Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College ~ Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081 ~ USA

Editions of The Apology for the True Christian Divinity
by Robert Barclay
from 1676 through 2002

References to "Smith" at the end of some entries refer to Joseph Smith's A Descriptive Catalogue of Friends' Books, or Books Written By Members of the Society of Friends, Commonly Called Quakers, From Their First Rise to the Present Time, Interspersed with Critical Remarks and ... Biographical Notices (London : J. Smith, 1867).

________. 1676. Roberti Barclaii Theologiae Verè Christianae Apologia. Typis Excusa, M.DC.LXXVI. Pro Jacob Claus, Bibliopola, Habitante Amstelodami. Veneunt Praetera, Londini, Apud Benjamin Clark, Roterodami, Apud Isaacum Naeranum, Francofurti, Apud Henricum Betkium. Page preceding title page: Theologiae Verè Christianae Apologia, Carolo Secundo, Magnae Britanniae, &c. Regi, a Roberto Barclaio, Scoto-Britanno, oblata. [This is the original edition of Barclay's Apology as first published in Latin--Smith, Vol. 1, p. 182].

________. 1678. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth and Preached by the People Called, in Scorn, Quakers Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scriptur and Right Reason, and the Testimonys of Famous Authors, Both Antient and Modern, with a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made Against Them : Presented to the King. Written and published in Latine, for the information of Strangers, by Robert Barclay, and now put into our own language, for the benefit of his countrey-men. [Aberdeen?]: [s.n.. John Forbes?] [Smith, Vol. I, p. 179-180].

________. 1678. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached by the People, Called, in Scorn, Quakers, Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimony of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern, with a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made Against Them, Presented to the King. Written and Published in Latine, for the Information of Strangers, by Robert Barclay, and now put into our own language, for the benefit of his countrey-men. [London?: s.n.]. ["The 2nd edition [in English], though not stated so"--Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180].

________. 1678. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached by the People, Called, in Scorn, Quakers, Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimony of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern, with a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them, Presented to the King. [London?: s.n.]. [The 3rd edition -- Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180]

________. 1683. Verantwoording Van De Ware Christlijke Godgeleertheit. Amsterdam: Voor Jacob Claus. Translated into Low Dutch by J.H. Glazemaker.

________. 1684. Eine Apologie oder Verthei-di-gungs, Schrifft der Kecht Christlichen Gotts-Gelahrtheit. [In German; publisher unknown]. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 183].

________. 1701. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached by the People, Called in Scorn, Qvakers : Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern: With a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them. Presented to the King. London: Printed and sold by T. Sowle in White-Hart-Court in Gracious-Street.. [The 4th edition -- Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180]

________. 1702. Apologie de la Véritable Théologie Chrétienne, Ainsi Qu'elle est Soutenue, & Prêchée, Par le Peuple, Appellé Par Mépris, les Trembleurs : Qui Est Une Ample Explication, & Une Défense de Leur Principes et de Leur Doctrines, Par Plusieurs Argumens, Tirez de L'ecriture, & de la Droite Raison, & des Témoignages des Fameux Autheurs, Tant Anciens Que Modernes: Avec Une Ample Réponse Aux Plus Fortes Objections Qui Leur Sont Faites Communement. Londres: Imprimé & se Vend par T. Sowle. [Smith, Vol. I, p. 183].

________. 1703. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached, by the People, Called in Scorn, Qvakers : Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern: With a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made Against Them. Presented to the King. London: Printed and sold by T. Sowle."The 5th ed. in English." [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180].

________. 1710. Apologia De La Verdadera Theologia Christiana, Como Ella Es Professada, Y Predicada, Por El Pueblo, Llamado En Menosprecio Los Tembladores : Que Es Una Cumplida Explanacion Y Vindicacion De Sus Principios Y Doctrinas, Por Muchos Argumentos Deducidos De Las Santas Escrituras, Y Recta Razon, Y De Los Testimonios De Authores Famosos, Antiguos Y Modernos: Con Una Respuesta Cumplida, À Las Mas Fuertes Objecciones Hechas Communmente Contra Ellos. Londres: Impresso y vendido por J. Sowle. Translated into Castilian by Antonio de Alvarado. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 183].

________. 1729. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached, by the People, Called in Scorn, Quakers : Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern: With a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them. Presented to the King. Newport, Rhode Island: Printed by James Franklin. "The 6th ed. in English." [Smith quotes the Introduction to the 1827 edition as citing a 1728 [ i.e., 1729?] edition published under the sanction of the Yearly Meeting of Friends in New England, and reprinted in 1774. Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1729. Roberti Barclaii Theologiæ Verè Christianæ Apologia. Londini: Apud assignatos J. Sowle. Editio secunda, priore emendatior. [The second edition in Latin]. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 182].

________. 1736. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached, by the People Called, in Scorn, Quakers: Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern: With a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them. Presented to the King. London,: Printed and sold by T. S. Raylton and L. Hinde. "The 6th ed., in English."--. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180].

