Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Hannah Johnston Bailey Papers, 1836-1923

Collection: DG 005


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: 610-328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: 610-690-5728
Email: wchmiel@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Bailey, Hannah Johnston (1839-1923)
Title
Hannah Johnston Bailey Papers
Inclusive Dates
1836-1923
Call Number
DG 005

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
3 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Quaker pacifist, suffragist, reformer, and temperance leader; superintendent of the Department of Peace and Arbitration of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union from 1887 to 1916; president and business manager of the Woman's Temperance Publication Association, the publishing arm of the WCTU; president of the Maine Woman Suffrage Association (1891-1899), and a member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Included in her papers is material that reflects her personal and professional interests through correspondence and published/unpublished writings, as well as photographs and memorabilia.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Patrons must use microfilm when available
Usage Restrictions
None [except that patrons must request off-site boxes two weeks in advance of visit to SCPC]
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm Reels 69.1-69.3 [this collection was microfilmed under NEH Grant No. RC 27706-77-739]
Acquisitions Information
Hannah Johnston Bailey (& family), the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Cornell University
Processing Information
Checklist revised by Anne Yoder, Jan. 2006; updated Nov. 2006; April 2008.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Hannah Johnston Bailey Papers/Records (DG 005), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Historical Background
Hannah Clark Johnston Bailey (1839-1923) was a Quaker pacifist, suffragist, reformer, and temperance leader. She was superintendent of the Department of Peace and Arbitration of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union from 1887 to 1916. Bailey also served as president and business manager of the Woman's Temperance Publishing Association, the publishing arm of the WCTU.

An active participant in the suffrage movement, Bailey was president of the Maine Woman Suffrage Association (1891-1899), and a member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Her many other reform interests included the influence of militarism on children, reform of women's prisons, the abolition of capital punishment, and women's missionary work. Bailey also served as an officer of the Universal Peace Union.

Hannah Bailey served as editor of two periodicals: The Pacific Banner, and a children's magazine, The Acorn. These titles may be found in the Peace Collection's periodical collection.

Collection Overview
The Hannah J. Bailey collection includes personal papers, correspondence, diaries and journals, published and unpublished articles, biographical information and memorabilia. The collection also contains material on Bailey's work with the national and world Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the National Council of Women, financial and legal papers of the Woman's Temperance Publishing Association, her work for social causes, her travels abroad, and her connection with the Society of Friends (Quakers). Correspondents and other names found in the collection include Cora DiBrazza-Savorgnan (Countess DiBrazza), Alice May Douglas, Anne Sturges Duryea, Anna Gordon, Lucia Ames Mead, and Frances Willard.

Arrangement of Collection
The Bailey papers are arranged in five and a half document boxes. The first box contains correspondence to and from Bailey, articles and other writings by Bailey, miscellaneous peace articles not authored by Bailey, and peace calendars issued by the Peace and Arbitration Department of the WCTU. Box 2 contains materials from the national Peace and Arbitration Department and local branches. The financial papers of the Woman's Temperance Publishing Association may be found in Box 3. Biographical material and articles about Bailey may be found in Box 4. Bailey's diaries and guest books are in Box 5. Box 6 holds later accessions, and re-file material. Photos have been removed to the Photograph Collection, and other items may be found in the Memorabilia and Oversized Items Collections. These include a peace flag (with pole), two packages of peace flags, a WCTU banner (3' x 5', silk, with hanging equipment), an autograph book, a guest book, two oversized graphite drawings (of HJB & of her son, Moses Melvin Bailey), two teacups and plates inscribed with the names of HJB and Moses W. Bailey [acc. 05A-079], and two scrapbooks. Many WCTU ribbons were removed from the scrapbooks and placed in the Button/Pin/Ribbon Collection. In 2006, the following was donated: a red glass mug engraved "Omaha Exposition 1898. H.J. Bailey," family silver (8 pieces of silverware; 1 napkin ring), a leather bound pocket New Testament inscribed "H.J. Bailey, 1914," a book Beautiful Joe inscribed "H.J. Bailey, April 1904," and a red-velvet covered autograph book presented to H.J. Bailey by A.W. & P.A. Pinkham, Christmas 1885 (only 1 page autographed, by Allen W. Pinkham & Phebe Anna Pinkham). All of these items were removed to the Memorabilia Collection. A print (black & white) of "Sunnyslope," the residence of Hannah J. Bailey in Winthrop Center (ME), and three 4"x5" black & white photographs were removed to the Photograph Collection. An oversized photograph of Pinkhams, Johnstons & Gerows on the porch of the house built by Hannah Bailey for her parents, ca. 1880s, was removed to the Oversized Photograph Collection.





Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1 [mf reel 69:1] off-site
Correspondence, Jan. 1, 1889: John Greenleaf Whittier (ALS) [original removed to Restricted Documents Collection]
Correspondence, 1893-1920
Articles, 1892-1916
Correspondence, 1897-1898: Countess DiBrazza
Printed articles & leaflets by HJB
Misc. articles re: peace [not by HJB]
Cards & calendars, 1883-1909
Misc. articles, undated

Box 2 [mf. reel 69:1] off-site
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Dept. of Peace & Arbitration, 1888-1917: reports, 1888-1909

Box 2 (cont.) [mf reel 69:2] off-site
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Dept. of Peace & Arbitration, 1888-1917: reports, 1910-1917
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Dept. of Peace & Arbitration, 1888-1917: programs, articles, etc.
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Dept. of Peace & Arbitration, 1888-1917: literature
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Dept. of Peace & Arbitration, 1888-1917: Branches

Box 3 [mf reel 69:2 cont.] off-site
Woman's Christian Temperance Union / Woman's Temperance Publishing Association, 1890-1904: financial records, 1890-1894
Woman's Christian Temperance Union / Woman's Temperance Publishing Association, 1890-1904: financial records, 1902-1904

Box 4 [mf reel 69:2 cont.] off-site
Articles about & photos of HJB [photos were not microfilmed]
Memorabilia

Box 4 cont. [mf reel 69:3] off-site
Miscellaneous [photos were microfilmed]

Box 5 [mf reel 69:3 cont.] off-site
Diaries & guest books [acc. 62A-052]

Box 5 cont. [not on microfilm] off-site
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Maine Branch: leaflet
Calendar, 1895 (of HJB)
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Dept. of Peace & Arbitration: leaflets (4)
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Dept. of Peace & Arbitration: 9th Report of the Superintendent, 1913
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Dept. of Peace & Arbitration: 25th Annual Report, 1912

Box 6 (1/2 box) [not on microfilm] on-site
Autograph album of Moses Bailey, 1836, 1854-1855 [acc. 05A-079]
Misc. re: George W. Bailey, etc. [acc. 05A-079]
Hymnbook "Jerusalem Manual of Worship, Rome Edition" (gift to HJB from George W. Bailey, Sept. 28, 1907) [acc. 05A-079]
Re-file material

Ghosts of My Friends, (an autograph book given to Bailey in 1914) [Acc. 08A-020]
Autograph album, Hannah J. Bailey,1881-1889 [Acc. 08A-020]
Portland, Maine, Public Library Card of Moses Melvin Bailey, 1912 [Acc. 08A-020]


File last updated, July 24, 2009.