Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Josephine W. Pomerance Papers, 1952-1980

Collection: DG 129


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Pomerance, Joesphine Wertheim (1910-1980)
Title
Josephine W. Pomerance Papers
Inclusive Dates
1952-1980
Call Number
DG 129

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
8.66 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Josephine W. Pomerance was a peace worker best known in the areas of disarmament and United Nations reform. She was an observer at the United Nations, and she wrote, lectured, and consulted on disarmament and arms control subjects. Pomerance also worked with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
Yes, this collection is stored off site. Please contact SCPC staff at least two weeks in advance of visit to arrange for retrieval of this collection.
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Pamela Pomerance Johnson, Ralph Pomerance, 1980, 1981[Acc. 80A-077]; 1981 [Acc. 81A-137, 81A-140]
Processing Information
Checklist prepared by Martha P. Shane, September 1986; this finding aid prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone, August 2009
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Josephine W. Pomerance Papers (DG 129), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Historical Background
Jo Pomerance was born in 1910 and lived most of her life in Cos Cob, Connecticut. The following is a resume found in the Pomerance papers. It is dated 1979, one year before Pomerance's death in 1980. More biographical information can be found in Box 20.

"Ms. Pomerance is a Consultant, United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1977 to date. She is United Nations Observer for the Americans for Democratic Action,1972 to date.

"She was a founder and is presently Co-Chairperson with Dr. Betty Goetz
Lall, of the ad hoc Task Force for the Nuclear Test Ban, 1971 to date. "Ms. Pomerance is also presently a member of:
- The Board of Directors of Americans for Democratic Action.
- The National Board of the United Nations Association of the United States of America. (United NationsA/USA)
- The Commission to Study the Organization of Peace.
- The Council of the Arts of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- During May- June 1978, she was an Advisor to the United States Mission, United Nations Special Session on Disarmament.

"From 1970-1977, she was Co-Chairperson of the United Nations Association/United States of America`s Committee on Arms Control, Disarmament and Peacekeeping of the Conference of United Nations Representatives, United Nations Association/United States of America Council of Organizations.

"From 1972-1977, she was President of the Southwest Fairfield County (Connecticut) Chapter of the United Nations Association/United States of America "Ms. Pomerance was a member of the Carter-Mondale Task Force on Foreign Policy during the 1976 presidential campaign. "In 1972, she was a special consultant to the Senate Subcommittee on Arms Control and International Organization (The Hon. Edmund S. Muskie, Chairperson) and to the Members of Congress for Peace through Law (The Hon. Dick C. Clark, Chairperson).

"In 1971, she received a special award from the United Nations Association/United States of America in recognition of her work on the Disarmament Issues Committee from 196l-1971, and for her "long and outstanding service to disarmament and a better world order."

"In 1970-1971, she served as a member of the Democratic Policy Council Committee on Arms Control and Defense Policy (Paul C. Warnke, Chairperson).

"In 1965, she received the "Swords into Plowshares" award from the Atomic Industrial Forum for her work in promoting the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty and the peaceful uses of atomic energy. The award culminated two years of work by the Educational Committee to Halt Atomic Weapons Spread, an ad hoc group founded and directed by Ms. Pomerance under the Chairmanship of Dr. Arthur H. Larson of Duke University.
.
"In 1965, Pomerance was appointed to the Arms Control and Disarmament Committee of the National Citizens Commission for International Cooperation (working for the United Nations peacekeeping section) under the chairmanship of Dr. Jerome Wiesner, President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

"In 1963, she helped initiate the campaign to win public support for a nuclear test ban agreement, acting as Secretary for the Citizens Committee for a Nuclear Test Ban - Ambassador James J. Wadsworth, Chairperson.

"In 196l-1962, she was special advisor on Non-Governmental Organizations to the United States Mission to the United Nations. Previously she served as United Nations Observer on Disarmament Issues for the American Association for the United Nations, an office she is currently filling for Americans for Democratic Action.

"In 1950, she assisted in the formation of the Committee for World Disarmament and World Development, a project of the Jane Addams Peace Association of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

"Pomerance has lectured and written widely on the subject of disarmament and nuclear control. She has been called to testify before Congressional Committees on disarmament issues, and has been published in The New York Times, The Washington Star, The St. Louis Post Dispatch, The Boston Globe and other newspapers. She has also written for such publications as The Nation, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, and others. She has participated in many conferences such as Pugwash and Stanley Foundation Strategy for Peace conferences.

"Pertinent material published by her ad hoc Task Force for the Nuclear Test Ban was used in President Carter's noted address at the United Nations in May of 1978. Dr. Richard Gardner of Columbia University, one of President Carter's chief foreign policy advisors said of Jo Pomerance, 'There is no one who has done more to achieve a nuclear test ban treaty.'