________. 1737. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached, by the People Called, in Scorn, Quakers : Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern: With a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them. Dublin: Printed and sold by Mary Fuller. "The 7th ed. in English." [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1738. Forsvar for Den Sande Christelige Theologi, Som Den Kundgiôris Og Praedikis Af Det Folk, Som, Af Foragt, Kaldis Quaekere ... : Skreven Paa Latin Og Engelsk. London: T. Sowle Raylton. [Translated into Danish by Christopher Meidel -- Smith, Vol. I, p. 184].

________. 1740. Apologie Oder Vertheidigungs-Schrifft Der Wahren Christlichen-Gottesgelahrheit ... : Nach Der Zweyten Lateinischen Und Sechsten Englischen Herausgebung Gantz Von Neuen Ins Deutsche Übersetzt. [In German; publisher unknown] [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 183].

________. 1757. Verantwoording Van De Ware Christelyke Godgeleertheid, Gelyk Dezelve Voorgedragen En Gepredikt Word Van Het Volk, Spotsgewyze Quakers Genaamd. Amsteldam: A. Waldorp. 2nd edition.[Smith, Vol. 1, p. 182. The first Dutch edition was published in 1683.]

________.1765. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached, by the People Called, in Scorn, Quakers: Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern: With a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them. Presented to the King. London: Printed by W. Richardson and S. Clark. [The seventh edition --Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180]. In this edition is first omitted a sentence, page 340, respecting the imposition of tithes.

________. 1765. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Birmingham [England]: Printed by John Baskerville. [The 8th edition -- Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180].

________. 1774. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth, and Preached, by the People, Called in Scorn, Quakers : Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments, Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern: With a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made Against Them. Presented to the King. Newport, Rhode Island: Printed by James Franklin. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1775. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Joseph Crukshank in Market-Street between Second and Third Streets. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1776. Robert Barclays Apologie Oder Vertheidigungs-Schrift Der Wahren Christlichen Gottesgelahrheit Wie Solche Unter Dem Volk, So Man Aus Spott Quaker, Das Ist, Zitterer Nennet, Vorgetragen Und Gelehret Wird. : Oder Völlige Erklärung Und Rettung Ihrer Grundsätze Und Lehren, Durch Viele Aus Der Heil. Schrift, Der Gesunden Vernunft, Und Den Zeugnissen So Wohl Alter Als Neuer Berühmten Scribenten Gezogene Beweissthümer. : Nebst Einer Gründlichen Beantwortung Der Stärksten Einwürffe, So Gemeiniglich Wider Sie Gebraucht Werden. Germantown [Pa.]: Gedruckt bey Christoph Saur dem Jüngern. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 183]

________. 1780. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity. London: Printed by J. Phillips George-Yard Lombard-Street. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180].

_______. 1780. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Dublin: Printed for L. Flin. [The 8th edition -- Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1780. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Joseph Crukshank in Market-Street between Second and Third Streets. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1789. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: Printed by Joseph James in Chesnut Street. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1797. Apologie de la Vraie Théologie Chrétienne : Contenant L'explication et la Défense des Principes et de la Doctrine de la Société Dite des Quakers Ecrite en Latin en Anglois. London: Jaques Phillips et fils. ["The second and best French edition of Barclay's Apology" -- Smith, Vol. 1, p. 183].

________. 1800. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Dublin: Printed by Robert Napper for John Gough. "The ninth edition in English." [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1805. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Kimber Conrad & Co. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1822. Barclay's Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as Professed by the People Called Quakers. London: Harvey and Darton.

________. 1825. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. London : Printed for Thomas Tegg; Dublin : R.M. Tims; Glasgow : R. Griffin. Printed by C. and C. Whittingham, College-house, Chiswick. "Ninth edition." [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1826. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. New-York: Printed by S. Wood and Sons for the Trustees of Obadiah Brown's Benevolent Fund. "The first stereotype edition, from the eighth London edition."

________. 1827. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. New York: Printed by Samuel Wood and Sons for the Trustees of Obadiah Brown's Benevolent Fund. "First stereotype edition, from the eighth London edition." [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1832. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. New-York: S. Wood and Sons for the Trustees of Obadiah Brown's Benevolent Fund. "The third stereotype edition, from the eighth London edition."

________. 1840. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Providence [Rhode Island] : Printed by Knowles and Vose for the Trustees of Obadiah Brown's Benevolent Fund. "The first stereotype edition, from the eighth London edition."

________ . 1841. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. London : Harvey and Darton. "Tenth edition." [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180].

________. 1843. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Providence [Rhode Island] : Knowles and Vose. "The first stereotype edition, from the eighth London edition."

________. 1847. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Providence [Rhode Island] : Printed by Knowles and Vose for the Trustees of Obadiah Brown's Benevolent Fund.

________. 1848. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers, Written in Latin and English. Philadelphia,: For sale at Friends' Book-Store.

________. 1848. Forsvarsskrift for Den Sande Christelige Theologi : Inholdende Fuldstaendig Udvikling Af Samt Forsvar for De Grundfaetninger Og Laerdomme, Der Hyldes Og Følges Af Det Folk, Som Kaldes Kuaekere. Stavanger [Norway] : P. T. Dreyer.

