Sitting in Darkness:  New South Fiction, Education,

And the Rise of Jim Crow Colonialism, 1865-1920

by Peter Schmidt

Complete Bibliography for Sitting in Darkness

Supplementing the print edition bibliography

 

Adams, Henry.  The Education of Henry Adams; an Autobiography.  Boston, New York:  Houghton Mifflin, 1918.

Alderman, Edwin Anderson, Joel Chandler Harris, and Charles William Kent, eds.  Library of Southern Literature.Compiled Under the Direct Supervision of Southern Men of Letters.  Seventeen volumes plus a one-volume supplement.  New Orleans and Atlanta: Martin and Hoyt, 1907-1923.

Alderman, Edwin Anderson.  “Introduction.”  Library of Southern Literature.Compiled Under the Direct Supervision of Southern Men of Letters.  Ed. Edwin Anderson Alderman, Joel Chandler Harris, and Charles William Kent.  New Orleans and Atlanta: Martin and Hoyt, 1907-1923.  Volume One.  xix-xxii.

Alderman, Edwin Anderson.  “Sectionalism and Nationality.”  Southern Prose and Poetry for Schools. Ed Edwin Mims and Bruce Payne.  New York: Scribners, 1910.  388-400.

Alidio, Kimberly A.  “’When I Get Home, I Want to Forget’: Memory and Amnesia in the Occupied Philippines, 1901-1904.”  Social Text 59 (Summer 1999):  105-22.

Allen, James. ed.  Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photographs in America.  New York: Twin Palms, 2000.

Allen, Theodore W.  The Invention of the White Race.  New York: Verso, 1994.

Alvord, John W.  Inspector’s Report of Schools and Finances.  U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freemen and Abandoned Lands.  Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1866.

Amerasia Journal 24 (Winter 1998).  Special Issue: Essays into American Empire in the Philippines.

The American Experience: Reconstruction.  PBS documentary and website.  2004.  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/

American Tract Society.  Freedmen’s Third Reader.  1866.  Rpt. New York:  AMS P, 1980.

Ammons, Elizabeth.  Conflicting Stories: American Women Writers at the Turn into the Twentieth Century.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1992.

Anderson, James D.  The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935.  Chapel Hill:  U of North Carolina P, 1988.

Anonymous.   “On Negro Schools.”  Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 49 (September, 1874): 457-68.  Illustrations by Porte Crayon.

Anonymous.  [William Howard Taft, Charles Denby, John R. MacArthur, Daniel R. Williams, et al.]  Report of the Philippine Commission to the President.  Volume One.  Washington: Government Printing Office, 1900. 

Appadurai, Arjun.  Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization.  Minneapolis:  U of Minnesota P, 1996.

Armstrong, Samuel C.  “Lessons from the Hawaiian Islands.”  Journal of Christian Philosophy III (1884):  200-29.

Arnold, Matthew.  Culture and Anarchy.  1869.  Rpt. Ed. Samuel Lipman.  New Haven:  Yale UP, 1994.

Ayers, Edward L.  “Portraying Power.”  Jumpin’ Jim Crow: Southern Politics from Civil War to Civil Rights.  Ed. Jane Dailey, Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore, and Bryant Simon.  Princeton:  Princeton UP, 2000.  301-03.

Ayers, Edward L.  The Promise of the New South: Life After Reconstruction.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1992.

Baker, Houston A., Jr.  Turning South Again:  Re-Thinking Modernism, Re-reading Booker T.  Durham:  Duke UP, 2001.

Baker, Houston A., Jr.  Blues, Ideology, and Afro-American Literature: A Vernacular Theory.  Chicago:  U of Chicago P, 1984.

Baldwin, James.  Going To Meet the Man.  New York:  Dell, 1966.

Baskerville, William Malone.  Southern Writers: Biographical and Critical Studies.  Two volumes.  Nashville and Dallas:  Publishing House of the M.E. Church South, 1903.

Baym, Nina.  Woman’s Fiction: A Guide to Novels By and About Women in America, 1820-1870.  Ithaca:  Cornell UP, 1978.

Beale, Howard K.  Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise of America to World Power.  Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins UP, 1956.

