Swarthmore College Peace Collection

National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War Collected Records, 1924-1939

Collection: CDG-A



Contact Information

Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is not the official repository for this collection of records.
Creator
National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War
Title
National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War Collected Records
Inclusive Dates
1924-1939
Call Number
CDG-A

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
18 linear inches [papers only]
Abstract
In the spring of 1924, representatives of nine national women's organizations -- of varying goals, religious beliefs and methodologies -- met at the request of Carrie Chapman Catt. Their purpose was to consider whether they could work together to produce more effective results and less duplication of effort than was possible on their own. It was decided that they could unite on at least two things: to lobby for the United States to join the World Court, and to hold a conference together. They chose Carrie Chapman Catt to be their leader, and they called their coalition the National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War (NCCCW).

The first Conference on the Cause and Cure of War took place in Washington, D.C. in January 1925. It was so successful that conferences thereafter were held annually until 1941, when the 16th was canceled due to lack of funds.

The National Committee itself was appointed as a "continuing committee" after the first conference, and was composed of Catt as chair, the presidents of the member organizations, and the chairs of their committees on peace or international relations. Later, other officers, elected by delegates at the conferences, were added. Though none of the member organizations was pacifist, they were all interested in promoting peace and international cooperation. In time, the Committee was composed of eleven organizations and claimed to represent five million American women. The NCCCW was supported financially by grants from its member organizations and individual contributions.

The NCCCW emphasized education. Besides its annual conferences, probably its most significant program was its "Marathon Round Tables," which represented a network of guided local study groups. Its stated goals were 1) "to learn how to discuss"; 2) "to find the best way for public opinion to function"; and 3) "to search for a bolder and faster moving program for the abolition of war." Each year a new set of questions on peace and international relations was posited and information for study on the questions was provided. The program was active from 1927 to 1939.

The member organizations of the NCCCW were: the American Association of University Women, Council of Women for Home Missions, Federation of Woman's Boards for Foreign Missions of North America, General Federation of Women's Clubs, National Board of the Young Women's Christian Associations, National Council of Jewish Women, National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs, National League of Women Voters, National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, National Women's Trade Union League, and the National Women's Conference of American Ethical Union. The national office of the NCCCW was located at 1116 Grand Central Terminal Building, 100 East 45th Street, New York, New York.

Enthusiasm for the NCCCW waned during the second world war and it essentially became defunct; in 1943 it was resurrected into the Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace (which name later became the Committee on Education for Lasting Peace).

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Unknown
Processing Information
Processed by SCPC staff. Checklist revised by Anne Yoder, December 1997. Finding aid revised by Andrew Ciampa, July 2010.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War Collected Records (CDG-A), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Historical Background
In the spring of 1924, representatives of nine national women's organizations -- of varying goals, religious beliefs and methodologies -- met at the request of Carrie Chapman Catt. Their purpose was to consider whether they could work together to produce more effective results and less duplication of effort than was possible on their own. It was decided that they could unite on at least two things: to lobby for the United States to join the World Court, and to hold a conference together. They chose Carrie Chapman Catt to be their leader, and they called their coalition the National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War (NCCCW).

The first Conference on the Cause and Cure of War took place in Washington, D.C. in January 1925. It was so successful that conferences thereafter were held annually until 1941, when the 16th was canceled due to lack of funds.

The National Committee itself was appointed as a "continuing committee" after the first conference, and was composed of Catt as chair, the presidents of the member organizations, and the chairs of their committees on peace or international relations. Later, other officers, elected by delegates at the conferences, were added. Though none of the member organizations was pacifist, they were all interested in promoting peace and international cooperation. In time, the Committee was composed of eleven organizations and claimed to represent five million American women. The NCCCW was supported financially by grants from its member organizations and individual contributions.

The NCCCW emphasized education. Besides its annual conferences, probably its most significant program was its "Marathon Round Tables," which represented a network of guided local study groups. Its stated goals were 1) "to learn how to discuss"; 2) "to find the best way for public opinion to function"; and 3) "to search for a bolder and faster moving program for the abolition of war." Each year a new set of questions on peace and international relations was posited and information for study on the questions was provided. The program was active from 1927 to 1939.

The member organizations of the NCCCW were: the American Association of University Women, Council of Women for Home Missions, Federation of Woman's Boards for Foreign Missions of North America, General Federation of Women's Clubs, National Board of the Young Women's Christian Associations, National Council of Jewish Women, National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs, National League of Women Voters, National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, National Women's Trade Union League, and the National Women's Conference of American Ethical Union. The national office of the NCCCW was located at 1116 Grand Central Terminal Building, 100 East 45th Street, New York, New York.

