Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Wilhelm Sollman Papers, 1901-1991

Collection: DG 045


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: 610-328-8557 (curator)
Fax: 610-690-5728
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Sollman, Wilhelm (1881-1951)
Title
Willhelm Sollman Papers
Inclusive Dates
1901-1991
Call Number
DG 045

Language of Materials
Materials in English and German
Extent
7 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Friedrich Wilhelm Sollmann (1881-1951), German labor leader, journalist, and Reichminister. Exiled from Germany in 1933, Sollmann sought refuge in the United States and eventually became an American citizen, adopting William F. Sollmann as his preferred form of address. Sollmann was a member of the German delegation to the Versailles Peace Treaty conference and he served as a representative to the Constitutional National Assembly at Weimar. In 1920 Sollmann was elected to the first of his eight terms in the Reichstag where he was to be a prominent member of the committee on foreign affairs.
Sollmann's career as a lecturer and advisor on Germany and international affairs commenced in 1937 and continued until the time of his death.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Yes, original documents are stored off-site, patrons must use microfilm for boxes 1-17; to view boxes 18-19 (not microfilmed), patrons must contact SCPC staff at least two weeks in advance of visit to request this material from off site storage.
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, microfilm Reels 40.1-13
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Kate Sollmann, Elfriede Sollmann, and Hertha Kraus, 1951 and 1998
Processing Information
Processed by SCPC staff, finding aid revised in 1998 and 2008 by Wendy E. Chmielewski
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Wilhelm Sollman Papers (DG 045), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Historical Background
Friedrich Wilhelm Sollmann (1881-1951), German labor leader, journalist, and Reichminister, was born in Coburg, Germany. Exiled from Germany in 1933, Sollmann sought refuge in the United States and eventually became an American citizen, adopting William F. Sollmann as his preferred form of address. Sollmann, who is credited with the co-founding of the University of Cologne in 1919, became editor-in-chief of the Rheinische Zeitung that same year and served in this post until 1933. In 1919 he was a member of the German delegation to the Versailles Peace Treaty conference and he served as a representative to the Constitutional National Assembly at Weimar. In 1920 Sollmann was elected to the first of his eight terms in the Reichstag where he was to be a prominent member of the committee on foreign affairs. Sollmann was also the Secretary of the Interior in two cabinets under Chancellor Gustav Stresemann. Attacked and nearly beaten to death by Nazi storm troopers in 1933, Sollmann, became a German exile, and took up the editorship of the Deutsche Freiheit, a daily paper of the Saar territory. Sollmann emigrated to the United States, where he became an associate staff member of Pendle Hill, a Quaker study center in Wallingford, Pennsylvania. Sollmann's views on the then-current world tension showed his deep confidence that the only solution would be conciliation and mutual adjustments by the nations concerned. His final advice was: "Maintain an equilibrium, however precarious, for 50, if necessary for 100 years. The deep changes which are required in society today cannot be hurriedly accomplished. Insist that high officials of the opposing governments and responsible persons of wide influence from both sides confer constantly in private, outside the orbit of the newspapers. Negotiate, negotiate, negotiate." Sollmann's career as a lecturer and advisor on Germany and international affairs commenced in 1937 and continued until the time of his death.

Collection Overview
The Wilhelm Sollmann papers include biographical material, writings, and correspondence. The biographical material gives information about Sollmann's life in Germany and afterwards in the United States. Tributes and memorials are also included in the collection. Sollmann was a prolific writer and many of his speeches, essays, pamphlets, and newspaper articles may be found here. A large portion of this collection consists of Sollmann's correspondence with prominent men and women of Germany and other parts of the world. There are also many letters with fellow exiles who write of political, financial, and marital difficulties resulting from the Nazi regime.

After the death of Elfriede Sollmann additional material was deposited in the Peace Collection. This accession also included biographical material on William Sollmann and a large number of family letters. The letters, mostly written by Sollmann to his daughter Elfriede, reveal personal information about the family in Germany, their adjustment to life in the United States, family relationships, and William Sollmann's thoughts about his work in the 1930s and 1940s. There is also a small amount of information of biographical information about Elfriede Sollmann. Several photographs were included in this accession.

Items removed:
Several photographs of Wilhelm Sollmann and others
3 pen and ink drawings of Wilhelm Sollmann
1 oil painting of W. Sollman.


Arrangement of Collection
The Sollmann papers were deposited in the Peace Collection in two sections. The first, and largest, part of the collection arrived in 1951 soon after Wilhelm Sollmann's death. This material was organized into biographical material, correspondence, printed writings, typescript material, and publicity about Sollmann's work. All items are arranged chronologically within each category.

The second accession arrived in 1998 and came from the estate of Elfriede Sollmann. This material was also organized into similar categories of biographical material, writings, correspondence, and materials pertaining to Elfriede Sollmann. Again all items were arranged chronologically within each section.
The 1951 accession was microfilmed by the Peace Collection long before receipt of the materials donated by Elfriede Sollmann. Thus there was no attempt to integrate the later accession with the earlier. The later gift was placed in a separate box.
 
Photographs were removed to the Photograph Collection.





