Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College ~ Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081 ~ USA

Essays, Refutations, and Vindications Regarding
The Apology for the True Christian Divinity
by Robert Barclay

Ash, Edward. 1849. Reasons for Objecting to the Republication and Circulation of Barclay's Apology, Addressed to the Society of Friends. London : Samuel Bagster and Sons.

Bales, Dorlan C. 1980. Barclay's Apology in Context : The Quaker Understanding of Revelation in Seventeenth-Century England. Ph.D. thesis, University of Chicago Divinity School.

Barclay, Robert. 1679. Apology for the True Christian Divinity Vindicated from John Brown's Examination and Pretended Confutation Thereof, in His Book, Called Quakerisme the Path-Way to Paganisme : In Which Vindication I. B. His Many Gross Perversions and Abuses Are Discovered, and His Furious and Violent Railings and Revilings soberly rebuked by R.B.... Whereunto Is Added a Christian and Friendly Expostulation with Robert Macquare, Touching His Postscript to the Said Book of J. B. Written to Him by Lillias Skein and Delivered Some Moneths since at His House in Rotterdam. London: Benjamin Clerk.

Beaven, Thomas. 1726. Supernatural Influences Necessary to Salvation : Being a Vindication of the Fourth Proposition of Robert Barclay's Apology for the True Christian Divinity. In Answer to Thomas Chubb's Treatise, Entituled, an Examination of Mr. Barclay's Principles, with Regard to Man's Natural Ability since the Fall. London: Roberts.

________. 1726. Supernatural Influences Necessary to Salvation : Being a Vindication of the Fourth Proposition of Robert Barclay's Apology ... In Answer to Thomas Chubb's Treatise, Entituled, an Examination of Mr. Barclay's Principles, with Regard to Man's Natural Ability since the Fall. London: Printed and sold by the assigns of J. Sowle.

________. 1727. The Agency of God, and the Agency of Man, Co-Working, in the Salvation of Man : Being a Second Vindication of the Fourth Proposition of R. Barclay's Apology ... In Rejoynder to a Treatise of Thomas Chubb's, Entitled, Human Nature Vindicated. London: Printed and sold by the assigns of J. Sowle.

________. 1728. Scripture Evidence Defended, in Answer to Thomas Chubb's Tract, Intituled, Scripture Evidence Considered : Wherein the Truth of Christianity, and the Fourth Proposition of Robert Barclay's Apology, Are Maintained against Deism and Infidelity. Being a Review of the Controversy Betwixt Thomas Chubb and Thomas Beaven, Relating to the Aforesaid Proposition. London: Printed and sold by the assigns of J. Sowle.

Bellows, William Lamb. 1868. Barclay Vindicated : A Review of Robert Charleton's "Thoughts on Barclay's Apology". Manchester : [s.n.].

________. 1869. The Friends' Foundation Principle, Is It True, or Is It False? : An Enquiry Occasioned by Reading a Tract Entitled, "the Oppugners of Barclay, Are They Right, or Are They Wrong?" Gloucester: J. Bellows printer.

Bennet, Thomas. 1705. A Confutation of Quakerism : Or, a Plain Proof of the Falshood of What the Principal Quaker Writers (Especially Mr. R. Barclay in His Apology and Other Works) Do Teach Concerning the Necessity of Immediate Revelation. Cambridge [England]: Printed at the University-Press for Edmund Jeffery and James Knapton.

________. 1709. A Confutation of Quakerism; or a Plain Proof of the Falshood of What the Principal Quaker Writers (Especially Mr. R. Barclay in His Apology and Other Works) Do Teach Concerning the Necessity of Immediate Revelation in Order to a Saving Christian Faith. Cambridge [England] : Printed at the University Press for E. Jeffery ... and are to be sold by J. Knapton.

________. 1733. A Confutation of Quakerism : Or, a Plain Proof of the Falshood of What the Principal Quaker Writers (Especially Mr. R. Barclay in His Apology and Other Works) Do Teach Concerning the Necessity of Immediate Revelation. London: Printed by M. J. and sold by A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch.

Bennett, William and Edward Alexander. 1872. Barclay and His Assailants : Reprinted, With Additions, From the "British Friend" with a Supplementary Tract by the Late Edward Alexander. Glasgow: R. Smeal.

Brown, Henton. 1732. A Vindication of Robert Barclay's Apology for the Principles of the People Call'd Quakers : Against the Attempts of William Notcut, in a Late Pamphlet, Entituled, an Impartial Review of Robert Barclay's Pretended Apology, in a Letter to a Friend at Ipswich. London: J. Sowle.