Bean, Annemarie, James V. Hatch, and Brooks McNamara, eds.  Inside the Minstrel Mask: Readings in Nineteenth-Century Blackface Minstrelsy.  Hanover, NH: UP of New England [for] Wesleyan UP, 1996. 

Becker, George J.  “Albion W. Tourgée: Pioneer in Social Criticism.”  American Literature 19 (March 1947): 59-72.

Bederman, Gail.  Manliness and Civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race in the United States, 1880-1917.  Chicago:  U of Chicago P, 1995.

Bell, Bernard W.  The Afro-American Novel and Its Tradition.  Amherst:  U of Massachusetts P, 1987.

Bennis, Warren, and Hallam Movius.  “Why Harvard Is So Hard to Lead.”  Chronicle of Higher Education.  March 17, 2006.  B20.

Bentley, George R.  A History of the Freedmen’s Bureau.  1955.  Rpt. New York: Octagon, 1974.

Bercovitch, Sacvan.  The Puritan Origins of the American Self.  New Haven:  Yale UP, 1975.

Bernardi, Daniel.  “The Voice of Whiteness:  D. W. Griffith’s Biograph Films.”  The Birth of Whiteness:  Race and the Emergence of U.S. Cinema.  Daniel Bernardi, ed.  New Brunswick:  Rutgers UP, 1996.  103-28.

Blight, David W.  Race and Reunion:  The Civil War in American Memory.  Cambridge:  Harvard UP, 2001. 

Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich. The Anthropological Treatises of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach …  Trans. Thomas Bendyshe.  London:   Published for the Anthropological Society, by Longman et al, 1865.

Boas, Franz.  Changes in Bodily Form of Descendents of Immigrants.  New York:  Columbia UP, 1912.

Boeckmann, Cathy.  A Question of Character:  Scientific Racism and the Genres of American Fiction, 1892-1912.  Tuscaloosa:  U of Alabama P, 2000.

Bone, Robert.  Down Home:  Origins of the Afro-American Short Story.  1975.  Rpt. New York: Columbia UP, 1988.

Bramen, Carrie Tirado.  The Uses of Variety: Modern Americanism and the Quest for National Distinctiveness.  Cambridge:  Harvard UP, 2000.

Brevard, Caroline Mays.  Literature of the South.  New York:  Broadway P, 1908. 

Brodhead, Richard H.  “Introduction.”  The Journals of Charles W. Chesnutt.  Ed. Richard H. Brodhead.  Durham:  Duke UP, 1993.  1-28.

Brooks, Cleanth.  “Southern Literature: The Past, History, and the Timeless.” Southern Literature in Transition: Heritage and Promise.  Ed. Philip Castille and William Osborne.  Memphis:  Memphis State UP, 1983.  3-16.

Brooks, Van Wyck.  The Confident Years:  1885-1915.  New York:  E. P. Dutton, 1952.

Brown, Richard D.  The Strength of a People: The Idea of an Informed Citizenry in America, 1650-1870.  Chapel Hill:  U of North Carolina P, 1996.

Brown, Sterling.  The Negro in American Fiction.  1937.  Rpt. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat P, 1968. 

Brown, William Wells.  Clotel or, The President’s Daughter.  1853.  Rpt.  Three Classic African American Novels.  Ed. William L. Andrews.  New York: Mentor/Penguin, 1990.  71-283.

Bruce, Dickson D., Jr.  “George Marion McClellan.”  Dictionary of Literary Biography.  Vol. 50:  Afro-American Writers Before the Harlem Renaissance.  Ed. Trudier Harris and Thadious M. Davis.  Detroit: Gale, 1986.  206-12.

Bruce, Dickson D., Jr.  Black American Writing from the Nadir: The Evolution of a Literary Tradition, 1877-1915.  Baton Rouge:  LSU P, 1989.

Bruce, Philip Alexander.  The Plantation Negro as Freeman; Observations on his character, conditions, and prospects in Virginia.  New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1889.

Bureau of Insular Affairs.  What Has Been Done in the Philippines.  A Record of Practical Accomplishments Under the Civil Government…  Washington, D.C.:  Government Printing Office, 1904.  American Memory Project.  http://memory.loc.gov.  Digital ID: (h) lcrbmrp t2420.

Burgess, John W.  Reconstruction and the Constitution, 1866-1876.  New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1902.

