Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Women's Peace Union Records, 1921-1940

Collection: DG 044




Contact Information

Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator);
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator);
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace
/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for these papers/records.
Creator
Women's Peace Union
Title
Women's Peace Union Records
Inclusive Dates
1921-1940
Call Number
DG 044

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
11.25 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
The Women's Peace Union was founded in August 1921 to encourage the formation of a peace group to encompass all the women of the western hemisphere, to work for complete disarmament and the abolition of all constitutional and legal sanctions for war. Records in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection are those of the United States branch

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, microfilm reels 88:1-26
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Women's Peace Union, via Tracy D. Mygatt, 1942 [Acc. No. 42-056]; via Frances M. Witherspoon, 1947 [Acc. No. 47-016]
Processing Information
Processed by Peace Collection staff; this finding aid updated by Wendy E. Chmielewski, August 2011.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Women's Peace Union Records (DG 044), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is was transferred by the staff of the Women's Peace Union to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Other authors of items in these records, or their descendents, have retained copy right, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record



Historical Background
The Women's Peace Union was founded in 1921 at a meeting of American and Canadian women in Niagara Falls. The Women's Peace Union for the Western Hemisphere that resulted from this conference had branches in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and several other Latin American countries. Each group worked for complete disarmament and for the abolition of legal sanction for war.
The Women's Peace Union ascribed to a pledge that advocated noncooperation with any war effort. To this end, in 1926, the members of the U.S. section of the WPU drafted an amendment that would make the waging of war unconstitutional. The WPU gained the support of Senator Lynn J. Frazier of North Dakota, who introduced the amendment in every session of Congress from 1927 until 1940. Of the many women who worked in the WPU Caroline Lexow Babcock was especially active in the early Congressional lobbying campaigns. Tracy D. Mygatt, another absolute pacifist, worked with the WPU from its inception and was instrumental in representing the organizations work against conscription from 1939 to 1940.


Collection Overview
The records of the Women's Peace Union in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection are those of the U.S. Branch. Correspondence makes up a large part of the collection. There are also minutes from meetings, reports, form letters, WPU literature, information on the history of the Women's Peace Union, petitions, and material on the Frazier amendment.
Correspondents and others in the collection include Jane Addams, Caroline Lexow Babcock, Elizabeth Black, Katherine Devereux Blake, Elinor Byrns, Lynn J. Frazier, Yella Hertzka, Lida Gustava Heymann, Jessie Wallace Hughan, Frieda L. Lazarus, Lola Maverick Lloyd, Tracy D. Mygatt, Rosika Schwimmer, Lydia G. Wentworth, Mary E. Winsor, and Frances M. Witherspoon.






Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1 [Reel 88.1]
History, Minutes, Resolutions, 1922-1930
Office System, and Agreement on Renting Office in, 1928
History of the Women's Peace Union
Minutes, 1922
Minutes, 1923
Minutes, 1924
Minutes, 1925
Minutes, 1926
Minutes, 1927
Minutes, 1928
Minutes, 1929
Minutes, 1930


Box 2 [Reel 88.2]
Minutes, Press Releases, Form Letters, 1921-1940
Minutes, 1931
Committee for Total Disarmament
Minutes, 1935
Minutes, 1936
Minutes, 1937
Minutes, 1938
Minutes, 1939
Press Releases
Minutes of Geneva Committee
Women's Peace Union Form Letter and Releases, 1921-1940

Box 3
Women's Peace Union Literature
Literature (folder 1)
Literature (folder 2) [Reel 88.3]
Literature (folders 3 to 10)

Box 3a
Women's Peace Union Literature and Bulletins
Political Bulletin
No More War Bulletin, 1922
Peace Plans, 1924

Box 4
Women's Peace Union Petition, Speeches
Women's Petition, 1928, 1940
Babcock's Speeches
Tracy D. Mygatt's Speeches
I. Palmer's Speeches
Radio Speeches
Inter-American Conference, Buenos Aires, 1936-1938
North Dakota Campaign, 1927-1928 [Reel 88.4 ]
Frazier Hearings, 1927-1929

Box 5
Frazier Hearings and Amendments, Correspondence
Frazier Amendment Congressional Hearings and Resolutions, 1926-1939
Frazier Hearing, April 12, 1930 [Reel 88.5 ]
Fish and Ludlow, Congressional Resolutions, 1937-1938
Sample Correspondence with Candidates in Different States, 1924-1926

Box 6
Correspondence--Frazier, and Correspondence--A. 1926-1937;
Frazier, 1926-1937
A, 1921-1925
A, 1926
A, 1927
A, 1928
A, 1929 [Reel 88.6]
A, 1930
A, 1931
Anthony, Helen, 1921-1931


Box 7
Armistice Day (Radio Celebration), 1927
Ashby, Isabel, 1921-1931
B, 1921-1925
B, 1926

B, 1927 [Reel 88.7]
B, 1928
B, 1929

Box 8
B, 1930
B, 1931
Babcock, E.S., 1924-1931

Baer, Gertrude, 1922-1930 [Reel 88.8]
Barker, Mrs. Christine, 1921-1929
Black, Elisabeth, 1922-1930
Blake, K. Devereux, 1922-1929


Box 9
Brokaw, V.B., 1926-1931
Byrns, Elinor, 1923-1931 [Reel 88.9]
C, 1921
C, 1922
C, 1923
C, 1924
C, 1925


