Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription Records, 1942-1948

Collection: DG 068


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399 U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator); Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription
Title
Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription Records
Inclusive Dates
1942-1948
Call Number
DG 068

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
7.5 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
This group was originally named the Committee to Oppose the Conscription of Women [WCOC], and then the National Committee to Oppose the Conscription of Women. It was formed in 1942 to protest the Austin-Wadsworth legislative bills and similar measures, which proposed that American women be drated into a civilian workforce for the duration of World War II. When the immediate threat of drafting women had passed, the group changed its name again, this time to the Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription, reflecting its stand against any conscription. Mildred Scott Olmsted served as Director, A.J. Muste as Treasurer, and Grace Rhoads as secretary. The Committee was headed by Katherine Pierce and Frances Chalmers of New York City.


Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Grace Rhoads, Mildred Scott Olmsted, and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. Section ; 1948, 1966, 1969

Processing Information
Collection re-processed and checklist revised by Anne Yoder, April 2001; This finding aid was prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone, August 2009.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription Records (DG 068), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
Fellowship of Reconciliation Records (DG 013: Series A-3, box 16; Series C, box 17).
Mildred Scott Olmsted Papers (DG 028)
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. Section Records (DG 043)


Historical Background
This group was originally named the Committee to Oppose the Conscription of Women [WCOC], and then the National Committee to Oppose the Conscription of Women. It was formed to protest the Austin-Wadsworth legislative bills and similar measures, and as an independent committee with one objective it expected to educate and motivate a constituency no organized peace group could reach. At its height, the group had a governing committee of 150 members and a national mailing list of 3000. When the immediate threat of drafting women had passed, the group changed its name again, this time to the Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription, to reflect its stand against any conscription. Mildred Scott Olmsted served as Director, A.J. Muste as Treasurer, and Grace Rhoads as secretary. The Committee was headed by Katherine Pierce and Frances Chalmers of New York City.

Collection Overview / Arrangement of Collection
The material in this collection came in 1948 from Grace Rhoads; in 1966 from Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (Mildred Scott Olmsted's files); and in 1969 from Mildred Scott Olmsted. It is difficult to know if this comprises all of the files kept by the Committee's office, though it is unlikely. In 2001, the collection was rearranged and refoldered; because of time constraints, however, no attempt was made to do preservation photocopying (much of the paper in this collection is brittle), or to put into chronological order the material within the folders




Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1 off-site
Checklist / History of Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription [ WCOC]
General
Meeting minutes, 1942-1943
Meeting minutes, 1944 - 1947 (January)
Governing Committee: biographical information
Governing Committee: correspondence [see also general correspondence]
Governing Committee: form letters sent to
Form letters sent to members etc., 1943-1948, no date
Statements of purpose
Statements, testimony, and reports
Literature produced
Literature development

Box 2 off-site
General
Release and flyers produced
Articles written (drafts)
Publicity, articles, and letters to the editor published
Work re: legislation
Calls to action re: legislation, 1947
Financial records
Correspondence and finance reports to New York office, 1943-1944
General, 1942-1947
Bills
Expense accounts
Donations etc., 1947
Donations

Box 3 off-site
Financial records
Donations (continued)
Correspondence
To/from government officials
With prospective members

Box 4
off-site
Correspondence
With prospective members (continued)
With radio broadcasts [includes texts of broadcasts]
With editors
Re: placing articles in magazines and newspapers
With Strassheim Printers
Re: booklet "Peacetime Military Training: The 19th Annual Debate, 1945-1946" [includes copy of booklet, which has an article by Annalee Stewart]

Box 5
off-site
Correspondence
Re: layout of pamphlet
Re: possible speakers
Re: speaking engagements of members
Re: reprinting articles from Christian Century and The Christian Advocate
Requests for pamphlet for debates on conscription, 1945-1946
Literature requests
Eleanor Garst [see also General Correspondence]
A.J. Muste [see also General Correspondence]

Box 6
off-site
Correspondence
Mildred Scott Olmsted [see also General Correspondence]
Annalee Stewart, 1944-1947
Annalee Stewart [removed from DG 043]
With religious leaders etc., 1943-1945

Box 7
off-site
General Correspondence
American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)
Civilian Public Service camps
Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR)
Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL)
Greater Philadelphia Committee Against Peacetime Conscription
Labor unions
National Council Against Conscription
National Council Against Peacetime Conscription Now
National Council for the Prevention of War (NCPW)
National Peace Conference
Northern California Committee to Oppose Conscription
Post War World Council
Religious News Service
Settlement houses
War Resisters League (WRL)
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)

Box 8
off-site
General Correspondence
A [collective file]
Alderton, Mr. and Mrs. Marion
Alexander, Grace
Armstrong, Eunice
Ba [collective file]
Bainton, Roland and Ruth
Balch, Emily Greene
Be [collective file]
Beardsley, Helen Marston
Bennett, Fay
Bernard, Napoleon
Bi-Bri [collective file]
Blazier, Orpah [not Orpha]
Boss, Charles
Bristol, James (American Friends Service Committee)
Bro-By [collective file]
Bromley, Ernest
Broyles, Berthalee

