Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Lydia G. Wentworth Papers, 1902-1947

Collection: DG 041


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Wentworth, Lydia G. (1858 - 1947)
Title
Lydia G. Wentworth Papers
Inclusive Dates
1902-1947
Call Number
DG 041

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
4.5 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Lydia G. Wentworth, was a writer and ardent peace advocate who lived most of her life in Brookline, Massachusetts. Despite illness which confined her to bed for over thirty years, she carried on a prolific correspondence and contributed hundreds of articles to newspapers and magazines.Wentworth believed that socialism and pacifism were synonymous. She campaigned vigorously against the nationalism which taught that war is a necessary evil, wholly unavoidable. She urged women to play a role in promoting peace by seeking election to public office. Wentworth was on the advisory committee of the Women's Peace Society, and was a member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, the Fellowship of Reconciliation, the Association to Abolish War, and the Boston League of Women Voters. She also contributed financially to many organizations, including the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ,and the Save the Children Fund. Wentworth died in 1947
.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
Yes, this collection is stored off-site. Please contact SCPC staff at least two weeks in advance of visit to arrange for retrieval of this collection.
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, on microfilm reels 86.1-86.11
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Lydia Wentworth, circa 1937-1945
Processing Information
Checklist revised by Anne Yoder, May 2003; this finding aid was prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone, August 2009
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Lydia G. Wentworth Papers (DG 041), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Historical Background
Lydia G. Wentworth, born in 1858, was a writer and ardent peace advocate who lived most of her life in Brookline, Massachusetts. She taught school until forced to retire in 1888 because of a nervous breakdown. Despite illness which confined her to bed for over thirty years, she carried on a prolific correspondence and contributed hundreds of articles to newspapers and magazines. Many of these were used as editorials or were printed in leaflet form and distributed to peace societies.

Wentworth believed that socialism and pacifism were synonymous. In her judgment, the pacifist was the only true patriot, and she campaigned vigorously against the nationalism which taught that war is a necessary evil, wholly unavoidable. She urged women to play a role in promoting peace by seeking election to public office, and becoming leaders in the peace movement. In the mid-1940s, she began to correspond with Ruth Welty, one of the founders of the Matriots Foundation, an organization dedicated to changing "the dominant masculinity in our civilization." Wentworth herself was on the advisory committee of the Women's Peace Society, and was a member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, the Fellowship of Reconciliation, the Association to Abolish War, and the Boston League of Women Voters. She also contributed financially to many causes and organizations, including the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ,and the Save the Children Fund.

Wentworth died in 1947.

The Lydia C. Wentworth Papers consist of correspondence with many friends, newspaper editors and organizations; manuscripts, printed articles and poems; and newsclippings. Her correspondents include Caroline Lexow Babcock, Emily Green Balch, Dorothy Detzer, Annie E. Gray, Charles T. Hallinan, John Haynes Holmes, Jessie Wallace Hughan, Frederick J. Libby, Robert Luce, Lucia Ames Mead, Alice Park, Henry W. Pinkham, Arthur Ponsonby, E.L. Pratt, Belle Rankin, Sydney Strong, Fanny Garrison Villard, and John M. Work.

Collection Overview
The collection consists mainly of Wentworth's correspondence with peace movement colleagues and her own writings.






Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
[off-site]
Correspondence, 1902-1922, no date [on microfilm reel 86:1]
Correspondence, 1923-1924 [on microfilm reel 86:2]

Box 1a [off-site]
Correspondence, 1925-1926
Correspondence, 1927 [on microfilm reel 86:3]

Box 2 [off-site]
Correspondence, 1928 - 1930 (February)
Correspondence, (1930) March - December [on microfilm reel 86:4]

Box 3 [off-site]
Correspondence, 1931 (January - September)[on microfilm reel 86:5]
Correspondence, 1931 (October) [on microfilm reel 86:6]

Box 4 [off-site]
Correspondence, 1931 (November) - 1932 (July)
Correspondence, August 1932 [on microfilm reel 86:7]

Box 5 (1/2 Box) [off-site]
Correspondence, 1932 (September - December )

Box 5a [off-site]
Correspondence, 1933 (January - February)
Correspondence, 1933 (March - December) [on microfilm reel 86:8]

Box 6 [off-site]
Correspondence, 1934
Correspondence, 1935-1937 [on microfilm reel 86:9]
[no correspondence for 1938-1942]
Correspondence, 1943-1944

Box 7 [off-site]
Correspondence, 1945-1946
Correspondence, 1947 [on microfilm reel 86:10]
Miscellaneous, 1923-1934
Writings: articles and letters to the Editor, 1921-1927

Box 8 [off-site]
Writings: articles and letters to the Editor, 1928-1931
Writings: articles and letters to the Editor, 1932 [on microfilm reel 86:11]

Box 9 [off-site]
Writings: articles and letters to the Editor, 1933-1947, no date
Articles about Wentworth [on microfilm reel 86:11?]
Re-File material [may be duplicates of what is in previous boxes/folders; not on microfilm]




This file was last updated on May 24, 2010.