Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Massachusetts Peace Society Records, 1816-1917

Collection: DG 020


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Massachusetts Peace Society
Title
Massachusetts Peace Society Records
Inclusive Dates
1816-1917
Call Number
DG 020

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
5 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
The Massachusetts Peace Society was first formed in 1815, and a new organization reformed in 1911. The records of both groups have been combined here to form one archival collection. 

The Massachusetts Peace Society (MPS)was the second [third?] such society to form in America on December 28, 1815, organized primarily by Noah Worcester (1758-1837), a Unitarian minister.  By 1819 the MPS had over 850 members, with branches established throughout the state and beyond.  The MPS merged, into the newly formed American Peace Society in May 1828. A new Massachusetts Peace Society was reorganized on April 27, 1911, with Samuel B. Capen as President and James Tryon as Secretary.  It was possibly a branch of the American Peace Society.  World War I put an end to the activities of the MPS.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, microfilm reels 77.1-77.11
Acquisitions Information
Parts donated by the Massachusetts Peace Society and by Mabel Soule Call (American Peace Society)
Processing Information
Prepared by Peace Collection staff; revised by Anne Yoder, August 2005; This finding aid was prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone, August 2009
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Massachusetts Peace Society Records (DG 020), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
American Peace Society Records (DG 003)
Edwin Mead and Lucia Ames Mead Papers (DG 021)
Rose Dabney Forbes Papers (DG 014)


Historical Background
There were two periods in which there was an existing Massachusetts Peace Society, and the records of both groups have been put together here to form one archival collection. 

The Massachusetts Peace Society was the second [third?] such society to form in America and was organized on December 28, 1815. It was founded primarily by Noah Worcester (1758-1837), a Unitarian minister.  The membership list of the new Society included an array of clergymen and Boston merchants, as well as prominent men at Harvard University and in local and state government.  The organization accepted persons who did not hold to a full pacifist position, attempting to unite all those who believed that war as a method of resolving conflict was both unchristian and inhumane.  By 1819 the MPS had over 850 members, with branches established throughout the state and beyond.  Membership fees and the sale of publications were the chief sources of financial support for the MPS, and the organization's main work was to enlighten public opinion through tracts and articles.  Worcester, the Corresponding Secretary, established a periodical in 1816, entitled Friend of Peace, which was published at irregular intervals; by 1828, fifty numbers had been issued.  In addition, Worcester published numerous tracts, with as many as 27,500 being distributed in 1828 alone.  These were sent both to Americans and to foreigners.  Support for the MPS dwindled during the 1820s and the retirement of Worcester in 1828 bled it of much of its vitality.  With the New York Peace Society and other local peace societies, the MPS merged, into the newly formed American Peace Society in May 1828.

A new Massachusetts Peace Society was reorganized on April 27, 1911, upon the departure from Boston of the American Peace Society's offices to Washington, D.C.  Samuel B. Capen was elected President and James Tryon as Secretary.  It was possibly a branch of the American Peace Society.  The MPS held monthly meetings with addresses by prominent men.  It raised $4,000 in 1910 and had a series of Sunday afternoon talks in Tremont Temple during 1914-1915.  In 1916, it purchased a stereopticon, and Secretary Tryon gave illustrated lectures on peace in many cities and towns of New England.  U.S. entry into World War I put an end to the activities of the MPS.

[sources: Pacifism in the United States by Peter Brock (1968) and The American Peace Society: A Centennial History by Edson L. Whitney (1928)]

Collection Overview
Much of the material in folder 1 of box 1 is duplicated in Noah Worcester's Friend of Peace (available in the SCPC Periodical Collection), and probably most other MPS items could be found through a close reading of this periodical and early serial publications of the American Peace Society.

Folder titles are arranged below under Massachusetts Peace Society [I] and Massachusetts Peace Society [II], which refers to the two different periods when the organization was in existence.

Correspondence of the 20th century MPS was donated by Mabel Call in January 1947.  Correspondents (besides those listed below) include: Percy Bliss, Le Baron Russell Briggs, Marion L. Burton, J. Augustus Cadwallader, Arthur Deerin Call, Crystal Eastman, Edward A. Filene, Sidney L. Gulick, Lucia Ames Mead, George W. Nasmyth, Harry Clinton Phillips, L.S. Rowe, William H. Short, Benjamin F. Trueblood, Lyra D. Trueblood, James L. Tryon, and L. Hollingsworth Wood.

Items removed:
One scrapbook of newspaper clippings (1914-1917) about the MPS located in the Oversized Items Collection: Scrapbooks

Arrangement of Collection
The files of the MPS (various) are organized chronologically. One scrapbook of newspaper clippings (1914-1917) about the MPS was removed to the Oversized Items Collection: Scrapbooks.  This item was not included on the microfilm.