Burgess, John W.  The Reconciliation of Government With Liberty.  New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1915.

Butchart, Ronald E.  Northern Schools, Southern Blacks, and Reconstruction: Freemen’s Education, 1862-1875.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood P, 1980.

Butcher, Philip.  George Washington Cable.  New York:  Twayne, 1962.

Byerman, Keith E.  “Race and Romance: The Quest of the Silver Fleece as Utopian Narrative.”  American Literary Realism 24.3 (Spring1992): 58-71. 

Byerman, Keith E.  Seizing the Word: History, Art, and Self in the World of W. E. B. Du Bois.  Athens:  U of Georgia P, 1994.

Cable, George Washington.  “The Freedman’s Case in Equity.”  The Century Magazine.  January 1885.  http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/railton/huckfinn/hfequity.html.

Cable, George Washington.  Gideon’s Band: A Tale of the Mississippi.  New York: Scribners, 1914.

Cable, George Washington.  John March, Southerner.  New York: Scribners, 1894.

Cable, George Washington.  Lovers of Louisiana (To-day).  New York: Scribners, 1918.

Cable, George Washington.  Madame Delphine.  New York: Scribners, 1881.

Cable, George Washington.  Old Creole Days.  New York: Scribners, 1879.

Cable, George Washington.  The Flower of the Chapdelaines.  New York: Scribners, 1918.

Cable, George Washington.  The Grandissimes: A Story of Creole Life.  New York: Scribners, 1880.

Cable, George Washington.  The Negro Question.  New York: Scribners, 1890.

Cable, George Washington.  The Silent South.  New York: Scribners, 1885.  Expanded edition, 1889.

Cabral, Amilcar.  Unity and Struggle: Speeches and Writings.  Trans. Michael Wolfers.  New York: Monthly Review P, 1979.

Caccavari, Peter.  “A Trick of Meditation: Charles Chesnutt’s Conflicted Literary Relationship with Albion Tourgée.  Literary Influence and African American Writers.  Ed. Tracy Mishkin.  New York: Garland, 1996.  129-53.

Caccavari, Peter.  “Reconstructing Reconstruction: Region and Nation in the Work of Albion Tourgée.”  Regionalism Reconsidered: New Approaches to the Field.  Ed. David Jordan.  New York: Garland, 1994.  119-38. 

Campbell, Jane.  Mythic Black Fiction: The Transformation of History.  Knoxville, KY:  U of Kentucky P, 1986.

Campomanes, Oscar.  “1898 and the Nature of the New Empire.”  Radical History Review 73 (Winter 1999): 130-46.

Campomanes, Oscar.  “The New Empire’s Forgetful and Forgotten Citzens: Unrepresentability and Unassimilability in Filipino-American Postcolonialities.” Hitting Critical Mass 2.2 (Spring 1995): 145-200.

Canieso-Doronila, Maria Luisa.  Limits of Educational Change: National Identity Formation in a Philippine Public Elementary School.  Quezon City:  U of the Philippines P, 1989.

Carby, Hazel V.  “‘On the Threshold of Woman’s Era’: Lynching, Empire, and Sexuality in Black Feminist Theory.”  Critical Inquiry 12 (Autumn 1985):  262-77.  Rpt. “Race,” Writing, and Difference.  Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Jr.  Chicago:  U of Chicago P, 1986.  301-316.

Carby, Hazel V.  “Introduction.”  Frances E. W. Harper.  Iola Leroy; or Shadows Uplifted. Boston: Beacon P, 1987.  ix-xxvi.

Carby, Hazel V.  Race Men.  Cambridge:  Harvard UP, 1998.

Carby, Hazel V.  Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman Novelist.  New York: Oxford UP, 1987.

Castronovo, Russ.  Necro Citizenship: Death, Eroticism, and the Public Sphere in the Nineteenth-Century United States.  Durham:  Duke UP, 2001.

Cawelti, John G.  The Six-Gun Mystique.  Bowling Green, Ohio:  Bowling Green UP, 1975.

Cecelski, David S., and Timothy B. Tyson, eds.  Democracy Betrayed: the Wilmington Race Riot of 1898 and its Legacy.   Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1998.