Brown, Henton and Joseph Besse. 1735. An Examination of William Notcutt's Reply to H. B's Vindication of R. Barclay's Apology : Wherein the Deceit of the Said W. N. Is Farther Manifested; His Many Abuses of the People Call'd Quakers Detected; and the Genuine Sense of Their Writers Asserted; against His Gross and Palpable Perversions of Them. London: Printed and sold by the assigns of J. Sowle.

Brown, John, R. M. C, and Jonathan Edwards. 1678. Quakerisme the Path-Way to Paganisme : Or, a View of the Quakers Religion; Being an Examination of the Theses and Apologie of Robert Barclay, One of Their Number, Published Lately in Latine, to Discover to the World, What That Is, Which They Hold and Owne for the Only True Christian Religion. Edinburgh: Printed for John Cairns.

Bugg, Francis. 1700. A Modest Defence of My Book, Entituled, Quakerism Expos'd : As Also, of My Broad Sheet; with a Scheme of the Quakers Yearly Synod; and Other Books, Presented Anno 1699. To the Parliament, and G. Whitehead's inside Turn'd Outward by Reprinting His ... Ishmael, & C. London: Printed for R. Janeway jun. for the author; and sold by J. Robinson.

________. 1701. A Seasonable Caveat against the Prevalency of Quakerism : Containing a List of One of Their Parliaments, and Forty-Four of Their Canon Laws. As Also Their Errors in Doctrine, and Politicks in Government, and the Methods They Take to Support Both; Likewise Geo. Whitehead's Mournful Letter of Condolance, Mr. Crisp's Letter of Reproof to Ann Docwra, and G. Fox's Last Will and Testament. Together with an Expostulatory Conclusion, Reflecting on the Quakers Petition, by Their Witnessing against Parliaments, & C. A Hint Also of Their Arbitrary Government in Pensilvania, and a Touch-Stone for Robert Barclay's Apology. London: Printed for the author and sold by J. Robinson; [etc. etc.].

Bugg, Francis and Benjamin Loveling. 1703. Quakerism Drooping, and Its Cause Sinking: Clearly Manifested from Divers Conferences, and Other Proceedings with the Quakers, at Banbury, Sleeford, Colchester, and Mildenhall ... : Also, a Reply to the Quakers Apology, Why They Refused to Meet Francis Bugg the 21st of September 1702, to Defend Themselves from His Charge. By Ben. Loveling. London: Printed for the author and sold by C. Brome J. Taylor and R. Wilkins.

Bugg, Francis and Henry Pickworth. 1702. A Narrative of the Conference at Sleeford in Lincolnshire, between Francis Bugg and Henry Pickworth, August 25, 1701 : Wherein, Not Only the Contradiction of the Quakers to the Holy Scriptures .... But Their Great Inconsistency One with Another; and Particularly, between Fox, Whitehead, Penn, &C. And ... Robert Barcley, in His Apology, Is Chiefly Manifested and Detected. London: Printed for the author and sold by John Tayler and R. Wilkins.

Charleton, Robert. 1868. Thoughts on Barclay's Apology : Addressed to the Society of Friends : And Especially to the Members of the Meeting for Sufferings. Bristol [England] : Ackland & Son.

Chubb, Thomas. Human Nature Vindicated, or, a Reply to Mr. Beaven's Book Entitled, Supernatural Influences Necessary to Salvation : Being a Vindication of the Fourth Proposition of Robert Barclay's Apology : Wherein Is Shewn, That Man, in His Natural Capacity, Is a Moral Agent : That He Has Power, and Is at Liberty to Do Both Good and Evil : And, Consequently, Can Render Himself Either Acceptable or Displeasing to His Maker : In a Second Letter to a Friend : Humbly Offered to the Consideration of the People Called Quakers. London: Printed by J. Darby and T. Browne ; and sold by J. Noon.

Creasey, Maurice A. 1951. The Theology of Robert Barclay With Special Reference to His Apology. Bachelor of Divinity dissertation, University of Leeds.

Dove, John. 1756. An Essay on Inspiration : Or, an Attempt to Shew That the Pretences of the Ancient and the Modern Zamzummim, to That Ray of Divinity, Were, and Are, Deceptions. Wherein the Fundamental Principles of Barclay, in His Apology for the Quakers, Are Refuted; the Necessity of an External Revelation Proved, and the Fiction of an Internal One Exploded. With a Hue and Cry after the Enthusiast; His Person Described; and His Frenzies Delineated. London: Printed for the author; and sold by E. Withers R. Baldwin and G. Keith 1756.

Eeg-Olofsson, Leif and C. Montagu Evans. 1954. The Conception of the Inner Light in Robert Barclay's Theology : A Study in Quakerism. Lund [Sweden] : C. W. K. Gleerup.

