Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Norman J. Whitney Papers, 1938-1967

Collection: DG 061


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Whitney, Norman Jehiel (1891-1967)
Title
Norman J. Whitney Papers
Inclusive Dates
1938-1967
Call Number
DG 061

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
7.416 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Norman Jehiel Whitney (1891-1967) was a Quaker teacher, writer and devoted peace worker. From 1919-1957 he helped establish, and directed for many years, the Syracuse Peace Council. He left Syracuse in 1957 to work for the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) in peace education. Whitney's major peace work was in the area of counseling conscientious objectors to war (COs), particularly those in Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps. In 1941 he helped establish the New York State Board for Civilian Public Service, which attempted to counsel and assist Conscientious Objectors in New York state.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Yes, the records of this collection are restricted until the year 2020. Personal information from this collection must be disguised and the identity of the individual/s concerned not be disclosed.
Usage Restrictions
Yes, researchers wishing to use the collection must sign a form agreeing to this stipulation.
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of his sister Mildred C. Whitney, the Syracuse Peace Council & the American Friends Service Committee
Processing Information
Collection reprocessed & checklist revised by Anne Yoder, November 2001; finding aid prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone, August 2009.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Norman J. Whitney Papers (DG 061), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
Syracuse Peace Council (CDG-A)

Historical Background
Norman Jehiel Whitney (1891-1967) was a Quaker teacher, writer and devoted peace worker. From 1919-1957, he taught English at Syracuse University (New York), during which time he helped establish and directed for many years the Syracuse Peace Council. He left Syracuse in 1957 to work for the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) in peace education.

Whitney's major peace work was in the area of counseling conscientious objectors to war (COs), particularly those in Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps. In 1941 he helped establish the New York State Board for Civilian Public Service, which attempted to counsel and assist Conscientious Objectors in New York state. Whitney also served in various positions with the American Friends Service Committee, including Field Representative for New York and New England, National Secretary for Peace Eduction, and as Peace Consultant. His activities sometimes overlapped, and this collection of papers reflects those often dual roles. In the 2001 reprocessing of the papers, it was often difficult to discern which entity Whitney was associated with at the time a particular folder was created, so that the organizing designations used below should be not be considered as entirely definite.

Correspondents include Stephen G. Cary, Harrop A. Freeman, Paul Comley French, Paul J. Furnas, Philip E. Jacob, Abraham Kaufman, Evan W. Thomas, Robert S. Vogel, Mildred C. Whitney, Harold P. Winchester, and many American Friends Service Committee staff members.


Collection Overview
This collection consists mostly of Whitney's files on his work for conscientious objectors and the Civilian Public Service system in the 1940s.

Items removed:

A set of "Spectator Papers," edited by Whitney (from January 1943 until his death in 1967) was removed to the Periodical Collection. This set is not complete.






Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1 (1/2 box)
General
Biographical information
Involvement with Syracuse Committee on Concientious Objector Counseling, 1942-1944

Leadership of Syracuse Peace Council, 1938
Speaking engagements/activities
Writings & speeches
Production of & correspondence re: "Spectator Papers" [edited by Whitney]
Correspondence received re: "Spectator Papers" [edited by Whitney], 1943-1947

Box 2
Correspondence re: Civilian Public Service
Correspondence re: Civilian Public Service, 1942-1948
Correspondence with/about Conscientious Objectors & Civilian Public Service, 1940-1943

Box 3
Correspondence re: Civilian Public Service
Correspondence with/about Conscientious Objectors & Civilian Public Service, 1944-1945

Box 4
Correspondence re: Civilian Public Service
Correspondence with/about Conscientious Objectors & Civilian Public Service, 1946-1947, no date
Correspondence re: counseling of individual Conscientious Objectors, 1940-1946
A [collective file]
Alister, Wilbur
André, Luther Aumund
Atwater, Elton
B [collective file]
Barfoot, Fred
Barnes, Leland A.
Bauman, Frank S.
Bishop, George A.
Biviano, Angelo [includes Dominic Ruffo]
Bodenstein, Shirley
Born, Julian E.
Bump, David R.
Burlingham, Atherton
C [collective file]
Carpenter, Clifford
Chaffee, Clarence
Cleaver, William Yarnell
Cole, Jordan D.
Coté, Gordon

