Belva Ann Lockwood Papers, 1878-1992
Collection: DG 098
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
Telephone: 610-328-8557 (curator)
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (curator)
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Lockwood, Belva Ann, (1830-1917)
Belva A. Lockwood Papers
1878-1917, 1984, 1986, 1992, to date
Language of Materials
Materials in English
5 linear inches [papers only]
Belva Ann McNall Lockwood (1830-1917), was the first woman attorney to practice before the Supreme Court. She personally lobbied members of Congress to pass a special act admitting women to the bar of the Court, and first practiced before the Court in 1879. Lockwood ran for the U.S. presidency in 1884 and 1888, being the first woman to have a complete, national campaign for that office. From the 1870s onward Lockwood was active with the radical peace group, the Universal Peace Union, representing the organization at several international peace congresses.
Restrictions to Access
Yes, photocopies of documents should be used instead of originals in most cases. Original documents and photographs are separate and restricted, but may be used with permission of Curator.
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, photographs, CD
Gift of Devere Allen, Lella Crum Gardner, Jill Norgren, and others, 1949, 1950s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s
Processed by Peace Collection staff, last revised: February 2007.
Belva A. Lockwood Papers (DG 098), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright may have been transferred to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Or copyright may retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record
Universal Peace Union Records (DG 038)
International Peace Bureau Collected Records (CDG-B Switzerland)
Belva Ann McNall Lockwood (1830-1917), was the first woman attorney to practice before the Supreme Court. In the late 1870s Lockwood personally lobbied members of Congress to pass a special act admitting women to the bar of the Court. Lockwood first practiced before the Court in 1879. Among other cases, Lockwood successfully represented the Eastern Cherokee Indians in an five million dollar suit before the Court. She also represented hundreds of family members of Civil War veterans in their pension claims.
Lockwood was also an ardent supporter of women's rights. She lectured and toured the country in attempts to gather support for woman suffrage. In 1884, and again in 1888, she was the Presidential candidate for the National Equal Rights Party, capturing over 4,000 votes in six states. Her other feminist activities included serving as president of the Woman's National Press Association, and being appointed Attorney General of the American Woman's Republic, an organization founded by Marietta Stowe and dedicated to preparing women for the rights and responsibilities of full citizenship.
As an executive board member of the Universal Peace Union, Lockwood attended many international peace congresses. She wrote tracts on international arbitration and was one of the nominating members of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee.
The Papers of Belva Ann Lockwood are an assortment of writings both by and about her. The papers include correspondence (1885-1915), pamphlets, manuscripts, and newspaper and journal articles. The bulk of the correspondence is between Lockwood and Alfred H. Love of the Universal Peace Union, and from Lockwood to her nephew, Frank Gardner, and his wife Lella Gardner. A few of Lockwood's writings and law briefs are in the collection. Much of Lockwood's office files and personal papers were destroyed soon after her death.
The manuscripts consist primarily of personal accounts by Lockwood of speeches and important law cases. Newspaper clippings and articles document Lockwood's involvement in the woman suffrage and peace movements, as well as her legal and political activities. Many of the later clippings are biographical summaries celebrating her life. There is a small amount of material about the American Woman's Republic.
Correspondents in this collection include: Arabella Carter, Amanda Deyo, Lella Crum Gardner, and Alfred H. Love.
Later materials include activities surrounding the Belva Lockwood U.S. postage stamp, issued in 1986, and biographical writings about her life and work.
Items removed: Photographs, consisting mostly of portraits of Lockwood from the 1870s to (circa) 1910.
Arrangement of Collection
This collection is organized into three series:. Series I contains Bigraphical material and all correspondence; Series II contains writings by Lockwood; Series III contains writings about Lockwood; and Series IV contains information on Lockwood ephemera.
Considering the rarity of Lockwood materials, researchers are asked to use photocopies of the original materials (see list of original items), including the photographs. Original documents and photographs may be viewed with permission of the Curator.
Detailed Description of the Collection
SERIES I: Biographical material and Correspondence
Correspondence f rom BAL to Frank and Lella Gardner (1911-1913)
Correspondence between BAL and Alfred H. Love and his family (1885-1913)
Correspondence between BAL and others (1888, 1903-1915)
Correspondence, miscellaneous, (1888, 1891)
Photocopies of photographs [originals are located in the FHL cage area with original Lockwood manuscripts]