Eliot, John. 1835. "Extracts Elucidatory of Some Passages in Barclay's Apology," The Yorkshireman, 3 (1835), p. 4-15.

Elys, Edmund. 1693. Vindiciæ Quorundam Roberti Barclaii Noematum, Contra Aliquas Argumentationes in eo Libro, cui Titulus est Antibarclaius [by L. Anton Reiser]: ubi Reperitur Elucidatio Veritatis, de Immediata & Interna Revelatione, de Scripturis, de Universali Redemptione ... A Vindication of some Sentiments of Robert Barclay, etc. [The translator's preface signed: S. P.] [London] : Printed for T. N.

Figk, Benedict. 1679. Doctrina Fanaticorum, oder eine vollkommene Relation und Wissenschafft, von der neuen Qua¨cker eigentlichen Lehr und Opinion ... zur Defension eines Englischen Buches ... der alte Anabaptist un~ Neue Qua¨cker geheissen und wider ... R. Barclajum, W. Caton, und ... andere, insonderheit auch P. Hendrichs und G. Foxen, gerichtet. Dem zur Zugabe etwas mit beygefu¨get ist von W. Shewen ... Buch, eines wahren Christen Glaube und Erfahrenheit geheissen. Dantzig [Germany] : [s.n.].

Forster, Josiah. 1740. The People Called Quakers Defended and the Baptists Confuted : Being a Reply to Job Burt's Pretended Answer to R. B.'S 12th Proposition, and to a Book Intituled, a Vindication of the Doctrine of Baptism, and &C. London: T. S. Raylton and L. Hinde.

Gittins, Daniel. 1758. Remarks on the Tenets and Principles of the Quakers, as Contained in the Theses Theologicæ of Robert Barclay. London: J. Bettenham and sold by E. Withers.

Graham, John (of Sunderland). 1745. Simon Pure Unmask'd: or, the Errors of Quakerism display'd. A dialogue ... Wherein will be pointed out several ... Errors ... of ... R. Barclay, in his Apology, etc. Newcastle [England]: [s.n.].

Green, Matthew. 1735. Copy of Verses Wrote by a Gentleman Lately Deceased, Occasion'd by His Reading Robert Barclay's Apology. London : [s.n.].

________. [n.d.] A Copy of Verses Wrote by a Gentleman, Lately Deceased, Occasion'd by His Reading Robert Barclay's Apology. Philadelphia,: Re-printed by B. Franklin.

Helton, John. 1778. Reasons for Quitting the Methodist Society : Being a Defence of Barclay's Apology. In Answer to a Printed Letter to a Person Joined with the People Called Quakers. In a Letter to a Friend. London: Printed by J. Fry.

________. 1779. Reasons for Quitting the Methodist Society : Being a Defence of Barclay's Apology, in Answer to a Printed Letter to a Person Joined with the People Called Quakers. In a Letter to a Friend. Dublin: Printed by R. Jackson.

________. 1784. Reasons for Quitting the Methodist Society : Being a Defence of Barclay's Apology. In Answer to a Printed Letter to a Person Joined with the People Called Quakers. In a Letter to a Friend. [Philadelphia]: Dublin: printed. Philadelphia: re-printed by Joseph Crukshank in Market-street between Second and Third-streets.

Holtzhausen, Johann Christoph. 1691. Teutscher Anti-Barclajus : das ist: Aussführliche Untersuchung Der Ganzen Q*Uäckereij Und Apologiä Roberti Barclay, Darinn Dessen Höchstgefährliche Irrthümer, Schändliche Sophisterey ... Auffgedecket Und Widerleget ... Sampt Einem Kurtzen Anhang Einiger Anmerckungen Uber Jacob Böhmens Schrifften Sonderlich Seine So Genandte Auroram. Franckfurt am Mayn: In Verlegung Johann David Zunners Druckts Johann Dieterich Friedgen.

Irwin, William. 1868. A Refutation of William Tallack's Remarks on Barclay's Apology and the Manchester Schism as Contained in His Book Entitled, "George Fox, the Friends, and the Early Baptists." Manchester: W. Irwin

________. 1868. A Letter of Remonstrance to Robert Charleton, with Reference to His "Thought's on Barclay's Apology. [Manchester : unpublished].

James, Joseph. 1787. Proposals, for Printing, by Subscription, in a Neat Octavo Volume, to Contain near Six Hundred Pages ... An American Edition of Barclay's Apology, for the True Christian Divinity, as Held by the People Called Quakers. [Philadelphia: Printed by Joseph James].

Keith, George. 1683. Ad J. G. Bajeri ... dissertationem primam contra Quakeros et præcipue contra R: Barclajum in Thesibus suis Theologicis et Apologia, de principio veræ ... cognitionis divinæ, an principium illud, in Revelationibus et inspirationibus internis et immediatis quærendum, aut constituendum sit, Amica Responsio, etc. Amstelodami : J. Claus.