________. 1849. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. London : E. Marsh.. [The 11th edition -- Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180].

________. 1850. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth and Preached by the People Called, in Scorn, Quakers : Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern; with a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them. Manchester [England] : W. Irwin. [The 12th edition -- Smith, Vol. 1, p. 180]

________. 1850. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: Friends' Book-Store.

________. 1855. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers, Written in Latin and English. Philadelphia: For sale at Friends' Book-Store. [Smith, Vol. 1, p. 181].

________. 1856. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Providence [Rhode Island] : A. Knowles. "The 1st stereotype ed., from the 8th London edition"

________. 1857. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: For sale at Friends' Book-Store.

________. 1859. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: For sale at Friends' book-store.

________. 1867. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: For sale at Friends' Book-store.

________. 1869. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth and Preached by the People, in Scorn, Called Quakers : Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern; with a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them. Manchester [England] : W. Irwin.

________. 1869. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: For sale at Friends' book-store.

_______. 1877. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers : Written in Latin and English. Philadelphia: Friends' Book Store.

________. 1881. Forsvarsskrift for Den Sande Kristelige Theologie : Indeholdende Fuldstaendig Udvikling Af Samt Forsvar for De Grundfaetninger Og Laerdomme, Der Hyldes Og Følges Af De Folk, Som Kaldes Kuaekere. Stavanger [Norway] : P. T. Dreyer.

________. 1886. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, as the Same Is Held Forth and Preached by the People, in Scorn, Called Quakers : Being a Full Explanation and Vindication of Their Principles and Doctrines, by Many Arguments Deduced from Scripture and Right Reason, and the Testimonies of Famous Authors, Both Ancient and Modern; with a Full Answer to the Strongest Objections Usually Made against Them. Glasgow: R. B. Murdoch.

________. 1891. Apology [in Arabic]. Beirut : Newspaper Press. Translated by Elias Tabet.

________. 1906. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity : Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia: Friends' Book Store.

________. 1908. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, Being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia,: Friends' Book Store.

________. 1924. Apology [in Arabic]. Beyrout: A. Kalni.

________. 1967. Barclay's Apology in Modern English. [Alburtis, Pa.: Hemlock Press ; distributed by Friends Book Store Philadelphia.
Barclay's words put into modern English by Dean Freiday.

________. 1967. Barclay's Apology in Modern English. [Elberon, N.J.: s.n.].
Barclay's words put into modern English by Dean Freiday.

________. 1980. Barclay's Apology in Modern English. Philadelphia, Pa.: Distributed by Friends Book Store.
Barclay's words put into modern English by Dean Freiday

________. 1993. La Luminère Intérieur Source de Vie : Apologie de la Vraie Théologie Chrétienne Telle Qu'elle est Professée et Prêchée Par Ce Peuple Appelé Par Mépris les Quakers. Paris: Ed. Dervy. Translated by Geogres Liens

________. 19--. Apologie [Marseille, France : unpublished]. Introduction, translation into French, notes and appendices by Georges Liens.

________. 2002. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity. Glenside, PA (16 Huber St., Glenside PA 19038): Quaker Heritage Press.
A new edition of Barclay's Apology based on the earliest English language edition, which is believed to have been published in Aberdeen, Scotland in 1678. It was first issued in Latin in 1676.Appendix: "An Examination of a book entited 'Barclay's Apology in Modern English,' edited by Dean Freiday" by Larry Kuenning. Also available at http://www.qhpress.org/texts/barclay/apology/

________. [undated]. Robert Barclays Apologie Oder Vertheidigungs-Schrifft : Der Wahren Christlichen Gottesgelahrheit. Wie Solche Unter Dem Volk, So Man Aus Spott Quaker ... Nennet, Vorgetragen Und Gelehret Wird. [S.l.: s.n., n.d.].

 

The Apology for the True Christian Divinity as collected in Truth Triumphant:

________. 1692. Truth Triumphant Through the Spiritual Warfare, Christian Labours and Writings of That Able and Faithful Servant of Jesus Christ, Robert Barclay. London: Printed for T. Northcott.

________. 1718. Truth Triumphant, Through the Spiritual Warfare : Christian Labours and Writings of That Able and Faithful Servant of Jesus Christ, Robert Barclay. London: Re-printed and sold by the assigns of J. Sowle.

________. 1831. Truth Triumphant, Through the Spiritual Warfare, Christian Labours, and Writings, of That Able and Faithful Servant of Jesus Christ, Robert Barclay. To Which Is Prefixed, an Account of His Life and Writings. New-York: Republished by B. C. Stanton. Printed at the office of the Medicochirurgical Review.

_______. 1831. Truth Triumphant, Through the Spiritual Warfare : Christian Labours, and Writings, of That Able and Faithful Servant of Barclay, Robert, Samuel James Gummere, William Penn, George Keith, George Fox, Thomas Wistar, and John Gummere. 1831. Truth Triumphant, through the Spiritual Warfare, Christian Labours and Writings, of That Able and Faithful Servant of Jesus Christ, Robert Barclay. To Which Is Prefixed, an Account of His Life. Philadelphia: B. C. Stanton.