Cerny, Clayton Allen.  “Reconstructing Freedom:  Romance and Race in American Culture, 1877-1915.  Ph.D. Dissertation.  Northwestern University, 1996.

Cervantes, Miguel de.  Don Quixote.  Trans. Edith Grossman.  New York:  Ecco, 2003.

Chatterjee, Partha.  The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories.  Princeton:  Princeton UP, 1993.

Cheah, Pheng.  Spectral Nationality: Passages of Freedom from Kant to Postcolonial Literatures of Liberation.  New York:  Columbia UP, 2003. 

Chesnutt, Charles W.  “The Future American: A Complete Race Amalgamation Likely to Occur.”  Boston Evening Transcript.  September 1,1900.  13.  Rpt. Charles W. Chesnutt: Essays and Speeches.  Ed. Joseph R. McElrath, Jr., Robert C. Leitz III, and Jesse S. Crisler.  Stanford:  Stanford UP, 1999.  121-35.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  “The Future American: A Stream of Dark Blood in the Veins of Southern Whites.”  Boston Evening Transcript.  August 25,1900.  15.  Rpt. Charles W. Chesnutt: Essays and Speeches.  Ed. Joseph R. McElrath, Jr., Robert C. Leitz III, and Jesse S. Crisler.  Stanford:  Stanford UP, 1999.  121-35.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  “The Future American: What Race Is Likely to Become in the Process of Time.”  Boston Evening Transcript.  August 18,1900.  20.  Rpt. Charles W. Chesnutt: Essays and Speeches.  Ed. Joseph R. McElrath, Jr., Robert C. Leitz III, and Jesse S. Crisler.  Stanford:  Stanford UP, 1999.  121-35.  Rpt. Charles W. Chesnutt: Selected Writings.  Ed SallyAnn H. Ferguson.  New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001.  47-52.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  “To Be an Author”: Letters of Charles W. Chesnutt, 1889-1905.  Ed. Joseph R. McElrath, Jr., and Robert C. Leitz III.  Princeton:  Princeton UP, 1997.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  Selected Writings.  Ed. SallyAnn H. Ferguson.  New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2001.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  The Colonel’s Dream.  New York:  Doubleday Page, 1905.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  The Conjure Woman and Other Conjure Tales.  Ed. Richard H. Brodhead.  Durham, N.C.: Duke UP, 1993.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  The House Behind the Cedars.  Boston:  Houghton Mifflin, 1900.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  The Marrow of Tradition.  Boston:  Houghton Mifflin, 1901.

Chesnutt, Charles W.  The Wife of His Youth and Other Stories of the Color Line. 1899.  Ridgewood, N.J.: Gregg P, 1967.

Chesnutt.  The Journals of Charles W. Chesnutt.  Ed. Richard H. Brodhead.  Durham:  Duke UP, 1993. 

Cheyfitz, Eric.  The Poetics of Imperialism:  Translation and Colonization from The Tempest to Tarzan.  1991.  Expanded Edition.  Philadelphia:  U of Pennsylvania P, 1997.

Child, Lydia Maria.  A Lydia Maria Child Reader.  Ed. Carolyn Karcher. Durham:  Duke UP, 1997.

Child, Lydia Maria.  The Freedmen’s Book.   Boston: Ticknor & Fields, 1865.

Child, Lydia Maria.  The Romance of the Republic.  1867.  Ed. Dana D. Nelson.  Lexington: U of Kentucky P, 1997. 

Christian, Barbara.  Black Women Novelists: The Development of a Tradition, 1892-1976.  Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1980.

Cimbala, Paul A., and Randall M. Miller, eds.  The Freedmen’s Bureau and Reconstruction: Reconsiderations.  New York:  Fordham U P, 1999.

Cleman, John.  George Washington Cable Revisited.  New York:  Twayne, 1996.

Clemens, Samuel Longhorne.  See Twain, Mark. 

Clevenger, Martha R.  “The Igorots in the St. Louis Fair, 1904.”  Speech, 2004.  www.oovrag.com/essays/essay2004a-1.shtml.

Clinton, Catherine, ed.  Half-Sisters of History: Southern Women and the American Past.  Durham:  Duke UP, 1994.