"A graduate of Smith College, Pomerance received an M.A. in Political Science from The New York School of Social Research. She is married to Ralph Pomerance, an architect. They have three children. She is the granddaughter of the late Ambassador Henry Morgenthau, Sr., who served in President Wilson's administration, the niece of Henry Morgenthau Jr., Secretary of the Treasury under Franklin D. Roosevelt, and sister of Barbara Tuchman, author of The Guns in August, the 1963 Pulitzer Prize selection."

Collection Overview
The bulk of the Jo Pomerance papers, which is found in Series I,is an original alphabetical subject file dealing with disarmament andarms control, the fight for a non-proliferation treaty in the late 1960s, and United Nations reform, in addition to organizations and activities in which Pomerance was involved in her peace-making role.

Bearing the original titles that Pomerance gave them, these files contain correspondence, material written by Pomerance, and reference material. In Series II, ten notebooks also include correspondence, much of it of a more personal nature (i.e. letters of appreciation and thanks), newsclippings about and articles by her, programs of events in which she participated, and reference material.

Subjects covered in these notebooks include the Jerome Weisner report on underground nuclear testing (1965), a panel titled "Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: The Role of International Organizations" (1967), Pomerance's Swords into Plowshares Award (1968), and the Justice Goldberg Press Conference sponsored by the Educational Committee to Halt Atomic Weapons Spread (1969). A sound tape of this event is found in the SCPC Audio-visual collection.

Series III contains writings by Pomerance and files she titled "Experience" which contain biographical material. There is a considerable amount of records from two organizations led by Pomerance: the Disarmamanet Issues Committee, which was part of the United Nations Association of the United States of America, and the Educational Committee to Halt Atomic Weapons Spread, organized under the auspices of the Disarmament Issues Committee.

Correspondents include Homer A. Jack, Donald F. Keys, Betty Goetz Lall, Arthur Larson, Porter McKeever, and John Silard.

Items removed:
Many items were removed from the Pomerance papers. These include books, periodicals, and pamphlets, which, when appropriate, were added to other locations in SCPC. United Nations documents were discarded after noting the code number on a removal sheet. Newspaper clippings that made no mention of Pomerance were also discarded.

Arrangement of Collection
Most of the Pomerance papers came directly from her family in 1980 after her death. The rest were sent to the Committee for National Security, who then sent them on to SCPC in 198l. The two accessions were interfiled in alphabetical order, except for the notebooks which were placed in Series II and writings by and material about her which she called "Experience", found now in Series III.

Because there were so many printed documents from both the Disarmament Issues Committee and the Educational Committee to Halt Atomic Weapons Spread, these were placed together for the purpose of eliminating duplicates and establishing chronological order. Records from both these organizations are found with other United Nations Association/United States of America material.




Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Subject File
Box 1
off-site
Checklist/Removal sheets
Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) (1967)
Americans for Democratic Action (1956-1980)
Americans for Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) (1979-1980)
Arab-Israeli Conflict (1957-1979)
Arms Control (1972-1977)

Box 2 off-site
Arms Race (1967-1980)
Arms Trade (1975-1977)
Bibliography (1960-1966)
Carter Administration (1976-1980)
Civil Defense (1976-1978)
Coalition for a New Foreign and Military Policy -Disarmament Working Group (1969-1970)
Committee for World Development and World Disarmament (1954-1960)
Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (1967-1978)
Connecticut (Energy, Conversion, etc.) (1975-1979)
Conversion (196l-1979)

Box 3 off-site
Conversion (continued)
Democratic Party (1957-1980)
Democratic Policy Council (1969-1971)
Disarmament
International Cooperation Year (ICY) (1965)
International Campaign (1961-1979)
Miscellaneous papers (1950s and 1960s)
Miscellaneous Literature

Box 4 off-site
Energy Research and Development Administration (1967-1979)
Fund for Peace (1975-1979)
McCloy-Zorin Agreement (196l-1978)
Members of Congress for Peace Through Law (1969-1971)
Military Industrial Complex (1962-1978)
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) (1954-1979)
SANE (1957-1960)

Box 5 off-site
Card File of Member Organizations (1963?)
Committee on Disarmament (1973-1978)
Non-Proliferation Treaty (Non-Proliferation Treaty)
Ratification of Non-Proliferation Treaty (1968)
United Nations Positions (1966, 1976)
United States Policy (including Multilateral nuclear force [MLF]) (1964-1966)
Post Review Conference (1975, 1980)
Background material (1965-1969)
Nuclear Proliferation (1964-1978)
Outer Space (1959-1965)
.
Box 6 off-site
Peace Research (1954-1973)
Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (1969-1976)
Peacekeeping (1957-1980)
Peacekeeping Machinery (World Law) (1958-1979)