Box 10
Correspondence C, (Continued)1921-1931
C, 1926
C, 1927
C, 1928 [Reel 88.10]
C, 1929
C, 1930
C, 1931
Churches, 1923-1926
Colleges, 1925
Committee on Militarism in Education, 1926-1931
Cook, Mrs. Elisabeth C.
Cope, Mrs. Walter
Cox, Lucy, 1926-1931

Box 11
D, 1921-1925
D, 1926
D, 1927
D, 1928
D, 1929 [Reel 88.11]
D, 1930
D, 1931
Dennett, Mary W., 1928-1931
Doukhobors, 1929-1930
E, 1922-1925
E, 1926
E, 1927
E, 1928
E, 1929
E, 1930
E, 1931
English Parliament, 1926-1930

Box 12
Embassy Letters, 1926-1927
F, 1922-1925
F, 1926
F, 1927
F, 1928
F, 1929
F, 1930
F, 1931
Fendall, M.C., 1924-1925
Flanagan, 1926-1928 [Reel 88.12]
Floyd, William
G, 1921-1925
G, 1926
G, 1927
G, 1928

Box 13
G, 1929
G, 1930
G, 1931
Graves, Anna Melissa, 1923-1931
H, 1921-1925
H, 1926 [Reel 88.13]
H, 1927
H, 1928
H, 1929
H, 1930
H, 1931

Box 14
Heimisch, Isabel, 1928-1931
Heymann, Lida Gustava, 1926
Hoover, 1929
Hughes, Miss Ruby, 1926-1930
I, 1921-1925
I, 1926
I, 1927
I, 1928
I, 1929
I, 1930
I, 1931
J, 1921-1925 [Reel 88.14]
J, 1926
J, 1927
J, 1928
J, 1929
J, 1930
J, 1931
K, 1921-1925
K, 1926
K, 1927

Box 15
K, 1928
K, 1929
K, 1930
K, 1931
L, 1921-1925
L, 1926
L, 1927 [Reel 88.15]
L, 1928
L, 1929
L, 1930
L, 1931
La Follette, R., 1925-1929
Lazarus, Freida, 1927-1930
League to Abolish Capital Punishment, 1925-1928
Leber, Alma, 1922-1931
Ledletter, Florence, 1928-1930
Lloyd, Lola Maverick, 1925-1931

Box 16
M, 1925
M, 1926
M, 1927
M, 1928
M, 1929
M, 1930 [Reel 88.16]
M, 1931
Magazines, 1927
Mobilization Day, 1924
N, 1921-1925
N, 1926
N, 1927
N, 1928

Box 17
N, 1929
N, 1930
N, 1931
No More War Demonstration (United States), 1922-1923
No More War Movement (England), 1922-1930
National Council for Prevention of War, 1921-1930
O'Day, Caroline [Mrs. Daniel] [Reel 88.17]
O, 1926
O, 1927
O, 1928
O, 1929
O, 1930
O, 1931
P, 1922-1925
P, 1926
P, 1927
P, 1928

Box 18
P, 1929
P, 1930
P, 1931
Pacifist Action Committee, 1930-1931
Palmer, Ida, 1922-1930
Park, Alice, 1921-1931 [Reel 88.18]
Pennsylvania Committee for Total Disarmament, 1930-1931
Peace Weekday, 1926-1927
R, 1921-1925
R, 1926
R, 1927
R, 1928

Box 19
R, 1928
Jeannette Rankin's Speeches
R, 1929
R, 1930 [Reel 88.19]
R, 1931
S, 1921-1925 [2 folders]
S, 1926

Box 20
S, 1927
S, 1928 [Reel 88.20]
S, 1929
S, 1930
S, 1931
Schellenberg, Mrs. M., 1928-1930
Spencer, Fannie Bixby, 1921-1926
Stöcker, Helene, 1923-1935
Schwimmer, Rosika, 1923-1929
Strong, Sydney Dix

Box 21
T, 1921-1925
T, 1926
T, 1927
T, 1928
T, 1929
T, 1930 [Reel 88.21]
T, 1931
Tone, Gertrude, 1921-1930
Torrence, Olivia, D. 1923-1931

Box 22
U-V, 1921-1925
U-V, 1926
U-V, 1927
U-V, 1928
U-V, 1929
U-V, 1930
U-V, 1931 [Reel 88.22]
W, 1921-1925
W, 1926
W, 1927
W, 1928
W, 1929

Box 23
W, 1930
W, 1931
War Resisters International, 1922-1924
War Resisters International 1926-1931
Wellock, Wilfred, 1925-1929
Wentworth, Lydia, 1922-1931 [Reel 88.23]
Winsor, Mary, 1922-1930

Box 24
X-Y-Z, 1921-1925
X-Y-Z, 1926
X-Y-Z, 1927
X-Y-Z, 1928
X-Y-Z, 1929
X-Y-Z, 1930
X-Y-Z, 1931
1932
1933
1934
1935 [Reel 88:24]
January-June 1936
July-December 1936
January-June 1937
July-December 1937; 1938

Box 25
1938
1939 [Reel 88:25]
1940
Newspaper Correspondence
Newspaper Clippings
Scrapbook-Newspaper Clippings, 1922-1929 [Reel 88.26]
Scrapbook-Newspaper Clippings, 1928-1930




This file was last updated on August 30, 2011.