Clinton, Catherine.  “Bloody Terrain: Freedwomen, Sexuality, and Violence During Reconstruction.”  Half-Sisters of History: Southern Women and the American Past.  Ed. Catherine Clinton.  Durham:  Duke UP, 1994.  136-53. 

Cobb, James C.  Redefining Southern Culture: Mind and Identity in the Modern South.  Athens:  U of Georgia P, 1999.

Cohen, Nancy.  The Reconstruction of American Liberalism, 1865-1914.  Chapel Hill:  U of North Carolina P, 2002.

Constantino, Renato.  “The Miseducation of the Filipino.”  In Shaw and Velasco, eds.  Vestiges of War.  177-92.

Cook, Raymond Allen.  Fire from the Flint: The Amazing Careers of Thomas Dixon.  Winston-Salem, NC: John F. Blair, 1968.

Cook, Raymond Allen.  Thomas Dixon.  New York:  Twayne, 1974.

Cooper, Anna Julia.  A Voice from the South.  1892.  Rpt. Ed. Mary Helen Washington.  New York: Oxford UP, 1988. 

Cooper, John Milton, Jr.  Walter Hines Page: The Southerner as American, 1855-1918.  Chapel Hill:  U of North Carolina P, 1977.

Crummell, Alexander.  Destiny and Race: Selected Writings, 1840-1898.  Ed. Wilson Jeremiah Moses.  Amherst:  U of Massachusetts P, 1992.

Curry, Leonard P.  Blueprint for Modern America: Non-Military Legislation of the First Civil War Congress.  Nashville:  U of Tennessee P, 1968.

Davis, Richard Harding.  Soldiers of Fortune.  New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1897.

Delany, Martin R.  Blake; or, the huts of America, a novel.  Boston:  Beacon P, 1970.

De Leon, Edwin.  “The New South.”  Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 48 (January, 1874): 270-80.  48 (February, 1874): 406-22.  49 (September, 1874): 555-68.

Delmendo, Sharon.  The Star-Entangled Banner: One Hundred Years of America in the Philippines.  New Brunswick, N. J.:  Rutgers UP, 2004.

Denby, Charles R.  “What Shall We Do With the Philippines?”  Forum 27 (March 1899).

Denby, Charles R.  See Anonymous, Report of the Philippine Commissionto the President.

Derounian-Stobala, Kathryn Zabelle.  The Indian Captivity Narrative, 1550-1900.  New York:  Twayne, 1993.

DeVoto, Bernard.  Mark Twain’s America.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1932.

Dimock, Wai-chee.  Through Other Continents: American Literature Across Deep Time.  Princeton:  Princeton UP, 2006.

Diner, Steven J.  A Very Different Age: Americans in the Progressive Era.  New York:  Hill and Wang, 1998.

Dixon, Thomas.  The Leopard’s Spots; A Romance of the White Man’s Burden—1865-1900.  New York:  Doubleday Page, 1902.

Dixon, Thomas.  The Traitor.  1907.  The Reconstruction Trilogy.  Ed. Samuel Dickson.  Noontide P, 1994. 

Dixon. Thomas.  The Clansman; An Historical Romance of the Ku Klux Klan.  New York:  Doubleday Page, 1905.

Dizon, Alma Jill.  Beyond the Melodramatic Vision: National Identity and the Novels of José Rizal.  Yale University:  Ph.D. dissertation, 1996.

Dizon, Alma Jill.  “False Vision in Two Plays by Aurelio Tolentino.”  Philippine Studies 43.4 (1995): 666-80.

Documenting the American South [database].  http://docsouth.unc.edu.

Donovan, Josephine.  New England Local-Color Literature: A Woman’s Tradition.  New York: Ungar, 1983.

Dorsey, Allison.  To Build Our Lives Together: Community Formation in Black Atlanta, 1875-1906.  Athens:  U of Georgia P, 2004.

Dougherty, Jack.  “When Swarthmore Desegregated Its Schools.”  The Swarthmorean 76.20 (14 May 2004): 1, 5.

Douglass, Frederick.  Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself.  1845.  The Civitas Anthology of African American Slave Narratives.  Ed. William L. Andrews and Henry Louis Gates, Jr.  Washington, D.C.: Civitas/Counterpoint P, 1999.  105-94.

Douglass, Frederick.  The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, Written by Himself.  Hartford, Conn.: Park P, 1882.