Detailed Description of the Collection

Massachusetts Peace Society [I]
Box 1 (Reel 77.1)
Circulars, 1816-1836
Literature:  addresses, sermons, Massachusetts State Legislature reports on the Congress of Nations, 1816-1838
Annual Reports, 1818-1828 [incomplete set]
Reports of the Executive Committee, 1832-1835
Constitution, [1819]
Catalogues of officers and members, 1819-1820
Advance, 1938 [3 copies; contains historical information about MPS]

Massachusetts Peace Society [II]
Box 2 [mf reel 77.1 continued]
History; by-laws; constitution
Meeting minutes, 1915-1917
Correspondence: A, 1911-1915
Correspondence: A, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Ambercombie, Daniel W., 1914-1915
Correspondence: Alexander, Magnus N., 1914-1915
Correspondence: American Peace Society, 1913-1914

Box 2 (continued) [mf reel 77.2]
Correspondence: American Peace Society, 1915
Correspondence: Andrews, Fannie Fern, 1914-1915
Correspondence: Andrews, Mrs. Julius, 1914-1915
Correspondence: B, 1911-1914

Box 3 [mf reel 77.2 continued]
Correspondence: B, 1915 (October-December) [in reverse order on the microfilm]
Correspondence: B, 1915 (September-October) [in reverse order on the microfilm]
Correspondence: B, 1915 (September)
Correspondence: B, 1915 (January-August) [in reverse order on the microfilm]
Correspondence: B, 1916 [2 folders]

Box 3 (continued) [mf reel 77.3]
Correspondence: Balch, Emily Greene, 1915-1917
Correspondence: Blakeslee, George H., 1911-1916
Correspondence: Buffalo Peace and Arbitration Society
Correspondence: Bushnell, Rev. Samuel, 1914-1915
Correspondence: C, 1910-1914

Box 4 [mf reel 77.3 continued]
Correspondence: C, 1915 (September-December) [in reverse order on the microfilm]
Correspondence: C, 1916

Box 4 (continued) [mf reel 77.4]
Correspondence: D, 1911-1915
Correspondence: D, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Dole, Dr. Charles F., 1914-1915
Correspondence: Duncan, James, 1914-1915

Box 5 [mf reel 77.4 continued]
Correspondence: E, 1913-1915
Correspondence: E, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Elder, Hon. Samuel J., 1914-1916
Correspondence: Emergence Committee, [1915]
Correspondence: Evans, Mrs. Glendower, 1914-1915
Correspondence: F, 1913-1915
Correspondence: F, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Fall River Peace Society, 1914
Correspondence: Fish, Frederick P., 1914-1915
Correspondence: Fitzpatrick, Thomas B., 1914-1915

Box 5 (continued) [mf reel 77.5]
Correspondence: Forbes, Rose Dabney (Mrs. J. Malcolm), 1915-1916
Correspondence: Frothingham, Rev. Paul Revere, 1913-1915

Box 6 [mf reel 77.5 continued]
Correspondence: G, 1913-1915
Correspondence: G, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: H, 1911-1914
Correspondence: H, 1915 (September-December) [in reverse order on the microfilm]
Correspondence: H, 1915 (January-August) [in reverse order on the microfilm]

Box 6 (continued) [mf reel 77.6]
Correspondence: H, 1916 (January-August) [in reverse order on the microfilm]
Correspondence: Hamlin, Hon. Charles S., 1912-1915
Correspondence: Hemenway, Mrs. Augustus, 1914-1915
Correspondence: Heywood, Lucy B., 1914-1915
Correspondence: Hudson, Jay William - "The New Internationalism," [1915]

Box 7 [mf reel 77.6 continued]
Correspondence: I, 1915-1916
Correspondence: J, 1914-1916
Correspondence: K, 1913-1915
Correspondence: L, 1911-1915
Correspondence: L, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Lane, Maud Philbrick, 1914-1915
Correspondence: League to Enforce Peace, 1915-1916

Box 7 (continued) [mf reel 77.7]
Correspondence: Legislature, 1915-1916
Correspondence: local committees, 1915-1916
Correspondence: Loring, Louisa, 1914-1915

Box 8 [mf reel 77.7 continued]
Correspondence: M, 1911-1915
Correspondence: M, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Mead, Edwin D., 1911-1915
Correspondence: Mowry, W.A., 1913-1915
Correspondence: N, 1913-1915
Correspondence: N, 1915 (continued) - 1916

Box 9 [mf reel 77.8]
Correspondence: O, 1911-1916
Correspondence: P, 1911-1915
Correspondence: P, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Paine, Robert Treat, 1911-1915
Correspondence: Peace Oratorical Contest, 1912-1915
Correspondence: Peace Oratorical Contest, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Perry, Prof. Bliss, 1915-1916
Correspondence: Phillips, H.B., 1914-1915
Correspondence: preparedness (attitude of peace societies), 1916
Correspondence: press, 1915-1916

Box 10 [mf reel 77.9]
Correspondence: R, 1911-1915
Correspondence: R, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Raymond, Judge Robert T. (and Mrs.), 1914-1915
Correspondence: Rice, Horace J., 1913-1915
Correspondence: S, 1911-1914
Correspondence: S, 1915
Correspondence: S, 1915 (continued) - 1916

Box 11 [mf reel 77.10]
Correspondence: Seabury, Miss(es), 1913-1915
Correspondence: Seabury, Miss(es), 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: Smith, George S., 1914-1915
Correspondence: Snedden, David, 1911-1915
Correspondence: Sprague, Dr. Homer B., 1913-1915
Correspondence: suggested names, 1914
Correspondence: T, 1913-1915
Correspondence: T, 1915 (continued) - 1916
Correspondence: U, 1914-1916
Correspondence: United States, 1914-1916
Correspondence: V, 1915-1916
Correspondence: W, 1911-1914
Correspondence: W, 1915

Box 12 [mf  reel 77.11]
Correspondence: W, 1915-1916
Correspondence: Weston, Stephen F., 1913-1915
Correspondence: Wheelwright Jr., George W., 1914-1915
Correspondence: Winslow, Erving, 1914-1915
Correspondence: Worcester Organisation, 1914-1915
Correspondence: X-Y-Z, 1915
Pamphlets and leaflets
Miscellaneous
Newspaper clippings



This finding aid was last updated on December 22, 2009.