Box 5
Correspondence re: counseling of individual Conscientious Objectors, 1940-1946
D-E [collective file]
DiGiacomo, Frank John
Dippel, Perry W.
Drake, Anthony Nicholas
Edelstein, Leonard
Ernst, Albert C.
F [collective file]
G-H [collective file]
Goodrich, Roger B.
Green, Stuart
Grover, Kingman Nicholas
Gundlach, Arthur Edwin
Hahn, Robert O.
Haney, Edgar Clinton
Haynes, John [Jack] Calvin
Hecker, Herman William
Hinkey, Wendell A.
I-J [collective file]
Jefferis Jr., Raymond P.
Jones, J. William
Jones, Richard Arthur
K-L [collective file]
King, John C.
Klayman, Alexander
Klotzbach, Frank & Harry
Knapp, Robert J.
Kreinheder, Albert

Box 6
Correspondence re: counseling of individual Conscientious Objectors, 1940-1946
Larrabee, Kent Rood
Leavy, Stanley Arnold
LeTourneau, Lowell Sherry
Lew, Albert Kamping
Long Jr., Edward Leroy
M [collective file]
Mecartney, John
Meng, Heinz Karl
Metz, Waldemar A.
Milks, Leonard
Muelke, Robert H.
N-O [collective file]
P [collective file]
Pettit, David H.
Pettit Jr., Earl M.
Powelson, Jack

Box 7
Correspondence re: counseling of individual Conscientious Objectors, 1940-1946
R-S [collective file]
Ragonese, Joseph
Ratner, Max
Reussow, August F.
Rickel, Rev. William
Ruffo, Dominic James
Rustin, Bayard, 1944
Schultze, Waldemar J. (& Robert)
Sea, (Private) Felipe
Shimizu, James Ruya
Somerville, Durward S.G.
Stockdale, George Fairbank
Sturm, Gerald Maurice
T-U [collective file]
Tarolli, (Private) James W.
Tatum, Lyle, 1943
Toth Jr., Alexander B.
W-Z [collective file]
Whitsitt, (Private) Joseph
Wolfson, Samuel M.

Box 8
Correspondence re: counseling of individual Conscientious Objectors, 1947-1957
A-C [collective file]
Barenbaum, Simon
Champion, Melvin
Chapman, Joseph
D-G [collective file]
Emery, David
Galatino Jr., Erasmo [Gene]
Green, (Sargent) Stuart
H-M [collective file]
Hall, George Bret
Keefer, Irving George
Keefer, Lewis Calvin
Keefer, Raymond
Kuhmer, Merle
Maine, Paul
N-R [collective file]
North, Jon Frederick
Norton, Edgar
Pyke, Dr. Charles R.
Ringewald, Robert Herbert
Roggie, Howard

Box 9
Correspondence re: counseling of individual Conscientious Objectors, 1947-1957
S [collective file]
Somers, Robert
Squires, Burton E.
Strader, Robert C.
T-Z [collective file]
Wallace Jr., [Neal] Clark
Widrick, Royal A.
Woodruff II, Fred
Leadership of New York State Board for Civilian Public Service
General
Notebook re: Conscientious Objectors [notes by Whitney? by Harold Sullivan?]
Correspondence with Scipio Quarterly Meeting [Society of Friends], 1940-1941
Correspondence etc. re: selective service in Albany (New York)
Correspondence, 1941-1946, no date
Correspondence re: Robert Vogel, 1942-1943
Acknowledgement of IV-E letter, 1943-1944
Correspondence re: Conscientious Objectors in prison, 1943-1945
Information for / correspondence with draft counselors
Correspondence re: Chicago Conference on Social Action, 1943

Box 10
Leadership of New York State Board for Civilian Public Service
Advisor's Memorandum (A-C) [forms filled out by draft counselor re: interviews with Conscientious Objectors]
Advisor's Memorandum (D-G)
Advisor's Memorandum (H-K)
Advisor's Memorandum (L-N)
Advisor's Memorandum (O-R)
Advisor's Memorandum (S-T)
Advisor's Memorandum (V-Z)
Correspondence re: lists of New York Conscientious Objectors in Civilian Public Service camps
Correspondence & lists re: New York Conscientious Objectors [most names provided by National Service Board for Religious Objectors (NSBRO)], 1941-1945