Box 9
off-site
General Correspondence
Ca-Ch [collective file]
Calley, Ann Laws [nurse at CPS camp #108, Gatlinburg, TN]
Cannon, Josephine Johnson
Carner, Lucy P.
Catt, Carrie Chapman
Chalmers, Frances (Mrs. Allan Knight Chalmers)
Chase, Wallace
Ci-Com [collective file]
Cleghorn, Sarah
Code, Marion
Colburn, Fern
Con-Cu [collective file]
Conant, Sarah, Edith and Lyda
Corson, Helen
Cotton, J. Paul
Cummings, Dolly
Curl, Olive
Da-De [collective file]
Day, Dorothy
Detzer, Dorothy
Di-Du [collective file]
Dingman, Mary
Dougherty, (Cardinal) D.J.
Duncan, Mary Clement

Box 10
off-site
General Correspondence
Ea-Ei [collective file]
Eaton, Emily
Eichel, Esther (Mrs. Julius Eichel)
El-Ev [collective file]
Elfenbein, Elsie
Evans, Rebecca Winsor (Mrs. Edmund Evans)
F [collective file]
Farquharson, Mary Fellowship of Reconciliation Field Secretary]
Fisher, Dorothy Canfield
Foster, Hazel E.
G [collective file]
Ha-Hal [collective file]
Ham-Han [collective file]
Hansen, Edith (Mrs. Lorenz Hansen)
Har-Hav [collective file]

Box 11
off-site
General Correspondence
Harkness, Georgia
He-Ho [collective file]
Hines, Marjorie L.
Hoge, Florence
Hu- [collective file]
Hughan, Jessie Wallace
I [collective file]
Ja-Je [collective file]
Jacobs, Betty
Jo- [collective file]
Johnson, Evelyn G.
Johnson, Jean
Ka-Ki [collective file]
Kirkpatrick, W.H.
Kl- [collective file]
LaForce, Pearl

Box 12
off-site
General Correspondence
Le-Ll [collective file]
Lo-Ly [collective file]
Longstreth, Emily
Lunde, Erling
Ma [collective file]
Mace, Herbert
Mc [collective file]
Me-Moo [collective file]
Moffett, Anne
Mor-My [collective file]
Mygatt, Tracy D.
N [collective file]
O [collective file]
O'Neill, Genevieve

Box 13
off-site
General Correspondence
Pa-Ph [collective file]
Pearson, Marie
Pi-Pr [collective file]
Pierce, Katherine
Q [collective file]
Ra-Ri [collective file]
Randall, Mercedes M.
Rea, Helene
Read, Mary
Ro [collective file]
Robinson, Polly
Rockel, Anna
Ru [collective file]
Ruch, Clara

Box 14
off-site
General Correspondence
Sa-Sc [collective file]
Sayre, Kathleen
Scudder, Vida
Se-Sh [collective file]
Si-Sr [collective file]
Simon, Emily Parker
Solenberger, Edith Reeves
St-Sy [collective file]
Stahl, Ruth
Stanislawski, Doris
Stevens, Thelma
T [collective file]

Box 15
off-site
General Correspondence
U [collective file]
V [collective file]
Wa-We [collective file]
Walser, Gladys
Wentworth, Lydia
Wh-Wi [collective file]
Whitmer, Annie
Whitney, Norman (Syracuse Peace Council)
Winsor, Ellen
Winsor, Mary
Witherspoon, Frances
Wo-Wy [collective file]
Woods, Amy
Y-Z [collective file]
Zutt, Elizabeth
Unknown senders

Box 16
off-site
Events
Pendle Hill Seminar on Conscription . . . , Wallingford (Pennsylvania), October 16-24, 1943
Schoolmen's Week, Temple University, Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), March 1944
Formation of Committee to Oppose Peace Conscription, Chicago (Illinois), October 19, 1944
Meeting of those interested in legislative action against conscription, November 09, 1944
Lists
Governing Committee members
Local committees, unit leaders
Members
Contacts: religious
Contacts: general and miscellaneous names
Miscellaneous
Miscellaneous notes etc.
Reference and Reading Material re: Conscription and Universal Military Training
Negro rights
Religious, denominational, and local church statements
Legislation
Newsclippings
Reference and Reading Material re: Conscription and Universal Military Training:
Opinions of Groups
American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)
Anti-Conscription Campaign
Citizens' Committee for a National War Service Act
Congress of Industrial Organizations
Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR)
Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL)

Box 17
off-site
Reference / Reading Material re: Conscription and Universal Military Training
Opinions of Groups
Greater Philadelphia Committee Against Peacetime Conscription
Joint Peace Board [formerly Joint Strategy Board]
National Council Against Conscription
National Council Against Peacetime Conscription Now
National Council for Prevention of War (NCPW)
National Peace Conference
National Service Board for Religious Objectors (NSBRO)
Post War World Council
War Manpower Commission
War Resisters League (WRL)
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
Workers' Defense League
YMCA

Box 18
off-site
Reference / Reading Material re: Conscription and Universal Military Training:
Opinions of miscellaneous Groups/Persons
A-Y [collective files]


This file was last updated on July 17, 2012