Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Civilian Public Service Union Records, 1944-1946

Collection: DG 008


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Unknown
Title
Civilian Public Service Union Records
Inclusive Dates
1944-1946
Call Number
DG 008

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
3.5 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
The Civilian Public Service Union was organized at the beginning of 1944 in the CPS camp at Big Flats, New York. Men at other camps and units quickly joined the group. CPSU, a union for "drafted workers conscientiously opposed to war," was formed to provide an organized means of communication and group action among men in all sections of CPS and to combat the waste and injustice of the CPS system itself. Ralph C. Rudd served as chairman from late 1944 until CPSU was dissolved in early 1946.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Robert Beach and Gordon Streib
Processing Information
Processed; checklist revised by Wendy E. Chmielewski, June 1994; updated by Eleanor A. Fulvio, July 2009; Wendy E. Chmielewski August 2009.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Civilian Public Service Union Records (DG 008), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
Civilian Public Service Personal Papers and Collected Materials (DG 056)
Center on Conscience and War (DG 025)
American Friends Service Committee CPS Records (DG 002)
SCPC Resources on Conscientious Objection


Historical Background
The Civilian Public Service Union was organized at the beginning of 1944 in the CPS camp at Big Flats, New York. Men at other camps and units quickly joined the group. CPSU, a union for "drafted workers conscientiously opposed to war," was formed to provide an organized means of communication and group action among men in all sections of CPS and to combat the waste and injustice of the CPS system itself. Ralph C. Rudd served as chairman from late 1944 until CPSU was dissolved in early 1946.

Collection Overview
The records of the CPSU were deposited in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection in June of 1946 by Robert Beach of Philadelphia, a CPSU member. A small portion of the records came to the Peace Collection in 1976 from historian Charles Chatfield. These records originated in the larger collection of CPS records given to Chatfield by Gordon Streib (see Accession 76A-84). Records include a proposed constitution, scattered minutes, correspondence (1943-1945), CPSU Newsletter, statements, releases, financial records, membership and contact lists, and research date on use of manpower in CPS. Also in the collection are the records of local units in various CPS camps, including scattered minutes, correspondence, financial records, and membership lists. Camps represented by significant amounts of material include: Big Flats, NY Camp #46; Powellsville, MD Camp #52; Middletown, CT, Camp #81; Trenton, ND Camp #94; Pownal, ME Camp #130, Germfask, NC Camp #135; and Jaundice Unit, Philadelphia, PA Camp #140. See also American Civil Liberties Union, National Commission on Conscientious Objectors, Kampelman, AFSC-Civilian Public Service, labor and peace, conscientious objection.

Arrangement of Collection
These records are divided into two sections. The first part consists of the records donated to the Peace Collection by Robert Beach. These materials have not been reorganized, and have been kept in the order in which they arrived at the Peace Collection. The records that came from Gordon Streib have been kept separate and the material organized into categories matching the Beach accession. All materials have been put into acid-free folders.





Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
History, constitution, and national correspondence
History
Preliminary constitution, 1943-1944
Local constitutions
Mailing lists
Minutes of General Executive Board meeting, 1945 (May 5-6)
Correspondence
Election April 1945
Policy discussion July-August 1945
Rudd letters to Locals
Correspondence
Ralph Rudd correspondence
Miscellaneous correspondence
Correspondence with peace groups
Correspondence with/about labor
Miscellaneous correspondence
Ralph Rudd correspondence
Ralph Rudd correspondence -not CPSU [2 folders]
Ed. Whiteway-organizing secretary
Nat Hoffman-national treasurer, 1945
Stationary
Financial statements [2 folders]

Box 2
Mimeograph materials and publicity
Mimeo, 1946 (January 30)
Mimeo, 1945 (November 19)
Mimeo, 1945 (October 15)
Mimeo, 1945 (October 12) "Inquiry on CIO-SCMWA"
Mimeo 1945 (September 24) "Issues at Elkton"
Mimeo, 1945 (September 3) "GEB Letter"
Mimeo, 1945 (August 30)
Mimeo, 1945 (August 6) "Letter to Secretaries"
Mimeo, 1945 (August 3)Mailing list
Mime, 1945 (July 29) "Policy Discussion"
Mimeo, 1945 (July )
Mimeo, 1945 (June 1) "GEB Letter"
Mimeo, 1945 (May 19) "Letter to GEB and Moninees"
Mimeo Crespi Poll 1945
Mimeo, 1945 (May 15) "Issue at Middletown"
Dependency survey
Mimeo, 1945 (May 14) Mailing
Mimeo, 1945 (May 6)constitution, minutes of GEB
Secretary's report to GEB, 1945 (May 6)
Mimeo, 1945 (April 30)
Mimeo, 1945 (April 27)
Mimeo, 1945 Bibliographies for GEB (April 23)
News releases, 1945 (March 23)
Mimeo, 1945 (April 21)
Rudd letter to Locals and Contacts, 1945 (March 5)
Rudd letter to all camps, 1945 (March 24)
Mimeo 1945 (February) "Release on Germfask"
Mimeo, 1945 (February 12)Letter on test case
Rudd letter to all camps, 1945 (February 12)
Mimeo, 1945 (February 4)
Mimeo 1945 (February 2)
Mimeo Kosch's inquiry, 1945 (January 17)
Rudd to Union members and friends
Ralph Rudd letter to GEB and Locals 1944 (December)
Mimeo, 1944 (October 24)
Newsletter
Mimeo, 1944 (July 17)
Mimeo "Poll at Middletown, 1945"
Addresses-copies of mailing lists
Union vs. USA, filing of finances
Drafts for publication
Relevant data and pamphlets
Newsletter and files
 
