maryland, 1992 (March 29 -31)
- Lobbying debriefing sheets
Building Down: Realizing the Peace Dividend Workshop, Denver, Colorado, 1992 (July 18)

Box 7 [box stored off site]
State Outreach
New Hampshire/Michigan
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina/North Dakota

Box 8 [box stored off site]
West Virginia

Box 8 (continued)
Brochures/flyers re: organization
Press releases
Resources for Grassroots Lobbyists flyers
Action/legislative alerts
Voting record of Congressman Kent Conrad
Voting records, 1985-1992
B-2 Fact Sheets, 1991-1992
Newsletter The Professional, 1987-1992


Box 9 [box stored off site]
B-2 bombers
Congressional races
Defense budget
International Test Ban
Lobbying tips
SDI/nuclear weapons

Re-File Box, Collective
Material from Re-File Box, 1999

This file was last updated on July 14, 2016