Dreiser, Theodore.  “Nigger Jeff.”  [1901].  Free and Other Stories.  New York: Boni and Liveright, 1918.

Du Bois, W. E. B.  “Reconstruction and its Benefits.”  American Historical Review 15 (July 1910): 781-99.

Du Bois, W. E. B.  “The African Roots of the War.”  Atlantic Monthly 115 (May 1915): 707-14.

Du Bois, W. E. B.  Black Reconstruction in America.  New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1935.  Rpt. Millwood, NY: Kraus-Thomson, 1976.

Du Bois, W. E. B.  The Negro Common School.  Atlanta: Atlanta Univ. Pub. No. 6, 1901.

Du Bois, W. E. B.  The Oxford W. E. B. Du Bois Reader.  Ed. Eric J. Sundquist.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1996.

Du Bois, W. E. B.  The Quest of the Silver Fleece.  1911.  Rpt.  New York: Arno, 1969.

Du Bois, W. E. B.  The Souls of Black Folk.  New York:  A. C. McClurg, 1903.

duCille, Ann.  The Coupling Convention: Sex, Text, and Tradition in Black Women’s Fiction.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1993.

Dunbar, Paul Laurence.  The Strength of Gideon and Other Stories.  New York:  Dodd Mead, 1900.

Dunbar, Paul Laurence.  The Sport of the Gods.  1902.  Rpt. New York: Arno, 1969.

Dunning, William Archibald.  Essays on the Civil War and Reconstruction and Related Topics.  New York, Macmillan, 1898.

Elder, Arlene.  The “Hindered Hand”: Cultural Implications of Early African American Fiction.  Westport, CT:  Greenwood P, 1978.

Ellison, Ralph.  Shadow and Act.  New York: Random House, 1964.

Ellison, Ralph.  The Collected Essays of Ralph Ellison.  Ed. John F. Callahan.  New York: Random House/Modern Library, 1995.

Emerson, Edwin, Jr., ed.  College Year-Book and Athletic Record for the Academic Year, 1896-97.  New York: Stone and Kimball, 1897.

Emery, Lynne Fauley.  Black Dance From 1619 to Today.  Second, Revised Edition.  Pennington, New Jersey:  Princeton Book P, 1988. 

Eng, David L., and Shinhee Han.  “A Dialogue on Racial Melancholia.”  Loss: The Politics of Mourning.  Ed. David L. Eng and David Kazanian.  Berkeley:  U of California P, 2003.  343-71.

Engs, Robert Francis.  Educating the Disfranchised and Disinherited: Samuel Chapman Armstrong and Hampton Institute, 1839-1893.  Knoxville: U of Tennessee P, 1999.

Epps, Garrett.  Democracy Reborn: The Fourteenth Amendment and the Fight for Equal Rights in Post-Civil War America.  New York:  Henry Holt, 2006.

Fabi, Maria Giulia.  “‘Race Travel’: Towards a Taxonomy of Turn-of-the-Century African American Utopian Fiction.”  Viaggi in utopia.  Ed. Raffaella Baccolini, Vita Fortunati, and Minerva Nadia.  Ravenna, Italy: Longo P, 1996.  335-42.

Fanon, Frantz.  A Dying Colonialism.  Trans.  Haakon Chevalier.  New York: Grove P, 1965.

Fanon, Frantz.  Wretched of the Earth.  Trans. Constance Farrington. New York: Grove P, 1963.

Fernandez, Doreen G.  “Introduction: In the Context of Political History and Dramatic Tradition.”  The Filipino Drama.  Ed. Arthur Stanley Riggs.  Manila: Ministry of Human Settlements, Intramuros Administration, 1981.

Ferrer, Ada.  “1898: Rethinking Race, Nation, and Empire.”  Radical History Review 73 (Winter 1999): 22-46.

Fishkin, Shelley Fisher.  “Crossroads of Cultures: The Transnational Turn in American Studies.”  American Quarterly 57.1 (March 2005): 17-57. 

Fleischmann, Anne.  “‘Neither Fish, Flesh, Nor Fowl’: Race and Region in the Writings of Charles W. Chesnutt.”  Postcolonial Theory and the United States: Race, Ethnicity, and Literature.   Ed. Amritjit Singh and Peter Schmidt.  Jackson:  UP of Mississippi, 2000.  244-57.