________. 1702. The Standard of the Quakers Examined or an Answer to the Apology of Robert Barclay. London,: Printed for B. Aylmer at the Three Pidgeons in Cornhill and C. Brome at the Gund at the West-End of St. Paul's.

Lindley, Benjamin. 1710. The Necessity of Immediate Revelation, Towards the Foundation and Ground of True Faith, Proved; and the Gospel, Its True Ministers, and Their Christian Writings, Especially R. Barclay's “Apology, &c.” Vindicated: in an answer to ... J. Bennet ... in his ... “Confutation of Quakerism". London [J. Sowle].

Lean, William. 1868. A Letter to Robert Charleton : Occasioned by His "Thoughts on Barclay's Apology". [Edgbaston, England : s.n.]

Loeber, Christoph Heinrich.1685. Schrifftma¨ssige Vorstellung des Quaker-Irrlichtes, darinn so wohl eines ungenannten Quakers einfa¨ltige und eilfertige Anmerckungen, u¨ber die Entdeckung des Quaker-Greuels, &c. als auch des Vornehmsten so in R. Barclaji ... Apologia zu dero Besta¨rckung enthalten ... gru¨ndlich beantwortet, etc. Jena :[s.n.].

Newman, Edward. 1849. A Few Words in Reply to 'Reasons for Objecting to the Republication and Circulation of Barclay's Apology.' [London: E. Newman].

Newton, Samuel. 1767. A Letter to the Author of a Letter to Dr Formey, in which some of the prevailing sentiments of ... Quakers, as they stand in Mr R. Barclay's Apology, and as they are touched upon in that Letter, are ... discussed, etc. [By Philalethes, i.e. Samuel Newton.] Norwich [England] : [s.n.].

________. 1771. The Leading Sentiments of the People Called Quakers Examined, As They Are Stated in Mr. Robert Burclay's Apology : With an Answer to What Mr. Phipps Has Advanced for the Defence of Them, in His Observations Upon an Epistle to the Author of a Letter to Dr. Formey. London: Printed by S. Burchall for E. and C. Dilly.

Nicholson, Thomas. 1757. An Answer to the Layman's Treatise on Baptism in Which the Author Is Pleased to Say, That the Quaker Doctrine of Water Baptism Is Considered, Their Objections Answered, and the Doctrine of the Church of England, Upon That Important Point, Stated and Vindicated. Williamsburg Va.: Printed by William Hunter.

Notcutt, William. 1732. An Impartial Review of R. Barclay's Pretended Apology for the Principles of the Quakers. Ipswich [England] : [s.n.].

________. 1733. A Reply to H. B.'s Vindication of Robert Barclay's Apology, &C. Ipswich: Printed by John Bagnall.

Perronet, Vincent. 1747. An Affectionate Address to the People Called Quakers : With Regard to Water-Baptism and Lord's Supper : Wherein the Arguments of the Late Learned Mr. Robert Barclay, Are Considered. London: Printed for B. Dod.

Phipps, Joseph. 1767. Observations on a Late Anonymous Publication, Intituled, a Letter to the Author of a Letter to Dr. Forney, &C. In Vindication of Robert Barclay, and the Principles of the People Called Quakers. London: Printed and sold by Mary Hinde.

Reiser, L. Ant.1683. Anti-Barclaius : id est, Examen Apologi*a*E, Quam Non Ita Pridem Robertus Barclaius ... Pro Theologia Verè Christiana Edidit. Rebenlinianis [Germany] : Gothofredi Schultzii.

Sharp, Granville. 1807. A Letter in Answer to Some of the Leading Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. London: Printed by R. Edwards.

Shirreff, Alexander, Paul Gellie, and John Leslie. 1675. Quakerism Canvassed : Robin Barclay Baffled in the Defending of His Theses Against Young Students of Aberdene. [London? : s.n.].

Thornley, John. 1742. An Essay : Or Examination of the Doctrine of Robert Barclay's Apology; Containing, a Large Number of Discourses and Arguments, with Proofs Abstracted from the Holy Scripture, Concerning the Most Particular Points and Tenets of the Christian Doctrine Controverted between Protestants and Quakers, Mentioned in That Apology. London: Printed by T. Gardner for E. Wither.

Warne, Jonathan. 1739. The Babel of Quakerism Thrown Down : Or the Errors and Inconsistencies of Robert Barclay's Apology for the Quakers, Discover'd and Confuted. In a Letter to Dr. Routh, a Principal Teacher among That People, Meeting in Southwark, London. London: printed and sold by T. Cooper at the Globe in Pater-noster-Row.