Box 7 off-site
Quotations - Cos Cob
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (1969-1980)
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (1973-1974)
Underground Testing
Underground Test Ban Treaty Campaign (1970-1971)
Amchitka (Alaska) Testing (1968-1971)
Disarmament Issues Committee challenge to Atomic Energy Commission on Alaska Testing (1969-1970)
Documentation on Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Compliance with Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (1970)
United Nations
Literature (1956-1979)
Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (1959-1980)
Cyprus (1974-1976)
Disarmament (1959-1980)

Box 8 off-site
Peacekeeping (1965-1974)
United States Policy (1974-1976)
International Atomic Energy Agency (1971-1972)
Disarmament Review Conference
Non-Proliferation Treaty (1974-1975)
Office of Public Information/Non-Governmental Organizations (1974-1976)
Disarmament Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Seminar (1975)
World Disarmament Conference (1974-1976)
United Nations Day in Connecticut -Conversion Conference (1977)
Special Session on Disarmament (1978)
Information papers
Working papers/Plan of Action
World Conference on Religion & Peace Views on Special Session on Disarmament (SSOD)
Non-Governmental Organizations activities and papers
Published articles
United Nations Documents/Background
Views of Member States
United Nations General Assembly Sessions
Miscellaneous
Disarmament Resolutions. First Committee of General Assembly (1978)
Commission to Study the Organization of Peace (1977-1979)
Disarmament Commission (1978-1979)

Box 9 off-site
Conference on United Nations Reform at U. of Bridgeport, Connecticut (May 1980)
United Nations Reform
Campaign for: Non-Governmental Proposals (1976-1979)
Various other Non-Governmental Proposals (1957-1979)
Committees
No. 1, Secretary General, Secretariat (1976-1978)
No. 2, Secretary General, Secretariat, (1971-1976)
United States Executive (1976-1979)
United States Congress (1959-1979)
Miscellaneous literature and reference material

Box 10 off-site
United Nations Association of the United States of America
(United Nations Association/United States of America)
American Association for the United Nations (AAUnited Nations) (1953-1963)
Literature (1953-1963)
Correspondence, memoranda, etc. (1955-1958)
United Nations Association/United States of America
Literature (1965-1977)
Correspondence (1962-1975)
Disarmament Information Committee (1962-1966)
Disarmament Issues Committee
Minutes/Finance (1966-1980)
Reports/Literature (1966-1971)
Statements (1968, 1970)
Mailings (1966-1971)
.
Box 11
Memoranda (196l-1971)
Mimeographed Correspondence (1968-1971)
Correspondence (196l-1971)
Educational Committee to Halt Atomic Weapons Spread
Minutes/Finance (1966-1968)
Statements/Releases (1966-1968)
Memoranda (1966-1969)

Box 12
Mimeographed correspondence (1965-1969)
Press releases
Drafts/Miscellaneous
Lists
Correspondence (1965-1969)
Requests to sign Non-Proliferation Treaty Statement (1966)
Consents to sign Non-Proliferation Treaty Statement (1966)

Box 13
Regrets to sign Non-Proliferation Treaty Statement (1966)
Public Relations (1966-1970)
Donations (1966-1967)
Committee on Disarmament and Peacekeeping (1966-1970)
Committee on Arms Control, Disarmament and Peacekeeping
Minutes and Reports (1973-1978)
Correspondence (1972-1977)
Educational Program (1973-1974)
Conference: "Peacekeeping and Security in the Search for
Disarmament" 1965 (May 19)
Washington Conference 1971 (March 16)

Box 14
Conference on United Nations Representatives (1968-1970)
Council of Chapter and Division Presidents
Cos Cob Files (1973-1974)
Council of Chapter and Division Presidents
Southwest Fairfield County Chapter (circa 1973)
United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1960-1980)
United States Defense Budget (1970-1981)
United States Military Policy (1950s-1978)
.
Box 15
United States Military Policy continued (1979, 1980)
Neutron Bomb and Minenukes (1973-1977)
United States Soviet Relations (1959-1980)
Vietnam (1967-1973)
Weapons Laboratories (1966-1979)
Weisner, Jerome B. (1964-1970)

Box 16
Women (1952-1977)
World Development-Economic Consequences (1952-1979)
Miscellaneous literature/papers


Series II: Notebooks #1-10
Box 17
off-site
See description in Scope and Contents

Series III: Material By/About Pomerance
Box 18 off-site
Articles; addresses; statements (1954-1980)
Correspondence found with writings

Box 19 off-site
Notes (handwritten and typed)

Box 20 off-site
"Experience" (about Pomerance)
General (1957-1979)
Government (1956-1980)
United Nations Association/United States of America and AAUnited Nations (1955-1978)
Non-Governmental Organizations' and miscellaneous conferences (1958-1979)


This finding aid was last updated on March 30, 2011.