Foner, Eric.  Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men:  The Ideology of the Republican Party Before the Civil War.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1970.

Foner, Eric.  Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877.  New York: Harper and Row, 1988.

Foreman, P. Gabrielle.  “’Reading aright’: White Slavery, Black Referents, and the Strategy of Histotextuality in Iola Leroy.”  Yale Journal of Criticism 10.2 (Fall 1997): 327-54.

Fossett, Judith Jackson.  “(K)night Rides in (K)night Gowns:  The Ku Klux Klan and Constructions of Masculinity.”  Race Consciousness: African-American Studies for the New Century.  Eds. Judith Jackson Fossett and Jeffrey A. Tucker.  New York:  NYU P, 1997.  35-49.

Foster, Frances Smith.  “Introduction.” Frances E. W. Harper.  Iola Leroy, or Shadows Uplifted.  1893.  Rpt. Ed. Frances Smith Foster.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1988.  xvii-xxxix.

Foster, Frances Smith.  Written By Herself: Literary Production by African American Women, 1746-1892.  Bloomington:  Indiana UP, 1993.

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth.  “Slavery, Race, and the Figure of the Tragic Mulatta; or, The Ghost of Southern History in the Writing of African-American Women.”  Haunted Bodies: Gender and Southern Texts. Ed. Anne Goodwyn Jones and Susan V. Donaldson.  Charlottesville:  U of Virginia P, 1997.  464-91.

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth.  Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women of the Old South.  Chapel Hill:  U of North Carolina P, 1988.

Frankenberg, Ruth.  Displacing Whiteness: Essays in Social and Cultural Criticism.  Durham:  Duke UP, 1997.

Franklin, John Hope.  “‘Birth of a Nation’—Propaganda as History.”  Massachusetts Review 20 (1979):  417-34.

Franklin, John Hope.  Reconstruction: After the Civil War.  Chicago:  Chicago UP, 1961.

Fredrickson, George M.  The Black Image in the White Mind: The Debate on Afro-American Character and Destiny, 1817-1914.  Middletown, CT: Wesleyan UP, 1971.

Freer, Debra.  “Introduction.”  Margaret Mitchell.  Lost Laysen.  [1916.]  Ed. Debra Freer.  New York: Scribner, 1996.  13-62.

Freire, Paolo.  Pedagogy of the Oppressed.  1970.  Trans. Myra Bergman Ramos.  New York: Continuum, 1984.

Freire, Paolo.  Education for Critical Consciousness.  New York:  Seabury, 1973.

Friedman, Lawrence J.  The White Savage: Racial Fantasies in the Postbellum South.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ:  Prentice-Hall, 1970.

Frye, Northrop.  The Anatomy of Fiction.  Princeton:  Princeton UP, 1957.

Gaines, Kevin.  “Black Americans’ Racial Uplift Ideology as “Civilizing Mission’:  Pauline E. Hopkins on Race and Imperialism.”  Cultures of United States Imperialism.  Ed. Amy Kaplan and Donald E. Pease.  Durham: Duke UP, 1993.  433-55.

Gambone, Michael D.  Documents of American Diplomacy: From the American Revolution to the Present.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood P, 2002.

Gaston, Paul M.  The New South Creed: A Study in Southern Mythmaking.  New York: Knopf, 1970.

Gatewood, Willard B., Jr.  Black Americans and the White Man’s Burden.  Urbana:  U of Illinois P, 1975.

Gayle, Addison.  The Way of the World: The Black Novel in America.  New York:  Doubleday, 1975.

George-Graves, Nadine.  The Royalty of Negro Vaudeville: The Whitman Sisters and the Negotiation of Race, Gender, and Class in American Theater, 1900-1940.  New York: St. Martin’s P, 2000.

Genovese, Eugene.  Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made.  New York: Pantheon, 1974.

Giddings, Franklin Henry.  Democracy and Empire, with Studies of Their Psychological, Economic, and Moral Foundations.  New York: Macmillan, 1901.

Giddings, Paula.  When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America.  New York: William Morrow, 1984.

Gilmore, Michael T.  Surface and Depth: The Quest for Legibility in American Culture.  New York:  Oxford UP, 2003.

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