Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Rockland County Peace Association Records, 1930-1950

Collection: DG 121

Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/

Descriptive Summary
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Rockland County Peace Association
Rockland County Peace Association Records
Inclusive Dates
Call Number
DG 121

Language of Materials
Materials in English
15 linear inches[papers only]
The Rockland County Peace Association was a small local peace group begun in 1930 to stimulate popular education and public opinion with a view to the prevention of war. It carried on relief work during World War II through the American Friends Service Committee.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Usage Restrictions
Alternate Form of Material
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Kathleen Whitaker Sayre
[Acc. A50-120]
Processing Information
Checklist prepared by Anne M. Yoder, March 2004; this finding aid prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Rockland County Peace Association Records (DG 121), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record

Historical Background
The Rockland County Peace Association was a small local peace group which began in 1930 in New York state. The purpose of the group was "to stimulate popular education and public opinion with a view to the prevention of war." Leadership of the Association was provided by McCarrell H. Leiper and Dr. Walter B. MacKellar, each of whom served ten years as president, and by Kathleen Whitaker Sayre (wife of John Nevin Sayre), who was executive secretary from 1930 until the organization's dissolution.

Before World War II, the Association's activities included sponsorship of public dinner meetings with prominent peace speakers, sending peace literature to schools, churches and synagogues, holding essay contests, and sending resolutions to government leaders. The Association also sent delegates to peace conferences and sponsored a Youth Peace Group, which existed from 1933 until 1937. In 1937, the Association was admitted to the National Peace Conference and a strong relationship was maintained thereafter. During the war years, the Association carried on relief work through the American Friends Service Committee, and continued to distribute educational peace propaganda. Despite Sayre's continued interest and dedicated efforts, dwindling membership in the late 1940s led to the decision in 1950 to disband the group.

It is unlikely that this collection comprises the entire records of the Rockland County Peace Association, but it is unknown if more records are still in existence elsewhere.

Collection Overview

This collection is comprised of annual reports (1932-1949), minutes (1930-1950), correspondence (1931-1949), scattered financial reports, fliers, clippings, memoranda, and other materials, relating to the activities of the association. Persons represented include former presidents McCarrell H. Leiper and Walter B. MacKellar and executive secretary Kathleen Whitaker Sayre. Correspondents include Ralph A. Gamble and Caroline O'Day.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
History; purpose; constitution; by-laws
Letterhead [with list of officers etc.]
Program work, 1930-1936
Emergency Peace Campaign’s Mass Meeting in Nyack (New York) with speakers Major General Smedley Butler & Dorothy Detzer, 1936 (May 15)
Publicity and Media Coverage

Box 2

Program work, 1937-1939
Program work, circa 1930s
Program work, 1940-1941
Mtgs. etc. re: lend-lease bill, 1941
Program work, 1942-1950
Program work, circa 1940s
Program work, undated
Library books ordered/received
Local groups of Rockland County Peace Association
Youth Peace Group of Rockland County Peace Association, 1933-1936

Box 3

Library Exhibit: Character Education (1) [formerly a scrapbook]
Library Exhibit: Character Education (2) [formerly a scrapbook]
What Can the Schools Do for Peace? (1) [formerly a scrapbook]
What Can the Schools Do for Peace? (2) [formerly a scrapbook]

This file was last updated on August 21, 2015