Detailed Description of the Collection

List of Material in DG 045
Microfilm reel number

Box number

40.01

Biographical papers and major correspondence

1
40.02

General Correspondence, 1901-1924

2
40.03

General Correspondence, 1925-1933; 1934 - January 1936

3, 4
40.04

General Correspondence, January - December 1939; 1937-1939

4, 5
40.05

General Correspondence, 1940-1942

6
40.06

General Correspondence, 1943-1945

7
40.07

General Correspondence, 1946-1951 and undated

8
40.08

Printed articles: editorial, magazine, pamphlet, and newspaper, 1908-1926

10
40.09

Printed articles: editorial, magazine, pamphlet, and newspaper, 1927-1933

11
40.10
Printed articles: editorial, magazine, pamphlet, and newspaper, 1934-1939; 1940-1950 and
undated
12, 13

40.11

Typescripts in English; Typescripts in German

14, 15
40.12

Publicity about W. F. Sollmann (newspaper and magazine articles, clippings and cartoons) 1911-1937;

1. Publicity about W. F. Sollmann, 1938-1950
2. Lecture Announcements and Leaflets
3. Memorials
4. "The Sollmann Nachlass," by Sybil Morton
16, 17
40.13

Lecture engagements, correspondence, 1938-1951

9
Not filmed:

Material from Elfriede Sollmann (Acc. 98A-080)

18, 19
 
Box 1 off-site
Wilhelm Sollmann's biographical papers and major correspondence
Permission to quote
Finding list
Biographical papers
W. Sollmann's report on Germany 1949, 1950
Adenauer, Konrad, correspondence
Brüning, H., correspondence
Sievers, Max, correspondence
Strasser, O., correspondence
Letters related to the return of the ex-Crown Prince to Germany, 1932
List of anti-Nazi leaders in Germany
 
Box 2 off-site
General Correspondence, 1901-1924
1901
1903
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
re: Versailles Treaty
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
 
Box 3 off-site
General Correspondence, 1925-1933
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1932
 
Box 4 off-site
General Correspondence, 1925-1933
1934
1935
1936 (January 3 - December 30)
1936 (January 1 - December 12)
 
Box 5 off-site
General Correspondence, 1937-1939
1937
1938
1939
 
Box 6 off-site
General Correspondence, 1940-1942
1940 (January 1 - December 30)
1940 (January 1 - December 31)
1941 [re: assistance to refugees]
1941
1942
 
Box 7 off-site
General Correspondence, 1943-1945
1943
1944
1945
 
Box 8 off-site
General Correspondence, 1946-1951, undated
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
Undated
 
Box 9 off-site
Lecture engagements, correspondence, 1938-1951
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944-1951
 
Box 10 off-site
Printed articles; editorial, magazine, pamphlet, and newspaper, 1908-1926
1908
1911
1913
1912
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
 
Box 11 off-site
Printed articles; editorial, magazine, pamphlet, and newspaper, 1927-1933
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
 
Box 12 off-site
Printed articles; editorials, magazine, pamphlet, and newspaper, 1934-1939
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
 
Box 13 off-site
Printed articles; editorial, magazine, pamphlet, and newspaper, 1940-1950, undated
1941
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
Undated
 
Box 14 off-site
Typescripts in English
 
Box 15 off-site
Typescripts in German
 
Box 16 off-site
Publicity about W. F. Sollmann (newspaper and magazine articles, clippings, and cartoons), 1911-1937, 1938-1950, undated
1911
1917
1918
1919
1921
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
Undated
 
Box 17 off-site
Lecture announcements and leaflets
Memorials, 1951
Article: "The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace--The Sollmann Nachlass," by Sybil Milton
Published inventory of W. F. Sollmann materials in the Cologne, Federal Republic of Germany, Historical Archives
 
Box 18 [not microfilmed] off-site
Papers from Elfriede Sollmann (acc. 98A-080)
Wilhelm Sollmann biographical material, tributes, and memorials
Newspaper clippings/Other media about Wilhelm Sollmann
Tribute to Wilhelm Sollmann, Cologne, Germany, 1991
Sollmann materials in Historiches Archiv, Cologne, Germany
Writings of Wilhelm Sollmann, 1915-1933, 1939-1951
Writings of Wilhelm Sollmann, no date
Writings of Wilhelm Sollmann, American Friends Service Committee Reports, Nos. 1-12, 1948
Writings of Wilhelm Sollmann, Civil liberties reports
Correspondence, Sollmann family, 1906-1920
Correspondence, Sollmann family, 1922-1926
Correspondence, Sollmann family, 1933-1936

Box 19 [not microfilmed] off-site
Papers from Elfriede Sollmann (acc. 98A-080)
Correspondence, Sollmann family, 1937-1938
Correspondence, Sollmann family, 1940-1951, 1966, & no date
Wilhelm Sollmann, non-family correspondance
Wilhelm Sollmann, published writings
Wilhelm Sollmann, reference files
Elfriede Sollmann, biographical material, non-family correspondence
Elfriede Sollmann, reference files

Photographs [removed to Photograph Collection]
Several photographs of Wilhelm Sollmann and others

Memorabilia [removed to appropriate collections]
3 pen and ink drawings of Wilhelm Sollmann
1 oil painting of W. Sollmann



This file was last updated on December 4, 2008.