Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Harold Barton Collected Papers, 1944-1949 (bulk)

Collection: CDG-A


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: 610-328-8557 (curator)
Fax: 610-690-5728
Email: wchmiel@swarthmore.edu (curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Barton, Harold
Title
Harold Barton Collected Papers
Inclusive Dates
1944-1949 (bulk)
Call Number
CDGA

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
1 linear foot [papers only]
Abstract
In the early 1940s National Mental Health Foundation originated in 1944-1945 when Harold Barton and three associates, serving at Byberry State Hospital in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), announced plans for a national campaign to improve the conditions in mental hospitals. This, in part, stemmed from their own anger and frustration at the appalling treatment of patients they found at Byberry, where the lack of trained personnel (due to the war effort), severely limited the ability of care for patients according to hospital administrators' standards. Barton's diary notes and other material found in this collection provide important eyewitness accounts of the struggle to treat patients as humanely as possible. The exposure of these conditions through the efforts of men serviing in CPS, and their efforts to be a nonviolent presence in mental institutions, began a new movement in mental health care in the U.S. The National Mental Health Foundation still exists today as the National Mental Health Association.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None [except for photographs?]
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Lois Barton, Aug. 2006 [06A-042]
Processing Information
Processed by Anne M. Yoder, October 2006
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Harold Barton Papers, Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
See other Civilian Public Service collections for photographs and papers/records of efforts by CPSers in mental hospitals:
- Center on Conscience and War (DG 025; formerly NSBRO and NISBCO)
- Civilian Public Service: Personal Papers and Collected Material (DG 056)

There are two folders of National Mental Health Foundation correspondence (1946-1948), mostly with Harold Barton, in the ACLU archives at Princeton University, as well as other information about the NMHF. Click here for checklist.


Historical Background
This collection helps to document the growth of interest in mental health (or mental hygiene as it was called in the middle of the twentieth century), among men and women involved with Civilian Public Service in World War II. The seeds of the National Mental Health Foundation were planted in 1944-1945 when Harold Barton and three associates, serving at Byberry State Hospital in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), announced plans for a national campaign to improve the conditions in mental hospitals. This, in part, stemmed from their own anger and frustration at the appalling treatment of patients they found at Byberry, where the lack of trained personnel (due to the war effort), severely limited the ability of care for patients according to hospital administrators' standards. Barton's diary notes and other material found in this collection provide important eyewitness accounts of the struggle to treat patients as humanely as possible. The exposure of these conditions through the efforts of men serviing in CPS, and their efforts to be a nonviolent presence in mental institutions, began a new movement in mental health care in the U.S. The National Mental Health Foundation still exists today as the National Mental Health Association.

Collection Overview
The Harold Barton papers are divided into several sections: his papers regarding his service in CPS and work at Byberry State Hospital; his efforts to form and administer the Mental Hygiene Program of CPS; his involvement -- as a part of CPS and beyond -- with the National Mental Health Foundation; and, reference material about mental hospitals and treatment/care of patients. Photos of Barton and others, as well as photos of conditions at Byberry State Hospital, were removed to the Photograph Collection.





Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
Experiences of Hal Barton (and others) in Civilian Public Service
Service at Byberry State Hospital, Philadelphia (Pennsylvania): diary notes and other material re: conditions, work routines, etc.
Manuscripts by Hal [Harold] Barton re: experiences in CPS
Writings / comments / notes by Hal Barton
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service, 1944
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service: CPS Hospital Conferences, 1944
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service, 1945 (January-June)
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service, 1945 (July-December)
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service: booklet produced "CPS Attendant Handbook," 1945
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service, 1946
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service, 1947
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service, n.d.
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service: booklet produced "Handbook for Psychiatric Aides (No. 1) ," n.d.
Mental Health Program, Civilian Public Service: decisions re: records, 1951

Box 2
Involvement of Hal Barton (and others) in National Mental Health Association
NMHF: history
NMHF, 1945
NMHF, 1946
NMHF,
1947
NMHF, 1948
NMHF, 1949
NMHF, n.d.
NMHF: newsletters
Correspondence of Marvin Weisbord with Hal Barton and others in preparation for book, 1966 [and 1 letter, 1969]
Reference Material
Notes
Mental hospitals

Box 3 (1/2 box)
Reference Material (cont.)
National Mental Hygiene Program
Byberry State Hospital, Philadelphia (Pennsylvania): conditions
Mss. "Out of Sight, Out of Mind: The Story of Forgotten Thousands" by Frank L. Wright (p. 1-99)
Mss. "Out of Sight, Out of Mind: The Story of Forgotten Thousands" by Frank L. Wright (p. 100-224)
Typescript (copy) "Concerning the Least of These: The Story of Idiocy" by Grant M. Stoltzfus (CPS Unit #142)



This file was last updated on July 27, 2012.