Box 11
Leadership of New York State Board for Civilian Public Service / American Friends Service Committee Field Representative
Follow-up to field trips -- New England, 1944 (February- June)
Follow-up to field trips -- New England, 1944 (July) - 1945 (June)
Follow-up to field trips -- New York state, 1943-1945
Follow-up to field trips -- New York metropolitan area, 1944-1945
Speaking engagements, 1945
Expenses re: Civilian Public Service, 1943-1946
Appeal to New York state ministers re: Civilian Public Service, 1944-1945
Appeal to New York state ministers re: Civilian Public Service, 1944-1945 [file of M. DeLine]
Appeal to New England Fellowship of Reconciliation re: Civilian Public Service, 1944-1945
Appeal to New England ministers re: Civilian Public Service, 1944-1945

Box 12
Leadership of New York State Board for Civilian Public Service / American Friends Service Committee Field Representative
Correspondence re: denominational support for Civilian Public Service, 1943
Correspondence re: denominational support for Civilian Public Service, 1944 - 1945 (January)
Interpretation & support for Civilian Public Service, 1943-1945
Correspondence with Methodist conferences, 1945
Correspondence with allied organization -- Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors, 1942-1945
Correspondence with allied organization -- National Service Board for Conscientious Objectors, 1942-1943
Correspondence with allied organization -- National Service Board for Conscientious Objectors, 1944-1946
Correspondence with allied organization -- Northern CA Service Board for Conscientious Objectors, 1942-1944
Correspondence with allied organization -- Pacifist Research Bureau
Work re: Friends Civilian Public Service
Planning & policies of American Friends Service Committee's Civilian Public Service Committee [includes relationship with National Service Board for Religious Objectors & Fellowship of Reconciliation]
Meeting minutes of American Friends Service Committee's Civilian Public Service Committee, 1942 (December) - 1946 (January)
Finances re: American Friends Service Committee's Civilian Public Service, 1942-1946

Box 13
Work re: Friends Civilian Public Service
Correspondence re: American Friends Service Committee's Civilian Public Service Committee, etc.
Co-editing of "They Speak for Themselves"
Activities, 1950-1967
Correspondence, 1951-1956
Involvement with American Friends Service Committee Subcommittee on Conscientious Objectors -- counseling, 1951-1953
Correspondence with/about Selective Service, 1951-1952
Correspondence with American Friends Service Committee-Concientious Objector Services re: "Spectator Papers" [edited by Whitney], 1952-1957
Correspondence re: Conscientious Objectors in Yugoslavia, 1955-1957
Correspondence, 1957-1958
Writings "Epistles to Peacemakers" [monthly letters to regional offices], 1957 (November) - 1960 (June)
Correspondence, 1959-1960

Box 14
Activities, 1950-1967
Trip to Europe (1960) & follow-up, 1960-1961
Trip to Prague (Czechoslovakia) for Christian Peace Conference, 1960
Correspondence, 1961
Witness for Peace, Easter 1961
Correspondence, 1964-1967

Box 14A [acc. 75A-037]
Activities, 1950-1967: as American Friends Service Committee National Peace Secretary / Peace Consultant
Speaking engagements / program work, 1957-1967

Box 15
Reference Material
Civilian Public Service staff reports -- program for the future of Civilian Public Service, 1944
Mental health program of Civilian Public Service, 1944-1946
Re: Civilian Public Service, 1942-1944
Re: Civilian Public Service, 1945-1947
Lists of New York Conscientious Objectors in Civilian Public Service camps
Conscientious Objectors in Civilian Public Service (by denomination)
Denominational support for Civilian Public Service
Statements by Conscientious Objectors

Box 16
Reference Material
American Prison Association Proceedings of the 74th Annual Congress of Correction, New York (New York),
October 12-14, 1944
Prisons & Conscientious Objectors in prison, 1943-1946
Probation of Conscientious Objectors in prison
Demobilization of Conscientious Objectors in Civilian Public Service
Concientious Objector counseling

Box 17 [card file box]
Cards with notes re: IV-E men, 1941-1944
 

 



This file was last updated on May 24, 2010.