Enthusiasm for the NCCCW waned during the second world war and it essentially became defunct; in 1943 it was resurrected into the Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace (which name later became the Committee on Education for Lasting Peace).



Collection Overview
The NCCCW Collection consists of general information about and by the Committee; correspondence (including a letter from Eleanor Roosevelt); material from the 1925-1940 annual conferences and the Marathon Round Tables program; papers of Dr. Emily Hickman; and the serial publication "The Bulletin." It also includes biographical information about Carrie Chapman Catt, and a small amount of her writings.

See also the Laura Puffer Morgan Collection (CDG-A), the Women's Action Committee [for Victory and Lasting Peace] Collection (CDG-A), the Committee on Education for Lasting Peace Collection (CDG-A), and the Hannah Clothier Hull Collection (DG 016).

Items removed:
Delegate ribbons
Photograph: New Jersey State Conference on the NCCCW, 1928 [Oversize]

 




Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
Checklist
General information
Biographical information on Carrie Chapman Catt
Forward to The Horror of It: Camera Records of War's Gruesome Glories by Frederick A. Barber (Historical Foundations, New York, NY), 1932
Speech "Who Can Answer" given at 44th Congress of American Industry, 1939 (December 8) (published)
Speech "Then...And Now" given at the celebration of her 80th birthday, 1939 (January 9) (published)
Periodical The Woman Citizen 5:40 1921 (March 5); includes article "The Carrie Chapman Catt Citizenship Course: Inside Stories About the Federal Department" by Mary Anderson
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1927 - 1936, 1938; includes letter from Eleanor Roosevelt, 1938 (January 20)

Correspondence of Laura Puffer Morgan, 1936 - 1938
First Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1925 (January 18-24): General information
First Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1925 (January 18-24): Final Report
First Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1925 (January 18-24): Newsclippings
First Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1925 (January 18-24): Scrapbook of notes re: sessions and newsclippings (by ??)
Second Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1926 (December 5-10): General information
Second Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1926 (December 5-10): Final Report
Second Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1926 (December 5-10): Newsclippings

Box 2
Second Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1926 (December 5-10): Scrapbook of notes re: sessions and newsclippings (by ??)
Third Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1928 (January 15-19): General information
Third Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1928 (January 15-19): Final Report
Third Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1928 (January 15-19): Newsclippings
Third Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1928 (January 15-19): Scrapbook of notes re: sessions and newsclippings (by ??)
Fourth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1929 (January 14-17): General information
Fourth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1929 (January 14-17): Final Report
Fourth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1929 (January 14-17): Newsclippings
Fifth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1930 (January 14-17): General information
Fifth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1930 (January 14-17): Final Report
Fifth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1930 (January 14-17): Newsclippings
Sixth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1931 (January 19-22): General information
Sixth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1931 (January 19-22): Final Report
Sixth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1931 (January 19-22): Newsclippings
Seventh Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1932 (January 18-21): General information

Box 3
Seventh Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1932 (January 18-21): Final Report
Seventh Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1932 (January 18-21): Newsclippings
Eighth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1933 (January 17-20): General information
Eighth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1933 (January 17-20): Final Report
Eighth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1933 (January 17-20): Newsclippings
Ninth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1934 (January 16-19): General information and newsclippings
Tenth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1935 (January 22-25): General information
Eleventh Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1936 (January 21-24): General information and newsclippings; includes notes by Hannah Clothier Hull
Twelfth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1937 (January 26-29): General information and newsclippings
Thirteenth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1938 (January 18-21): General information and newsclippings
Fourteenth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1939 (January 21-25): General information and newsclippings
Fifteenth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1940 (January 22-25): General information and newsclippings
Sixteenth Conference on the Cause and Cure of War, 1941 [canceled]: Newsclipping "Cause and Cure of War Meeting Canceled Through Lack of Funds," New York Times, 1940 (November 10)
Conference material, undated
Conferences of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1928 - 1937

Box 4
Marathon Round Tables program, 1927-1939, undated
Periodical The Bulletin 1:1-3 1931 (December) - 1932 (December)
Papers of Dr. Emily Hickman on history of NCCCW and survey re: NCCCW
Chicago, Illinois chapter of the NCCCW, [notes, etc. by Helen Solomon Levy], 1934-1937 (Acc. 2012-021]




This file was last updated on March 26, 2012.