Box 3
Correspondence re: S.S. Admin. Order #4, Unused skills in CPS
Correspondence with Henry Dyer
AFSC experience report
Lew Hill
Releases on Germfask
Pink paper #1
Pink paper #2
"What Should Be Done"
Newspaper publicity
Camp system
S.S. administrative instructions to hospital, etc. units
Correspondence S.S. AI #4 1943-1945
Ed Mayerding and;anti-conscription work
Rudd and;CPSU vs. CPS correspondence
 
Box 4
Survey of records of Union members
Forms
Unused skills-correspondence
Correspondence on Form L #1
Form #2 completed copies
Form #2 completed, selected originals
Form #2 completed, rejected
Form #2 completed, selected copies, not sent
Form #2 completed, selected copies
General Hershey letter
Form #1 filled out
Unused skills, copies of forms
Form #2 and covering letter
 
Box 5
Card lists of members
 
Box 6
Records and correspondence with local units filed by camp or unit Units #16 to #59
Camp #16 (Kane, Pa)
Camp # 20 (Wells Tannery)
Camp #21 (Cascade Locks)
Camp #23 (Coshocton)
Camp #26 (Alexian)
Camp #27 (Mulberry, Fla)
Camp #27 (Orlando)
Camp #27 (Tallahassee)
Camp #35 (North Fork, Ca)
Camp #36 (Santa Barbara)
Camp #37 (Coleville)
Camp #41 (Williamsburg)
Camp #42 (Wellston)
Camp #43 (Puerto Rico)
Camp #46 (Big Flats) 4 folders
Camp #47 (Sykesville)
Camp #49 (Byberry) 6 folders
Chairman's file
Camp #50 (Presbyterian Hospital)
Camp #51 (Fort Steilacoom)
Camp #52 (Powellsville) 3 folders
Camp #56 (Waldport)
Camp #59 (Elkton)
 
Box 7
Records and correspondence with local units filed by camp or unit Units #64 to #94
Camp #61 (Duke)
Camp #73 (Columbus)
Camp #75 (Medical Lake)
Camp #76 (Glendora)
Camp #77 (Greystone Park, NJ)
Camp #79 (Utah)
Camp #80 (Lyons)
Camp #81 (Middletown, GI unit)
Camp #81 (Middletown)
Camp #81 minutes
Camp #81 reports
Camp #81 communications from the G.E.B.
Camp #81 constitution and organization
Camp #81 letters
Camp #81 union
Camp #81 (Middletown) [3 folders]
Camp #82 (Newtown)
Camp #83 (Warren St.)
Camp #84 (Concord)
Camp #87 (Brattleboro)
Camp #88 (Agusta, Me)
Warren, Pennsylvania
Camp #94 (Trenton, SD) [2 folders]
 
Box 8
Records and correspondence with local units filed by camp or unit Units #100 to #148
Camp #100 Rutland, VT
Camp #108 Gatlinburg, TN
Camp #111 Mancos, CO
Camp #114 Mt. Weather, Bluemont, VA
Camp #115 Mass. General, Boston MA
Camp #115 Minneapolis, MN
Camp #115 Pinehurst, NC
Camp #115 Rochester, NY
Camp #115 Welfare Island, New York, NY
Camp #119 New Lisbon, NJ
Camp #121 Bedford, VA
Camp #127 American Fork, UT
Camp #128 Lapine, OR
Camp #129 Pennhurst, Spring City, PA
Camp #130 Pownal, ME [2 folders]
Camp #131 Cherokee, IO
Camp #132 Laurel, MD [2 folders]
Camp #134 Belden, CA [23olders]
Camp #135 Germfask [23olders]
Camp #136 Skillman, NJ
Camp #140 Jaundice Unit, Philadelphia, PA [2 folders]
Camp #140 New Haven, CT
Camp #148 Minersville, CA [2 folders]
 
Box 8 [9?]
Records from Acc. 76A-84
Constitution, mailing lists, and miscellaneous
Minutes of meetings
Correspondence
Financial records
News releases
Reports from camps
Special camp affairs
 



Last updated on August 27, 2009.